Psychology 100 Chapter 9 & 10 Lifespan Development
Psychology 100 Chapter 9 & 10 Lifespan Development 100
Long Beach State
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This 17 page Class Notes was uploaded by Stephanie Notetaker on Monday April 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 100 at California State University Long Beach taught by Dr. Angela deDios in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at California State University Long Beach.
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Date Created: 04/04/16
Monday, April 4, y Chapter 9 & 10 Lifespan Development Developmental Psychology My background! Development through life What is “normal” development? What can impact development? The importance of cu lture Nature vs. Nurture Nature • Genetics • Maturation • Critical period Nurture • Environment Stages vs. Continuity Stages Continuity 1 Monday, April 4, y Stability vs. Change Stability Change Development Research Crosssec tional design • Multiple age groups • Study at one time point • Disadvantages Cohort effects Only measure at one time point 2 Monday, April 4, y Longitudinal design • Follow same people • Study over several years • Disadvantages Expensive, time consuming Participants drop out over time Cross-Sectional vs. Longitudinal Types of Development Physical development Cognitive development Socialemotional development Moral development Personality development 3 Monday, April 4, y Physical Development Prenatal development - • Germinal period Zygote • Embryonic period Embryo • Fetal period Fetus 4 Monday, April 4, y Childhood Adolescence Adulthood - Early Childhood Development • Born with most of the brain cells you will need Wiring is immature at birth • Motor development through maturation • Sense of hearing, smell, and touch are good • Vision is poorly developed Adolescence - • Puberty Growth spurt Menarche or spermarche Secondary sex characteristics Triggered by hormones Frontal lobes not fully developed - Emerging Adulthood • Identify exploration • Instability • Selffocus 5 Monday, April 4, y • Feeling inbetween • Age of possibilities • Brain development • Between ages 1825 • Transition into adulthood has become ambiguous • Markers of adulthood shifted from role transitions to less concrete attributes Take responsibility for your actions Make independent decisions Financial independence - Middle Adulthood • Declines in vision • Thinning/graying hair • Wrinkling skin • Loss in height, gain in weight • Menopause and andropause • Midlife crisis = myth - Late Adulthood • Changes are gradual • Blood pressure increases • Vision, hearing, and olfaction decline • Decline in cognitive and memory skills Cognitive Development 6 Monday, April 4, y Jean Piaget • Children tiny adults • Stage theory • Schemas Assimilation Accommodation Piaget’s Stage Theory Sensorimotor stage Preoperational stage Concrete operational stage Formal operational stage Sensorimotor Stage (birth - 2 yrs) Main goal = object permanence Preoperational Stage (2 - 7 yrs) Lack of operations • Problems with conservation (video) 7 Monday, April 4, y Egocent rism Animistic thinking Concrete Operational (7 - 11 yrs) Achieves conservation Can think logically about concrete objects Cannot think abstractly Video Formal Operations (11 and up) Abstract thinking Hypothetical thinking Imaginary audience 8 Monday, April 4, y Personal fable Vygotsky vs. Piaget Vygotsky • Construct knowledge Culture Language Social interactions • Zone of proximal development Social - Emotional Development Attachment 9 Monday, April 4, y Nature or nurture? What happens when there is no attachment? Harlow • Contact comfort Attachment Styles Ainsworth Strange situation Attachment Styles Attachment styles • Secure • Anxious/ambivalent • Anxious/avoidant • Disorganized/disoriented 10 Monday, April 4, y Why? Attachment Styles and Later Relationships Parenting Styles Baumri nd • 2 dimensions Control/demandingness Warmth/responsiveness 11 Monday, April 4, y Influence of Parenting Authoritative = better outcomes Correlation causation • Child temperament • Child’s expectations Influence of culture Moral Development Morality - Kohlberg Postconventional Conventional 12 Monday, April 4, y Preconventional Kohlberg’s Critics Is moral reasoning enough? Does this model apply to all cultures? Does this model apply to both genders? Personality Development Thomas and Chess Temperament Easy 13 Monday, April 4, y Difficult Slow to warm up Erickson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development Stage 1 Stage 2 Trust vs. mistrust Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt Birth age 1 Age 13 14 Monday, April 4, y Stage 3 Stage 4 Initiative vs. guilt Industry vs. inferiority Ages 36 Age 612 Stage 5 Stage 6 Identity vs. role confusion Intimacy vs. isolation Age 1220 Early adulthood Stage 7 Stage 8 Generativity vs. stagnation Ego integrity vs. despair Middle adulthood Late adulthood 15 Monday, April 4, y Death Death anxiety Shift to medicalization of death Righttodie/ dying with dignity Close to Death Kubler Ross 5 stages • Denial • Anger • Bargaining 16 Monday, April 4, y • Depression • Acceptance 17