New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Intro Sociology chapter 6 notes

by: RachelB

Intro Sociology chapter 6 notes Soc 1020

Marketplace > University of Cincinnati > Sociology > Soc 1020 > Intro Sociology chapter 6 notes
GPA 4.0

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

chapter 6- Deviance and Social Control
Intro to Sociology 1020
Professor Lambert
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Intro to Sociology 1020

Popular in Sociology

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by RachelB on Tuesday April 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 1020 at University of Cincinnati taught by Professor Lambert in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology 1020 in Sociology at University of Cincinnati.

Similar to Soc 1020 at UC


Reviews for Intro Sociology chapter 6 notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 04/05/16
Sociology 1020 Buckel Professor Lambert Chapter 6- Deviance and Social Control What is Deviance?  Deviance- any violation of norms (not just crime)  Determining what is deviant: not the act itself, but reactions to the act  “Deviance” is a nonjudgmental/neutral term  Relative Deviance- what is deviant to some is not deviant to others  Stigma- characteristics that discredit people o Ex) Some main campus UC professors have stigma against students that come from UC Blue Ash o Ex) norm of appearance- birthmarks, burn victims, big ears Norms and Social Control  Norms- How society expects you to act in certain situations; make behavior predictable by laying basic guidelines for how we should play our roles and interact with others o Without norms, there would be social chaos  Social Control- group’s formal and informal means of enforcing norms through sanctions Competing Explanations of Deviance  Sociobiologists- look for answers inside individuals (NOT SOCIOLOGISTS) o Genetic predispositions  Ex) Men with extra Y-chromosome = criminals  Ex) men with “squarish” muscle type = street crime  Psychologists- focus on abnormalities within individuals o Personality Disorders  Deviant personalities lead to deviant behavior  No particular personality is associated with deviance  Sociologists- look for answers outside individuals o Socialization, membership in subcultures, social class (Education, wealth, occupational prestige) Differential Association Theory  Edwin Sutherland and Differential Association Theory o From different groups we associate with, we learn to deviate from or conform to society’s norms o “Excess of definitions” lead us to one side or the other  Families o In-group- strong influence on social behavior o Ex) 50% of prisoners have a father, mother, sibling or spouse that has served time in prison Control Theory  Two control systems work against our motivations to deviate o Inner Controls  Based on strength of attachments, commitments, involvements, and beliefs  Ex) morality, conscience, religious principles o Outer Controls  Ex) family, friends, police Labeling Theory  Labels, the significance of reputation, and how reputations help determine our path of deviance or conformity  Rejecting labels and neutralizing deviance o Denial of responsibility, injury, or victim: condemnation of the condemners; loyalties  Some groups embrace their labels o Ex) outlaw biker gangs  Power of labels o Ex) “Saints” and “roughnecks”- the “saints” were treated better and with more promise and therefore they were more successful in life (college, etc) than the “roughnecks” Can Deviance be Functional?  Emilie Durkheim and 3 functions of deviance: o 1. Clarifies moral boundaries and affirms norms o 2. Promotes social unity o 3. Promotes social change  Robert Merton and Strain Theory o How mainstream values produce Deviance:  We lean to desire cultural goals (ex. Possessions, wealth, prestige)  “The American Dream” o Most use institutional means to achieve them (education, hard work, etc.) o Those who lack access to institutional means experience strain and take deviant paths  Innovators- Can’t use conformity/institutionalized means to reach goal  make their own way  Ritualism- Reject the cultural goal, but still wake up and go to work every day with a different, personal goal  Retreatism- monks, nuns, etc.- remove themselves from cultural goals  Rebellion- reject and replace goals and means to achieving them  Illegitimate Opportunity Structures o Social class produces distinct styles of crime o Street crime o White- collar crime  Individuals and corporations as criminals  Ex) Sears, Macy’s, Bloomingdales, Citigroup o Changing gender roles and crime rates The Conflict Perspective  The Criminal Justice System (CJS) o The police, courts, and prisons that deal with people accused of committing crimes  CJS as an instrument of oppression o Conflict theorists regard power and social inequality as main characteristics of society o Argue that he notion the law treats everyone equally to bring justice is a cultural myth o Arrests, charges, and sentencing vary by race, gender, and social class  Ex) the Death Penalty by geography, gender, race-ethnicity o Disproportionate Representation- if you make up a small % of the population, but are greatly represented in a certain area (ex. Prison Populations) Reaction to Deviance  Street crime and Prisons o 2.3 million in jail and prison (1 in 135 citizens) o More prisoners than any other nations o African Americans disproportionately represented o Effects of race, sex, marital status, and education o 3 Strikes Law- 3 felonies = life in prison  Decline in violent crime o Deterrence vs other factors  Ex) higher employment, drop in drug use, heroin epidemic and crime  Recidivism o Within 3 years, 62% of prisoners are rearrested and 52% are sent back to prison  Legal Change o Ideas of what constitutes crime changes from one society to another, between groups within the same society, and over time (as opinions and power shift)


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.