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Environment 101

by: Lauren Vagnoni

Environment 101 ENVIR 101 002

Lauren Vagnoni
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

Climate change Ch 14
Intro to Environment
Daniel Taylor Brantley (P)
Class Notes
Environment 101
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Vagnoni on Tuesday April 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENVIR 101 002 at University of South Carolina taught by Daniel Taylor Brantley (P) in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Intro to Environment in Art at University of South Carolina.


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Date Created: 04/05/16
Environment Ch 14 (continued) Climate change affects society  Health o Heat waves and stress can cause death o Respiratory ailments, expansion of tropical disease o Drowning, disease, and sanitation problems  Economics o Cost outweighs benefits of climate change o Gap between rich and poor will widen  People with less wealth and technology will suffer most (When poor in a third world country, that may not be an option)  Impacts vary by region o Where we live will determine how we experience the impacts of climate change o In the U.S. Global Change Research Program’s 2014 National Climate Assessment, Scientists reported and predicted  Temperature increase  Worse droughts and flooding  Decreased crop yields  Water shortages  Health problems and diseases o Predictions from two climate models  Temp increases will be much smaller is emissions are lowered  From the IPCC Are we responsible for climate change?  Scientists agree that increased greenhouse gases are causing global warning o Increase in greenhouse gases due to the burning of fossil fuels  More and more influential people and everyday citizens have concluded that climate change is escalating and we must begin to respond  Most people accept it & are searching for solutions  Mitigation o Pursue actions that reduce greenhouse gas emissions to lessen the severity of climate change o Includes energy efficiency, renewable energy, protecting soil  Adaptation o Pursue strategies to minimize its impacts on us o Includes seawalls, coping with drought and less water, etc  We need to pursue both We are developing solutions in electricity generation and transportation  We burn coal to make energy  Electrical generation  Strategies to reduce fossil fuel use: o Conservation, efficiency, o Cogeneration  Carbon capture o Removes CO2 from power plant emissions  Carbon storage (Sequestration) o Storage of carbon underground o Currently, we cant store enough CO2 to make a difference o Just because we cant store it now doesn’t mean its not a viable option  Automobile is highly inefficient  Solutions o Drive fuel-efficient, hybrid  Agriculture o Sustainable land management lets soil store more carbon o Reduce methane emissions from rice and cattle o Grow renewable biofuels  Forestry o Reforest cleared land, preserve existing forests o Adopt sustainable forestry practices  Waste management o Treat wastewater o Generate electricity by incinerating waste o Recover methane from landfills o Individuals can recycle, compost, reduce, or reuse goods We will need multiple strategies  There is no magic bullet for mitigating climate change  Just 15 strategies can eliminate 1 billion tons of carbon per year by 2050 if deployed on a large scale


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