Reading: Hock 14 - Just How Are You Intelligent?
Reading: Hock 14 - Just How Are You Intelligent? APSY.UE.0002
Popular in INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY AND ITS PRINCIPLES
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianda Hickey on Monday April 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to APSY.UE.0002 at NYU School of Medicine taught by Adina Schick, in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY AND ITS PRINCIPLES in Psychlogy at NYU School of Medicine.
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Date Created: 04/04/16
Reading: Hock 14 - Just How Are You Intelligent? Howard Gardner: introduced tot he world a new view of multiple intelligence Expanded the notion of intelligence into many diﬀerent mental abilities, each possessing in itself the characteristics of a complete, “free-standing” intelligence Theoretical Propositions Theory on multiple intelligences (MI Theory) stem from Gardner’s research on the brain’s structure diﬀerent regions of the brain have evolved to carry out speciﬁc tasks related to thinking and knowing Brain specialization may be demonstrated by observing exactly what abilities are lost or diminished when a person experiences damage to a particular region of the brain Gardner contends that diﬀerent parts of the human brain are responsible for diﬀerent aspects of intelligence, or more correctly, diﬀerent intelligences altogether. Method Gardner developed a set of eight indicators that deﬁne an intelligence. Any intellectual ability must map onto most of these criteria if it is to be considered a separate, autonomous intelligence 1. Potential isolation of the intelligence by brain damage the ability of a speciﬁc mental ability to be destroyed through brain damage or it remains relatively intact when other abilities have been destroyed 2. The existence of savants, prodigies, and other exceptional individuals relating to the intelligence 3. A clear set of information-processing (thinking) operations linked to the intelligence an ability must involve a speciﬁc set of mental processes (core operations) that exist in speciﬁc areas of the brain and are triggered by certain kinds of information 4. A distinctive developmental history of the intelligence and the potential to reach high levels of expertise 5. Evidence that the intelligence has developed through evolutionary time the skills involved would show evidence of evolutionary development, based on cross-cultural research and observations of similar types of abilities in nonhuman animals 6. Ability to study the intelligence with psychological experiments 7. Ability to measure the intelligence with existing standardized test 8. Aspects of the intelligence may be represented by a system of symbols Ex. math, human language Results Through the process of elimination (using the above model) Gardner originally suggested seven distinct human intelligences, later adding an eight, and has recently proposed a ninth Linguistic Intelligence you are able to use words in ways that are more skillful, useful, and creative than the average person. Musical Intelligence gifted abilities involving sound, especially pitch, timbre, and rhythm earlier of all intelligences to emerge Logical-Mathematical Intelligence enables you to think about, analyst, and compute various relationships among abstract objects, concepts, and ideas High levels of this intelligence may be found among mathematicians, scientists, and philosophers Also present in individuals who are obsessed with sports statistics, design computer code, or develop algorithms as a hobby Spatical Intelligence skilled in creating, visualizing, and manipulating mental images come naturally and easily to those in various visually oriented professions or avocations (artists, architects ect.) Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence physical intelligence possess strong bodily kinesthetic intelligence, you are very aware of your own body and bodily movements and are skilled in using and controlling your body to achieve various goals or eﬀects Intrapersonal Intelligence the ability to be aware of and understand who you are, your emotions, your motivations, and the sources of your actions exist in varying degrees among humans Interpersonal Intelligence skills similar to those of intrapersonal intelligence, but they are outward directs - focused not eh feelings, motivations, desires, and behaviors of other people Naturalist Intelligence the ability to recognize and classify plants, minerals, and animals, including rocks and grass and all variety of ﬂora and fauna Possible Ninth Theory: Existential Intelligence the human proclivity to ponder the most fundamental questions of existence
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