Medieval Art History, Week 9
Medieval Art History, Week 9 ART 483, Art History
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kathryn Mason on Monday April 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ART 483, Art History at Fort Hays State University taught by Erica Bittel in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Medieval Art History in Art at Fort Hays State University.
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Date Created: 04/04/16
March 21 , 2016 Medieval Art – Chapter 4: Early Medieval Art in the West Textbook pages 75-100, continued… • Arian Christianity – didn’t believe in the trinity, but the God was the Holy Father and Christ his son. • The fifth century was marked by increasing violence Huns – Attila – leader; raided Western Europe Ostrogoths – Eastern Goths, established in Italy Visigoths – Western Goths, captured and stacked Rome moved into France Vandals – Swept through France and Spain; Africa/Egypt Bergunians • These groups interacted with each other so they influenced each other • A threat to the Roman Empire The Art of the Goths and Langobards • Theodoric the Great’s architects sought to mimic and adapt Christianized classical forms • In some way or form everyone accept Christianity and the spiritual sense of it • At the same time, the Visigoths continued their pagan heritage in jewelry and decorative weaponry • Eagle-shaped fibulae, 6 century, gilt, bronze, crystal, garnets, and other gems • Recceswinth Crown, 653-672, gold, sapphires, pearls, and other gems o Designed to hang over the alter of churches o Royal offering o Highly adorned gift from a Visigoth ruler March 23 , 2016 Medieval Art – Chapter 4: Early Medieval Art in the West Textbook pages 75-100, continued… • In contrast to the relatively peaceful existence of the Visigoths, the Langobards living in Italy faced turmoil, violence, and differing religious views o The majority of the Langobards were Arian Christians, but some had remained pagan o Queen Theodelinda was a follower of the Pope • Cover of the Gospels of Theodelinda, 6 -7 century, gold, gems, and pearls on a wooden base o Small profiles o Constantinian circles • The Langobards reached the height of their power under King Luitprand (r.712- 744) o King Luitprand was a great patron of art and architecture o The term Lombard was adopted in the Middle Ages to describe the building techniques used throughout northern Italy o The work of the Lombard masters eventually came to influence the formation of the Romanesque style th • Oratory of Santa Maria-in-Valle (or Tempietto Langobardo), 8 century, stucco, relief sculpture, cividale, Italy o Nimbus – slight halo Art of the Merovingian Franks th th • The Merovingian dynasty of the Franks lasted from the 5 through the 8 centuries o Existed in present day France and part of Germany • The Franks converted to Christianity ca. 496 during the reign of Clovis II, and partly through the efforts of Queen Clotilda o Clovis, like Constantine the Great, adopted Christianity in order to ensue military victory o The conversation immediately allied the Franks with the Roman Church • Medallion with bust of Christ, second half of 8 century, cloisonné enamel on copper • Cloisonné – a metal working technique, uses small metal fillaments and colorful glass enamel to create a luminous surface th March 25 , 2016 Medieval Art – Chapter 4: Early Medieval Art in the West Textbook pages 75-100, continued… • Monday, April 18 – Exam #2 • Can use study guide for final o Fill out, front and back • Crypt of St. Paul, Abbey of Notre-Dame, 7 century, Jouarre, France (northern France) th • Capital from the Crypt of St. Paul, Abbey of Notre-Dame, 7 century, Jouarre, France (northern France) • Sarcophagus of St. Theodochilde from Crypt of St. Paul, Abbey of Notre-Dame, 7 century, Jouarre, France (northern France) • Sacramentary of Gelasius, mid-8 century, manuscript illumination • Sacramentary – a liturgical service book containing the priest’s part of the mass • Youtube.com – Making manuscripts – Getty Museum • Youtube.com – Secret history of illuminated manuscripts – Miniature series The Art of the Vendels and Vikings • In the Old Norse sense of the term, Viking designates the enterprise of going abroad on raids, and a vikingr is essentially a pirate • In modern usage, the term Viking is generally applied to medieval Scandinavian culture as it flourished between the 790s and roughly 1000 • Vikings map • Gokstad Ship, 890, found in a burial mound at Gokstand farm in Norway o Eric the Red o Leath the Lucky (his son)