CL 113 Lecture 24
CL 113 Lecture 24 CL 113LEC
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Monday April 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 04/04/16
Lecture 24: March 30 Apsaras Nymph like figures in Indic tradition Avestan word: gandereva Urvasi o Female Apsara o RV hymn—encounter her ex husband Pururavas o They separated because she is an Apsara and he is mortal o She is not allowed to see him completely unclothed o But she did by accident and disappeared Brahmanas—commentaries on the Vedas o This is where we get our background information (why Urvasi and Pururavas separated) Ixion (Greek) King of Thessaly Wants to seduce Hera (wife of Zeus) o Hera tells Zeus that Ixion tried to seduce her Zeus’ punishment= trapping Ixion with a clone of Hera o Ixion thinks the cloud clone is Hera o Turns him immortal and straps him onto a wheel that is on fire so he has to spend eternity burning up on a wheel Aka the sun o Leads us to believe he is a solar deity Cloud clone conceives a creature—Centaurus o Monster/new kind of being o He has intercourse with horses which leads to the birth of the Centaur race Similar to Indic tradition: Vivasvat who has intercourse with a clone of Savarna (same motif) Parallels of Ixion and Vivasvat traditions 1. Solar deity has intercourse with a clone of a goddess 2. Offspring of that intercourse is the progenitor of a race of beings 3. That same solar deity is responsible for the generation of a set of beings with horse like affiliations -Centaurs and Asvins The Word Centaur Greek: kentauros o Similar to Gandharvas o Regular alternation o They are not cognates though Proto-Indo-Iranian Greek Indo-Iranian & Greek Trifunctional/Transfunctional Deities 1 of 2 types: Gods of Beginnings or Gods of Endings Agni o Parallel to Vesta o Fire God o Latin cognate—ignis o Protects all—priests, warriors, and all others o Sometimes functions as a first and last god— occupies both positions Pales o Livestock o Sometimes presented as male or female st o Parilia—festival of pales April 21 Also the birth date of Rome 3 reasons for Parilia 1. For forgiveness o In case in the previous year, they accidentally violated some sacred space 2. To bring/give Protection to the herds/flocks 3. Bring an increase of livestock/ increase fertility among the animals Ingredients for fumigant 1. Blood of horse o Blood left over from a sacrifice performed on 10/15 (Ides of October) o Equus October (sacrifice of a horse) headed by Flamen Martialis Killed using a spear o The right-hand member of the chariot race winning team of horses is the one the Gods have chosen for the sacrifice o After the horse is sacrificed= 1. Tail is taken off (A runner takes the tail and runs it to the Roman Forum Regia to give to the king) 2. His head is cut off—there is a fight between Sacra Via and Subura for possession of it 2. Ashes of a calf o Found 6 days earlier on 4/15 there is a festival called Fordicidia where the Romans sacrifice pregnant cows—fordae Sacrificed to Tellus ‘earth’ o Vestal Virgins remove the fetal calves and burn them= the source of the ashes 3. Dry bean stalks
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