World History, Week 9 notes
World History, Week 9 notes Hist 102-004
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Loretta Hellmann on Monday April 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 102-004 at Western Kentucky University taught by Marko Dumancic in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see WORLD HISTORY II in History at Western Kentucky University.
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Date Created: 04/04/16
Week 9 notes Monday, March 28, 2016 10:32 AM Second wave of Economic Colonialization Modes of economic exploitation 1. Forced labor- natives were obligated to perform public works Produce raw materials 2. Production of cash crops- investment in local production Damages environment/ lack of diversity Damages soil/ecosystem Most profit goes to Europe Mono-crop is bad for economy because if you can't produce this crop anymore for some reason, your economy tanks because that's all you made a profit from 3. Wage labor- (in European owned plantations, mines, etc.) Migrant labor Displaces local population, and destabilizes the place they're going to by taking away jobs from the local economy. Messes with gender balance because mostly men will be migrant workers, sent somewhere else for work Domestic Factors Huge population explosion But didn’t expand territorially Government didn’t grow with the population (not taxing efficiency, not building enough roads, schools, etc) Agriculture and industry couldn’t keep up with population (not enough food) They weren't industrializing o No industrial revolution o No factories o Massive unemployment All this results in Taiping Uprising o Wanted: land redistribution o Gender equality But segregation o Universal health care o Industrialization Local govt. took care of the rebellion b/c Beijing couldn’t even take care of it b/c they're collapsing Weakening of central govt. and strengthen of local govt. Had to export a large majority of silver to pay for the opium External Pressures First Opium war o Demonstrated central govt. couldn't control trade o Mass addiction -> bad for economy o Had to pay all they silver for the opium. Silver outflow but nothing to show for it o War results in china becoming more dependent on Euro Technology o Ended with treaty on Nanjing As china becomes more dependent, local authorities benefit French Japanese 1850s 1838-1842 1856-58 1850-64 Internal factories made China weak and allowed for external pressures to exist in the first place. Japan as a global power 1853: Matthew Perry's black ships- US demanded that Japan trade with other countries and threatened them with force China is an example of what to avoid Central power strong enough to defeat local landlords US civil war gave japan some breathing space Everyone was watching china and wasn't paying attention to Japan because China is a bigger prize Before Pacified but not unified o Ran by local landlord shogunate Emperor was symbolic- didn’t actually do anything No centralized currency, each state had their own Social class was strictly hierarchical Cultural isolation, Only traded with one country (Dutch) Feudal, rural, agricultural After Centralized govt. o Led by emperor o Abolished military positions (samurai) to centralize military Now had a national currency/ and centralized taxes Very fluid class systems Now had governors Conquered Taiwan and Korea Opened up ports to other countries- westernization Industrial, urban, capitalist
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