Chapter Thirteen Textbook Notes
Chapter Thirteen Textbook Notes PSY 1001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alisa Notetaker on Tuesday April 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 1001 at Temple University taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Elementary Psychology in Psychlogy at Temple University.
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Date Created: 04/05/16
Social Psychology: is the study of how peole influence others behaviors, beliefs and attitudes Helps us understand why we act the way we do Humans are highly social species 150 is the magic number for most human social groups when deprived of social contact for elongated periods of time we become lonely Need to belong theory: we humans have a biologically based need for interpersonal connections Perceptual Salience: attributions often based on what is most obvious to us Threat of social isolation can lead us to behave in self destructive ways and impair mental functioning Conformity, obedience and many other forms of social influence become maladaptive only when they’re blind or unquestioning Social comparison theory: theory that we seek to evaluate our abilities and beliefs by comparing them with those of other Mass hysteria: contagious outbreak of irrational behavior that spreads much like a flu epidemic Attributions: assigning causes to behavior Fundamental attribution error: tendency to overestimate the impact of dispositional influences on other peoples behavior Personality traits, attitudes and intelligence Influenced by culture Conformity Gender doesn’t seem to matter much when it comes to conformity Culture does Deindivuduation Groupthink: emphasis on group unamity at the expense of critical thinking o ‘devils advocate’ tends to reduce group think Group polarization: tendency of group discussion to strengthen the dominant positions held by individual group members Cult: group of individuals who exhibit intense and unquestioning devotion to a single cause Inoculation effect: approach to convincing people to change their minds about something by first introducing reasons why the perspective might be correct and then debunking them Obedience Adhere to instructions from those of higher authority Pluralistic ignorance: error of assuming that no one in a group perceives things as we do The more people present at an emergency the less each person feels responsible for the negative consequences of not helping = diffusion of responsibility Social loafing: phenomenon whereby individuals become less productive in groups Aggression Attitude: belief that includes an emotional component Cognitive Dissonance theory: unpleasant mental experience of tension resulting from two conflicting thoughts or beliefs o Effort justification: dissonance from extra effort or cost o Insufficient justification: dissonance from behavior inconsistent with attitude without sufficient reason Self perception theory: theory that we acquire our attitudes by observing our behaviors Impression management theory: theory that we don’t really change our attitudes but report that we have so that our behaviors appear consistent with our attitudes Compliance Both positive and negative moods can increase rates of compliance Men likely to help in heroic ways Women likely to help in long term commitments