American Federal Gov: polls, voting, public opinion
American Federal Gov: polls, voting, public opinion P SC 1113
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by . on Monday April 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to P SC 1113 at University of Oklahoma taught by Dr. Gary Copeland in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views.
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Date Created: 04/04/16
Public opinion, polling and voting American Federal Government Lecture, materials, lab Participation of Political process and public opinion Why do people vote? Two reasons: Intrinsic satisfaction- you value it; it makes you feel good Extrinsic- wearing a sticker, family friends etc, social pressure associated with voting Who is more likely to vote? Partisans middle aged people Richer people Religious people (same said of any social group), for ex. Members of a union, women, etc. In 2012 African Americans were more likely to vote The Political environment influences vote; if you think that the vote will be close you are more likely to vote State policies influence- in some states you can register the same day as you vote; this influences turnout Conventional participation- using the normal political process to accomplish goals: signing petitions, making campaign contributions, going to rallies Unconventional- superseding the normal political process in favor of more anti- esablishment approaches: protests, demonstrations, social media Public opinion Question to consider: Do we want our representatives in government to vote how we would or do we want them to make educated judgements for us, seeing as we don’t know all the information. Voluntary polls- don’t represent population. Push poll- leading questions, pretends ask for your opinion on information, but really wants to persuade you McCain was victim of this, affected outcome Straw poll- a vote that attempts to calculate how well candidates are doing Picking samples for polls are hard; there must be no bias in choosing (for example, calling people doesn’t work because not everyone has a phone) Due to biases in questions and selection, many polls do not represent the entire population well. Nonattitudes- sometimes, despite not knowing much about the topic, or not having a strong opinion either way, a participant will choose an answer in that moment Double negative questions- “do you not agree that polling is not biased” confuses the participant and sways the answer. Wisdom of the crowd: As individuals, we are just guessing, but collectively we tend to get it right; errors cancel each other out For example, there was an experiment to guess how many jelly beans in a jar. no individual guessed, but the average of the guesses was very close Voting laws: 15th amendment 1870- right to vote for African American men 19th amendment 1920- right to vote for women 26th amendment 1971- right to vote for citizens 18 years and older