PY 372- Week 12 Notes
PY 372- Week 12 Notes PY 372
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexia Acebo on Monday April 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PY 372 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by William Hart in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see PY 372 William Hart-Social Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 04/04/16
PY 372- Week 12 Notes -Attraction & Intimate Relationships- What makes people attractive as friends and/or romantic partners? 1. Proximity- The physical distance between 2 people a. Being physically close to people promotes friendship formation **Festinger, Schacter & Back (1950) friendship in college dorms 65% said closest friend lived in the same building of the 65% -41% lived nect door -22% lived 2 doors down -10% lived at other end of the hall **what causes the proximity effect? Higher probability of meeting people who are close in physical distance Often close with people we have things in common with Anticipating interaction with someone boosts liking **Darley & Berscheid (1967) -Mere exposure effect: simply seeing their face makes you like them more **Zajonc (1968,1970)-Chinese ideographs -more often you see something, more likely you are to connect it to good **Moreland & Beach (1992)- happens with people **Mita et. Al. (1977)- photographs vs. mirror images 2. Physical Attractiveness- a. Hatfield et. Al. (1966) Welome week dance study b. –want to see this person again? c. Beautiful is good stereotype: belief that physically attractive people have a wide range of positive characteristics i. Frieze- MBA grad study: it pay$ to be physically attractive d. PLASTIC SURGERY i. Kalick (1977)- after plastic surgery, people are rated as warm, kind, likeable ii. Magregor et. Al. 1953 !!!Is the stereotype true?? Partially Physically attractive people are NOT more o Intelligent, dominant, happier or mentally healthy They are: o More comfortable & competent in social settings WHY?--> behavior confirmation **Physical attractiveness: HIGH bodily symmetry average features- NOT mediocrity faces with typical features tend to be viewed as more attractive ??WHO do we find attractive? -Evolutionary Psychology: men prefer women with feminine features and vice versa women prefer men with masculine features that suggest high Testosterone (square jaw); low thicker brows, narrower eyes
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