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Chapter Thirteen Textbook Notes

by: Alisa Notetaker

Chapter Thirteen Textbook Notes PSY 1001

Marketplace > Temple University > Psychlogy > PSY 1001 > Chapter Thirteen Textbook Notes
Alisa Notetaker
GPA 3.55

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Psychology: From Inquiry to Understanding (3rd Edition) Scott O. Lilienfeld, Steven J Lynn, Laura L. Namy, Nancy J. Woolf
Elementary Psychology
Class Notes
Psychology Textbook Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alisa Notetaker on Tuesday April 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 1001 at Temple University taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Elementary Psychology in Psychlogy at Temple University.


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Date Created: 04/05/16
 Social Psychology: is the study of how peole influence others behaviors, beliefs and  attitudes   Helps us understand why we act the way we do   Humans are highly social species   150 is the magic number for most human social groups   when deprived of social contact for elongated periods of time we become lonely   Need to belong theory: we humans have a biologically based need for interpersonal  connections   Perceptual Salience: attributions often based on what is most obvious to us   Threat of social isolation can lead us to behave in self destructive ways and impair  mental functioning    Conformity, obedience and many other forms of social influence become maladaptive only when they’re blind or unquestioning   Social comparison theory: theory that we seek to evaluate our abilities and beliefs  by comparing them with those of other   Mass hysteria: contagious outbreak of irrational behavior that spreads much like a  flu epidemic   Attributions: assigning causes to behavior   Fundamental attribution error: tendency to overestimate the impact of  dispositional influences on other peoples behavior   Personality traits, attitudes and intelligence   Influenced by culture  Conformity  Gender doesn’t seem to matter much when it comes to conformity  Culture does  Deindivuduation  Groupthink: emphasis on group unamity at the expense of critical thinking  o ‘devils advocate’ tends to reduce group think   Group polarization: tendency of group discussion to strengthen the dominant positions held by individual group members   Cult: group of individuals who exhibit intense and unquestioning devotion to  a single cause   Inoculation effect: approach to convincing people to change their minds  about something by first introducing reasons why the perspective might be  correct and then debunking them   Obedience  Adhere to instructions from those of higher authority   Pluralistic ignorance: error of assuming that no one in a group perceives  things as we do   The more people present at an emergency the less each person feels  responsible for the negative consequences of not helping = diffusion of  responsibility  Social loafing: phenomenon whereby individuals become less productive in  groups  Aggression   Attitude: belief that includes an emotional component   Cognitive Dissonance theory: unpleasant mental experience of tension  resulting from two conflicting thoughts or beliefs  o Effort justification: dissonance from extra effort or cost  o Insufficient justification: dissonance from behavior inconsistent with  attitude without sufficient reason  Self perception theory: theory that we acquire our attitudes by observing our  behaviors  Impression management theory: theory that we don’t really change our  attitudes but report that we have so that our behaviors appear consistent with  our attitudes   Compliance  Both positive and negative moods can increase rates of compliance  Men likely to help in heroic ways  Women likely to help in long term commitments


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