Lecture 19 - Components of an Organization
Lecture 19 - Components of an Organization ORSC 1109
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Leslie Ogu on Monday April 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ORSC 1109 at George Washington University taught by Costanza, D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Organizational Sciences in Humanities and Social Sciences at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 04/04/16
Leslie Ogu ORSC 1109 04/04/2016 Components of an Organization Last Class ● Different strategies ○ Functional ○ Business (*Alignment) ○ Corporate ○ Global different type of global strategies ○ National culture is what makes the strategies different Org Technology – Transformational Characteristics ● Tools/equipment ● KSA’s (Knowledge, Skills, Abilities) ○ Implies it is people biased ● Tech occurs at different evels ○ Individual – KSA’s that individual has, singular person ○ Department / Functional – group or department of transformational characteristics ○ Organizational – all department / functional changes come together for the organization Organizational Effectiveness ● Tech allows for the acquisition oexternal resources ● Internal Systems – tech is used to help organization carry out other tasks ● Technical Application – use tech to help org do what it does but better Technology ● Tech ⇒ New Organizations ● Tech ⇒ New Theories Woodward Model – thinks about tech in terms of complexity ● Made idea of Programmability – being able to control the technology ● Levels of Programmability ○ Small Batch – high customiz;, specialized; can only produce once, small volume ■ Like a painter or custom clothes maker ■ Low complexity ■ High levels of flexibility ■ Technology is expensive ○ Large Batch / Mass production – standard, classic assembly line ■ Complexity medium ■ Medium flexibility ■ Lower cost ○ Continuous – maximum level of complexity and programmability ■ Complexibility is high ■ Flexibility low ■ Cost very low ● Want to know about a org’s tech look at org’s structure ○ Technology ⇒ Structure Perrow Model – looked at Tasks ● Want to understand tech look at tasks in an org ● Variability – number of unique and common tasks ○ same tasks, then no variability ● Analyzability – to what extent are the tasks routine or not ● Combinations of variability and analyzability creates different tasks ○ Low variability, High analyzability = Mass Production ● Tasks drive org structure ○ Tasks ⇒ Structure Thompson Approach – focuses on interdependence of the people ● How the people effect the changes ** ● Type of Interdependence ○ Mediating / Pooled – We are reliant on each other only to extent that the overall effect of the org is combined ■ Everyone works together to achieve goal