Week 1+ 2 notes
Week 1+ 2 notes CLAS 202
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Aliya Cook on Monday April 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CLAS 202 at University of Oregon taught by Professor Mary Jaeger in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Roman Life & Culture in Classical Studies at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 04/04/16
Aliya Cook CLAS 202 04/04/2016 Classics Roman Life and Culture Early Dates C. 1000 BCE earliest signs of settlement on the Capitoline; earliest known tombs in forum valley C. 900 BCE beginning of permanent settlement on the palatine 753 BCE Trad. “Founding” by Romulus C. 600 Etruscan domination The Etruscans Occupied the area north of the T. river An indigenous Italian people related to the Villanovans Art, architecture, shows Greek and Phoenician influence Thought to have come from Libyans Urns for ashes shaped like houses: Villanova hut urn Etruscan is related to neither Latin nor Greek Only language somewhat related to is a preGreek dialect About 9,000 epigraphic texts: some are bilingual with greek at Delphi, with Punic at Pyrgi in Italy A linen book preserved in the binding of Egyptian mummy Pyrgi Tablets: details the dedication of a king to a goddess Loanwords from Latin and Greek to Etruscan Some Etruscan words are theatrical: words that mean stage (scaena), actor (histrio), and character (persona) Our knowledge of the Etruscans comes from material culture, mostly tombs Caere, modern Cerveteri: Necropolis Mausoleum of Augustus: Rome c. 28 BCE A strong interest in the afterlife, comes from the various forms of art in their tombs Sarcophagi designed in ways that express the actual people, i.e. a man and a woman sitting at a banquet, a man lounging on a bed eating something from a bowl with inscriptions along the edge of the sarcophagi Threedimensional sarcophagi A socially lively afterlife, some married women kept their own names; very progressive/aggressive women in Liby Wealthy community, especially in 800500 BCE; rich in mineral resources, i.e. iron and silver; agricultural fertility Successful trade, considerable trade with gold and gems in these areas. Women lived quite highly Monteleone Chariot c. 530, found around 1902, Metropolitan Museum of Art, very small, bronze work of people fighting Tomb paintings, people hunting and netting birds, as well as fishing on a boat Achilles ambushing a Trojan warrior Bucchero Pottery: red plate, fired with a kiln hot enough to stop up all the holes and deprive the atmosphere of oxygen, which drew out the iron and left the pottery black Architecture with three rooms behind pillars, no steps on the side Pantheon: Rome—has a porch with a dome, pillars not all the way around like in Greek architecture Makes a big use of the arch Etruscan insignia, used by the consuls i. Toga Praetexta ii. Sella Curulis iii. Fasces Places where fasces were in accordance to Mussolini have been gouged out For Americans fasces are much more liberating images Seven Kings of Rome Romulus Numa Pompilius Tullus Hostilius Ancus Marcius L. Tarquinius Priscius (Tarquin the First) i. Comes from Tarquinni in the north ii. Livy carefully says that Lucumo is on the Janiculum when the omen appears Wife claims this is a good omen iii. Lucumo must enter the city by the Pons iv. Livy also notes his entering into the city v. Demaratus of Corinth (father) A refugee from a political upheaval “happens to settle in a town called Tarquinii Marries into a local family Servius Tullus L. Tarquinius Superbus (Tarquin the Proud) **Walls and Bridges are not Neutral; they are not simply infrastructure**
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