Sociology 100 week 3/29-4/1 Notes
Sociology 100 week 3/29-4/1 Notes SOC 100
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley Judkins on Monday April 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 100 at Colorado State University taught by John Brouillette in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see General Sociology in Behavioral Sciences at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 04/04/16
Sociology notes: 3/29/16 Clicker questions: ● How does the homicide rate in the U.S. compared to other technologically developed countries? Class answer: 60% say U.S. is higher than other counties Correct answer: U.S. is higher by 3 or 4 homicides per 100,000 ● Should the death penalty be abolished? Class answer: yes 26 %, no 40%, uncertain 33% *generation before us would answer Yes with over 50% ● Do you think the death penalty deters crime? Class answer: No 64% ● In general, the rich people in the world have justifiably earned their wealth. Strongly agree moderately agree (class answer 49%) uncertain moderately disagree (Class answer 32%) strongly disagree *This shows our class is not radicals we tend to go for the middle answers Lecture notes: Trends about crime in U.S.: Crime rate has been going down since 1990in violent crimes, aggravated assault, robbery, murder and manslaughter, forcible rape However property crimes are higher than the rate of violent crimes Us homicide rate: half now what it use to be Homicide has lowered since 1990 and is about 45 homicides per 100,000 people Elliott Currie, Confronting Crime, 1985 “In the severity of its crime rates, the U.S.more closely resembles the most volatile countries of the Third Word than other developed Western societies.” Trends of homicide in Underdeveloped countries homicide rates per 100k is between 2882 Honduras has the highest amount of homicide with 82 per 100k U.S. is way lower than these countries Incarceration rates per 100k India has one of the lowest incarceration rate with 32 U.S. has the highest with 756 Japan is the second lowest with 63 Russia is second highest with 628 Number in Prison: The U.S. has about 5 percent of the world’s population. There are 2.3 million people in U.S. prisons and jails. That figure equals 23 percent of the entire world’s prison population. *READ ARTICLE INCARCERATION NATION FOR NEXT EXAM* Graph of death punishment : U.S. uses death penalty Many developed countries do not use the death penalty (canida) *many countries think this is inhumane Many underdeveloped countries use the death penalty For or against capital punishment (U.S.) 1936 59% For 38% Against 1966 42% For 47% Against 1994 80% For 16% Against 2007 71% For 26% Against 2011 61% For 35% Against 2013 55% For 37% Against *About 25% of all total death penalties were based on DNA there was mistakes! What are the odds of being born into poverty? being born outside of wedlock raises the probability of being born into poverty You are ten times more likely to be born into poverty if your parents are hispanic then white Titanic 1600 lives lost total 40% of the 1st class passengers drowned 64% of the 2nd class passengers drowned 76% of the 3rd class passengers drowned Sociology notes: 3/31/16 Clicker questions: ● Most people could get ahead in the U.S. if they really tried. Class Answer: Agree 65% (majority) Disagree (25%) Uncertain (11%) ● Everyone who needs a heart transplant should be able to obtain one even if they cannot afford it. Class answer: Agree (62%) Disagree (22%) Uncertain (16%) ● Social inequalities is the greatest in “_______” societies. Hunting/gathering Horticulture /pastoral Agrarian (correct anwser) Industrial post industrial (Class answer 49%) *The trend is is its starts really low with hunting and gathering and peaks at agrarian society. And then starts to lower in industrial societies but then start rising in in post industrial society. Lecture notes: He started class talking about natural disasters and connected it to how they mostly affect poor people because the housing is cheaper where there is common occurrence of weather. The point is everyday some people live a better life. Social stratificatiA system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy The American dream: The belief that if people work hard & play by the rules, they will have a chance to get ahead *It is based on the assumption that people in the U.S. have equality of opportunity regardless of their race,creed, color, national origin, sex, or religion. Global Systems of Stratification: *Slavery—Some people are owned by others *The Caste System —People’s status is determined at birth (ascription) *The Class System—People’s status is based on the ownership & control of resources and on the type of work they do (achievement) Life chances = probabilities of benefiting or suffering from the opportunities or disadvantages one’s society offers *Life expectancy Being in an upper class will raise your life expectancy *Principle cause of death how you die is correlated with what class you are With exceptions of breast cancer and “blank” you are more likely to die when diagnosed with cancer *Physical health people in upper class typically have lower blood pressure *Mental health *Justice system You get in trouble with drugs but people get treated different based on their skin color *Economic wellbeing Functionalist approach to Social stratification: Stratification is a system of unequal rewards that benefits society as a whole *reason: Social position reflects personal talents and abilities in a competitive economy Conflict approach to Social Stratification: Stratification is a division of a society’s resources that benefits some people and harms others. *reason: social position reflects the way society divides resources Functionalist perspective DavisMoore Thesis: Inequality is not only inevitable but also necessary for the smooth functioning of society. Why? *All societies have certain positions that must be filled. *Some positions are more important than others. *The most important must be filled by the most qualified people. *The positions that are most important for society & that require scarce talent, extensive training, or both must be the most highly rewarded. *The most highly rewarded positions should be those that are functionally unique (no other position can perform the same function). Conflict Perspective: Inequality is the result of conflict. • Differences in resources serve the interests of some & harm others • Inequality is useful only to some people; it is not inevitable. • Values & beliefs tend to be ideological; they reflect the interests of the more powerful members of society. Critical Evaluation of Functionalism:If functional importance really explains the high reward that people enjoy, how do you measure functional importance? (Who does this?) • Functionalists exaggerate social strat.role in developing individual talent. have the rewards gotten out of hand? Is there a limit to rewards? What if we lessened the really high salaries just a little bit? • By contending that social strat. Benefits all of society, the functionalists ignore how social inequality promotes conflict & sometimes outright revolution. Critical Evaluation of Conflict Theory: D oesn’t motivating people to perform various social roles require some system of unequal rewards? *The U.S. compared to countries like itself have a higher gap of inequality* Sociology notes: 4/1/16 Clicker questions: ● The gap between the rich and the poor is the greatest in which of the following Japan Australia Canada Germany U.S. (82% of the class got this correct) ● “Differences in income in the U.S. are too large.” strongly agree 20% agree 41% Neutral (28% class majority) Disagree 6% Strongly disagree 6% Lecture notes: Upper (Capitalist) Class (5%) Upperupper (<1%) *Busy people, isolated people because they do not have jobs usually. We don't really know much about them. They live in a world society, so Whatever is going on in the U.S. is not relevant. They have small family and do not spend a lot of time with them. It's typical for there to be a nanny to take care of the children. Both parents don't stay home but do activities with others like them. Very well educated, they go to the best private school possible. They go to church because they are gracious livers, so they don't really talk about god. Sometimes you can marry into this class, but you are not accepted. These people are not political Lowerupper (4%) *Filthy rich but from income. Their career is a big deal. Not only their own career but their children’s. They pick where they want to live based on where there is a good private school. Education is the key to the good life. These are the students before birth are the nerds and they will make it. Their parents control their behavior because they want them to go to the best universities in the world to get one of the best careers. More traditional families in this class. The husband is the main act and wife is there to support the main act. Often when the man goes to job they want the female to go to, just in case she would lower his performance. Its changing, just not as fast. These are the Peyton Mannings, etc. Very political but don't voice their opinions because of their image. They all go to church to make himself look good and help their career. Middle Class—(4550%) *Now we are talking about America* Uppermiddle (15%) *These people have reached the American dream. Also interested in their careers and a good education. These people also want their children to make it but have less money to do so. The are more conservative, they like their life the way it is. You have the same values as the lowerupper class but they just have a harder time achieving it. Averagemiddle (3035%) *Moral values drives this class. These are the people who go out and help other. They go to church for being a good person. These people will sacrifice for their children but they will go to state schools. These are white collar doctors, the legitimate. They are the main socializer because they interact with the youth and all major groups of people. Creditcard class the banks will let them go into debt because they value being a good person and repaying their debt. They want to be respectable. Working Class—(33%) *Blue collar class. These people get by. These people tend to prioritize different values like sports over school Lower Class—(20%)