Psyc 474, Week 10 notes
Psyc 474, Week 10 notes Psyc 474
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Clarissa Hinshaw on Tuesday April 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 474 at Northern Illinois University taught by Ellen Lee in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Psychological Basis of Sexuality in Psychlogy at Northern Illinois University.
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Date Created: 04/05/16
Chapter 12: Contraception and Abortion Abstinence is the only 100% way to prevent pregnancy. Coitus interruptus: aka ‘pulling out’, removing the penis from the vagina before ejaculation. Ancient Egyptians used to clean their vaginas with wine and garlic after sex to prevent pregnancy. Barrier methods have been around for a long time. Condoms used to be made out of animal intestines. Condom: a sheath put over the penis to prevent pregnancy and STIs. As more people began using contraception, there were more political opponents. There used to be a law banning the advertisement of contraception. When birth control became more available, it was only legal for women who were married. The pill became available in 1960, followed by the legalization of abortion in 1973. Since then the government has tried to put various restrictions on abortion. Many religious groups, including the Roman Catholic Church disapprove of artificial contraception. The pill is the most popular form of birth control for young, unmarried ciswomen. Combination pill: a pill containing estrogen and progesterone. o This pill fools the brain into thinking the women is pregnant, so an egg won’t be released. o Taken 3 out of 4 weeks, placebo taken during period. o Increases the thickness of cervical mucus. Minipill: a pill containing progesterone only. o Taken every day of the cycle. There are also brands of pills which decrease the number of periods. Failure rate is low, but increases with typical use. May reduce fertility for a short time after stopping, but no longterm effects. Does not interfere with sexual sensation. Reduces menstrual cramping and can prevent some cancers and diseases. Does not protect against STI’s, lowers effectiveness of antibiotics, and requires a doctor’s appointment. Cause have side effects, not recommended for ciswomen with certain health problems. The morning after pill has high dosages of estrogen and progesterone. Prevents fertilization or implantation. Must be taken within 72 hours after sex. Because of the high hormone dosage, nausea is a common side effect. Recommended only for emergency situations. Common following rape of condom breakage. The patch works similarly to the pill. More effective when used correctly. Of the shots, Lunelle is similar to the combination pill, but injected once a month. Depo Provera is similar to the mini pill, injected 4x per year. The shot is reversible, but ovulation may take a few months to return. Intrauterine Device (IUD): A plastic rod placed in the uterus Vasectomy: a procedure where the vans deferens of a cisman is cut and tied. Women are sterilized by having their fallopian tubes cut and tied. Chapter 13: Sexuality in Childhood and Adolescence Children start masturbating from birth Comprehensive sex ed leads teenagers to make more safe and responsible decisions. Children seem to adjust just fine to samesex parents Some teens want their first time to happen, others don’t, others have mixed feelings about it. Teen pregnancy has gone down in recent years.
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