History 150: The Nazi State-2
History 150: The Nazi State-2 150
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Rusnak on Monday April 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Malone in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 04/04/16
4/4/16: The Nazi State 1 The Nazi State: Population and Family Policies. ***test questions*** Some members of the League of German Girls participated in Heinrich Himmler’s special program (19351945) to expand the ‘Aryan’ race. o Heinrich Himmler. Head of the S.S. and Gestapo Chief of Police. o Breeding program. Members of the S.S. had relations with some of the members of the League of German Girls. Gave a gift of pure Aryan race to the German population. After giving birth, they could keep the child or give it up for adoption. Adopted by members of the S.S or Nazi party. o Lebensborn (special maternity homes). Pregnant young women are taken care of. Defy social convention to please Hitler. o Examples of policies to encourage the “racially desirable” to reproduce: Encourage the “right” people to have children. June 1933: The Law to Reduce Unemployment included a Marriage Loan Scheme. o A German couple (carefully screened) could apply for an interestfree loan of 1,000 Reichmarks. Not eligible in Socialist or Communist. o Conditions: The future wife has to be employed and must leave her job upon marriage. Got omen out of the work force. o A supplementary decree state that: 1/4 of the loan would be cancelled for 1 child. 1/2 for 2 children. 3/4 for 3 children. The entire loan for 4 children. Results: o Between 1933 and 1943: 2 million men received a marriage loan. o They “repaid” the state with an average of 1.1 child per couple. o Hitler disappointed with the results. o It was less expensive to pay the rest of the loan than to have 4 children. 1939—Mother’s Day. o Mother’s Day became an official holiday in 1914. o Hitler decided to change how to celebrate the holiday. 4/4/16: The Nazi State 2 Acknowledge their contribution to the state with a medal. 3 million women were awarded the Honor Cross of the German Mother. o 4 children= bronze medal. o 6 children= silver medal. o 8 or more children= gold medal. v In the city: o 745 women received the gold medal. o Brought 7,372 children into the world. 18.425 child per couple. Mussolini in December 1940: o 58 Italian couples had between them 1544 living children. o 26.62 child per couple. Eugenics. o A program of racial engineering. o Intervene and engineer reproduction. 530% of the population should not be allowed to have children. o Hitler’s program to prevent the “racially undesirable” from reproducing: July1933: Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Diseased Offspring. Known as the Sterilization Law. o Whereas the hereditarily healthy families have for the most part adopted a policy of having only one or two children, countless numbers of inferiors and those suffering from 4/4/16: The Nazi State 3 hereditary ailments are reproducing unrestrainedly while their sick and asocial offspring are a burden on the community. o Anyone is hereditarily ill within the meaning of this law who suffers from one of the following illnesses: (a) Congenital feeblemindedness (b) Schizophrenia (c) Manic depression (d) Hereditary epilepsy (e) Huntington’s chorea (f) Hereditary blindness (g) Hereditary deafness (h) Serious physical deformities (i) chronic alcoholism. 250 Sterilization Courts were established “Hitlerschnitt”. o The largest percentage of people (53%) were sterilized on the grounds that they were suffering from “congenital feeblemindedness”. Process for making this diagnosis. Directors of institutions (ie. hospitals, prisons), welfare authorities, doctors, and employers put forward the names of people they believed to be suffering from “congenital feeblemindedness.” Intelligence tests examined for the ability to read, write, and do arithmetic, as well as for a knowledge of geography, history, and the name of Nazi leaders. By 1939: 320,000 people had been sterilized.