CL 113 Lecture 23
CL 113 Lecture 23 CL 113LEC
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Monday April 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 04/04/16
Lecture 23: March 28 3rdfunction deities—continued Healers Plant-production Associated with marriage Going back to Greece Dioscuri Curi ‘boys/sons’ Dios ‘Zeus’ o Only 1 is literally the son of Zeus Castor o Fathered by Tyndareus (mortal) Polydeuces (or Pollux) o Fathered by Zeus Their mother is Leda (mortal) Contrasting pair Associated with horses o Leukopoloi ‘bright horses’ title/epithet o Associated with military tradition/Roman Calvary Mariners/Sailors o St. Elmos Fire—fire/electrical on the higher portions of a ship during a storm o Believe Dioscuri were present during this o Keeping those at sea safe Violent encounter with a set of brothers o Idas and Lynceus Different traditions of how they became in conflict with each other o 1—organized a cattle rave together, highly successful; afterward there was disagreement of how the cattle should be divided up o 2—Leucippus has 2 daughters, they are promised to the marriage of Idas and Lynceus o Dioscuri took the women for themselves Mortal fight between the sets of brothers o Idas and Lynceus are dead o Castor is mortally wounded o Pollux calls upon Zeus to allow him to share his immortal existence with Castor o Castor and Pollux will alternate being alive/being among the dead Contrasting pair—mortal v. immortal Similarities of Indic pair and Greek pair of divine twins 1. Both Indic and Greek twins are the Sons of the Sky God 2. Only one is literally biologically the son of the sky god 3. Contrasting pair o Morning v. evening mortal v. immortal 4. Rescuing mariners at sea o Dioscuri protect mariners during St. Elmo’s fire in times of storm o Asvins rescue a drowning man named Bhujya (R.V. 10.40.7) 5. Horse affiliations o asva—‘horse’ Intermediate node that is shared between Greeks and Indo-Iranians Pusan (Indic) Son of the Asvins ‘Child of the unharnassing’ God of travelers/road of journeys Associated with the journey that the sun makes east to west o The sun rides in a chariot—the driver of the chariot is Pusan o Conveying a divine being from place to place Sheppard/Flocks/Herds o RV 10.17—the chariot he drives is pulled by goats o “Sheppard of Creatures” o Asvamedha—sacrifice of a horse Also conveys ideas from place to place—messenger Operates as psychopomp (one who conveys souls from this life into the next) Similar to Hermes Pan (Greek God) Son of Hermes Goat affiliations o Hind legs of a goat and horns Earlier his name had 2 syllables o Paon *Pauson (reconstructed Paon to an earlier time) o Cognate to Pusan—common origin Surya Vedic God Principle sun god/solar deity o Cognate with sun Before him—there was another chief solar deity o Vivasvat Vivasvat and Saranyu (his wife) Saranyu’s father—smith god = Tvastr Children—twin children Yama and Yami o Vivasvat + Saranyu Contrast—male v. female o Yama (male) Yami (female) Contrast—dead v. living Yama is the 1 of all beings to experience death; becomes the God of the Dead Saranyu o Makes a clone of herself so she can get away without them knowing she’s gone o Clone—Savarna ‘having the same appearance’ o She changes herself into a horse The clone conceives a child= Manu o 1 human/man Vivasvat discovers that the clone isn’t his wife so he turns himself into a horse and finds Saranyu o In horse form—they conceive divine twins The Asvins Same tradition as Demeter and Poseidon o Had intercourse in horse form and she gave birth to divine twins too o One is a horse and the other is half Gandharvas Depicted as having a body of a man and the head of a horse (sometimes) o Mixture of anatomy o Similar to Centaurs Share some characteristics with Centaurs o Savage beings o Live in the wild—spirits of nature o Cultivated Associated with Nymphs (Greek) Apsaras(Indic tradition)—similar to nymphs in Greek tradition
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