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Week 1+ 2 notes

by: Aliya Cook

Week 1+ 2 notes CLAS 202

Aliya Cook
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Notes on week one and two
Roman Life & Culture
Professor Mary Jaeger
Class Notes
Roman, Culture, life, Classics, 202




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Aliya Cook on Monday April 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CLAS 202 at University of Oregon taught by Professor Mary Jaeger in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Roman Life & Culture in Classical Studies at University of Oregon.

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Date Created: 04/04/16
Aliya Cook CLAS 202 04/04/2016 Classics Roman Life and Culture Early Dates  C. 1000 BCE earliest signs of settlement on the Capitoline; earliest known tombs in  forum valley  C. 900 BCE beginning of permanent settlement on the palatine  753 BCE Trad. “Founding” by Romulus  C. 600 Etruscan domination The Etruscans  Occupied the area north of the T. river  An indigenous Italian people related to the Villanovans  Art, architecture, shows Greek and Phoenician influence  Thought to have come from Libyans  Urns for ashes shaped like houses: Villanova hut urn  Etruscan is related to neither Latin nor Greek  Only language somewhat related to is a pre­Greek dialect  About 9,000 epigraphic texts: some are bilingual with greek at Delphi, with Punic at  Pyrgi in Italy  A linen book preserved in the binding of Egyptian mummy  Pyrgi Tablets: details the dedication of a king to a goddess  Loan­words from Latin and Greek to Etruscan  Some Etruscan words are theatrical: words that mean stage (scaena), actor (histrio), and  character (persona)  Our knowledge of the Etruscans comes from material culture, mostly tombs  Caere, modern Cerveteri: Necropolis  Mausoleum of Augustus: Rome c. 28 BCE  A strong interest in the afterlife, comes from the various forms of art in their tombs  Sarcophagi designed in ways that express the actual people, i.e. a man and a woman  sitting at a banquet, a man lounging on a bed eating something from a bowl with  inscriptions along the edge of the sarcophagi  Three­dimensional sarcophagi  A socially lively afterlife, some married women kept their own names; very  progressive/aggressive women in Liby  Wealthy community, especially in 800­500 BCE; rich in mineral resources, i.e. iron and  silver; agricultural fertility  Successful trade, considerable trade with gold and gems in these areas. Women lived  quite highly  Monteleone Chariot c. 530, found around 1902, Metropolitan Museum of Art, very small, bronze work of people fighting  Tomb paintings, people hunting and netting birds, as well as fishing on a boat  Achilles ambushing a Trojan warrior  Bucchero Pottery: red plate, fired with a kiln hot enough to stop up all the holes and  deprive the atmosphere of oxygen, which drew out the iron and left the pottery black  Architecture with three rooms behind pillars, no steps on the side  Pantheon: Rome—has a porch with a dome, pillars not all the way around like in Greek  architecture  Makes a big use of the arch  Etruscan insignia, used by the consuls i. Toga Praetexta ii. Sella Curulis iii. Fasces   Places where fasces were in accordance to Mussolini have been gouged out  For Americans fasces are much more liberating images Seven Kings of Rome  Romulus  Numa Pompilius  Tullus Hostilius  Ancus Marcius  L. Tarquinius Priscius (Tarquin the First) i. Comes from Tarquinni in the north ii. Livy carefully says that Lucumo is on the Janiculum when the omen appears ­ Wife claims this is a good omen iii. Lucumo must enter the city by the Pons iv. Livy also notes his entering into the city v. Demaratus of Corinth (father) ­ A refugee from a political upheaval ­ “happens to settle in a town called Tarquinii ­ Marries into a local family  Servius Tullus  L. Tarquinius Superbus (Tarquin the Proud) **Walls and Bridges are not Neutral; they are not simply infrastructure**


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