World History, Week 8
World History, Week 8 Hist 102-004
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Loretta Hellmann on Monday April 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 102-004 at Western Kentucky University taught by Marko Dumancic in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see WORLD HISTORY II in History at Western Kentucky University.
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Date Created: 04/04/16
Week 8 notes Monday, March 21, 2016 10:30 AM Monday Industrial Revolution 1750-1900 80-90% of population worked in agriculture -> 10% in agriculture Now it's more urbanized and industrialized Went from rural to urban Peasants-> creation of middle class Before there was just the top and the bottle of social classes, now there's a middle Primitive modes of technology --> developed technology and environmental disasters Why Europe? Merchants important in social and political life. VERY IMPORTANT ROLE Competitive states, who are trying to outmaneuver each other. Rulers needed revenue They didn’t have an advanced taxing system like other countries so they relied on the merchants to bring in revenue Why Britain? Scientist were more focused on practical aspects of Scientific revolution The tolerance in Britain leads to scientists coming to UK Had a lot of coal and iron Relative geographic isolation and access to the Oceans Limited royal power Huge navy Nobility were also merchants and investors Position of working classes during the Industrial revolution 70% of population Life expectancy was low (40 years) Poor sanitation No representation in parliament Poor working conditions Low wages, long hours, child labor No workers comp for injury and such Capitalism Free market Few regulations, little government Intervention Mobility Production of capital and monopolies Self-reliance and individualism Why capitalism is no good according to Karl Marx Two hostile classes (bourgeoisies and proletariat) Predicts this will lead to a revolution Which will lead to proletariat taking over--> classless society Destroys the values of family and religion Money corrupts values because it all becomes immoral Dependency of areas and groups on money Rural areas are becoming dependent on urban areas Destruction of the environment Nations are dependent on one product production All political and economic power with Bourgeoisies Kills independence Permanently exploited class of people that grows larger to make a continuous profit According Marx, CAPITALism is all about making a profit, and to make a profit you have to keep the working people down, exploit people, each industry will lead to a monopoly and this will inevitably lead to a revolution. Connection between: industrial revolution, capitalism, and colonization The new colonies Had raw materials that Europe needed Supplies needed to be used in European factories Made the products And the sold the products back to the colonies The colonies were suppliers AND consumers Industrial Revolution enhanced: Europe colonialism New technology Steam engine Suez Canal (short cut) Telegraph Military coordination War and trade Machine guns Medicine against malaria (quinine) Social Darwinism Survival of the fittest Charles Darwin Genetic adaption is key to evolution Adapt to change or die Europeans interpreted this as they are the superior race and can exploit other races like Africans and Australians Weeding out the weakest in society to make society stronger a whole Racial superiority : Socialism/communism Government regulation, state owned business Higher taxes Group responsibility SECOND WAVE IMPERIALISM America's was the first wave, 1450-1650, EARLY MODERN ERA
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