Nutrition Powerpoint 3
Nutrition Powerpoint 3 NUTR-23511-009
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amy Turk on Monday April 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to NUTR-23511-009 at Kent State University taught by Dr. Tanya Falcone in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Science of Nutrition in Nutrition and Food Sciences at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 04/04/16
NUTRITION POWERPOINT 3 ● key elements of nutrition labeling ○ nutrition facts panel ○ nutrient claims ○ health claims ○ structure and function claims ○ qualified health claims ● labeling laws ○ 1990 = nutrition labeling act by Congress ○ 1993 = FDA ● serving sizes ○ fruit juice = 6-8 ounces ○ cooked vegetables: ½ cup ● voluntary labeling ○ fresh fruits and veggies ○ raw meats ○ foods sold by local bakeries and food with packaging that is too small to fit labels ■ bite sized candy bars ○ restaurant menus ■ if labeled low fat or low calories, must display nutritional information ● mandatory labeling ○ total calories ○ calories from fat ○ total fat ● food enrichment and fortification ○ began in 1930s ○ rickets ■ vitamin D ○ goiter ■ iodine ○ pellagre ■ niacin ○ iron-deficiency anemia ■ iron ● enrichment ○ when germ and bran removed during processing ○ the replacement of thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, and iron lost when whole grains are refined ○ 1998… folate (as a B vitamin) added to refined products ○ corn meal, bread, rice, whole wheat flour, pasta ● fortification = the addition of one or more vitamins and/or minerals to a food product ○ gatorade, energy bars, orange juice ● food additive = any substance added to food that becomes part of the food or affects the characteristics of the food ○ ingredients in cake mix ■ sodium aluminum phosphate ● gives baked products a light texture ■ xanthan gum ● thickening agent ● helps hold products together after baking ● all foods that contain one or more ingredient must have a food label ○ listed in contribution to the weight of the food from highest to lowest ○ beverages that contain juice must list the percentage of juice in the ingredient labels ○ the name of specific color ingredients must be given ■ ex. caramel color ○ allergens = milk, eggs, fish, wheat ● health claims ○ approved by the FDA ○ benefits to disease prevention ○ whole grain foods and heart disease and certain cancers ○ soy and heart disease ○ saturated fat, cholesterol, and heart disease ○ calcium and osteoporosis ○ fruits and veggies and cancer ● labeling laws ○ have not gone through as much vigorous testing and obtained FDA approval such as drugs ○ under the same regulations as foods NOT of medication/drugs ○ cannot use the claims: ■ treat disease ■ cure disease ■ prevent disease ● dietary supplement labeling ○ supplement facts ■ serving size ■ ingredients ■ percent daily value ○ can be labelled with ■ health claims ■ structure and function claims ● unique to dietary supplement labels ● structure and function claims ○ description of effects the supplement may have on the body’s structure and functions ○ if a claim is made, it must be written that the FDA does not support the claim ■ “This product has not been evaluated by the FDA. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any diseases.” ● not regulated… may be unsafe ● examples: (structure and function) ○ Vitamin E ■ promotes healthy heart and circulatory system ○ St. John’s Wort ■ helps maintain mental health ○ Zinc ■ supports the immune system ● qualified health claims, when approved by the FDA, can only be used for 9 months during which the FDA investigates the claim/scientific agreement ○ if not supportive, they must drop the claim ○ ex. “There is supportive but not conclusive evidence that walnuts may reduce your risk of heart disease.” ● irradiated foods ○ in the food additive category ■ x rays ■ gamma rays ■ electron beams to kill insects, bacteria, molds, etc. ○ must display the “radura” symbol ● organic foods: has to be USDA approved in order to be “certified organic” ○ 100% organic: entirely organically produced ingredients ○ organic: at least 95% organic ingredients ○ made with organic ingredients: at least 75% ○ some organic ingredients: less than 70% ● organic foods ○ may still contain pesticides ■ crops ○ still contain less pesticides than non organic crops
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