Geography 101, Week 8 Notes
Geography 101, Week 8 Notes Geog 101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jensine Bonner on Monday April 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Geog 101 at Towson University taught by Henry L. Shupple in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Physical Geography in Geography at Towson University.
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Date Created: 04/04/16
Geography 101: Notes taken, interpreted, and formatted by: Jensine Bonner Week 8 of Notes: 3/28/16 Need to know: - The Water Cycle - Products of Condensation - (3) Products of Sublimation 3/30/16 Rising Air - The temperature and pressure will decrease - The volume expands - The relative humidity will increase Descending Air - The temperature and pressure will increase - The volume contracts - The relative humidity will decrease (4) Types of Atmospheric Lifting - Orographic Lifting The process of air rising over mountains in general, but this type of lifting specifically takes place when air rises over high mountains - Frontal Lifting The process of air rising over weather fronts - Convectional Lifting The process of heated air rising spontaneously (This is the #1 type of lifting in tropical regions due to high sun angels, etc.) - Cyclonic Lifting The upward spiral of air into the lower section of a well-developed storm Clouds Clouds are categorized by altitude. Specifically low, middle, and high clouds that are over a vertical extent. Cumulus Cirrus - Thin and wispy - Made up of ice crystals that are at a high altitude - Indicate approaching rain Cumulonimbus - Range over a vertical extent - Close to the surface, but yet extend high - Thunder storm clouds - Broad at the top Contrails - Very skinny, linear, and streaky - A white streak across the sky - Produced by jets most often - Condensation trail (When this takes place, sublimation can occur too) 4/1/16 Precipitation Any water that falls from the sky- the atmosphere (6) Precipitation Types - Rain - Snow - Drizzle - Hail - Sleet - Freezing Rain - Sleet: Ice which falls from the air with ice already formed before it hits the ground. A transitional type of precipitation. Snow-> rain or rain->snow - Snow: Originally crystals, they get sticky and then clump together and create snowflakes. - Hail: Occurs in the summer only, usually during severe thunderstorms - Freezing Rain: Liquid that turns to ice when it hits the surface, and for this reason, it is difficult to drive through. Factors affecting precipitation distribution 1) Latitude (pressure belts) 2) Continentality: How deep within a continent a particular place is found Cont. location- Drier - From ocean water vapor source Coastal Location- Wetter - Closer to areas with ocean water vapor source 3) Ocean currents - (Wetter) Warm ocean currents- East Coast - (Drier) Cold ocean currents- West Coast 4) Mountains Found in areas of high mountain regions - Windward side- wetter - Lee ward side- drier (facing away) Isohyet A line which connects points of equal precipitation amounts Atacama Desert - The driest place on Earth - There is a cold ocean current - There is a rain shadow effect End of Week 8 notes. I hope that they were helpful to you. Notes will be uploaded weekly, so be sure to come back again! - Jensine