Reading Media Critically COMM 3300.002
Reading Media Critically COMM 3300.002 Comm 3300-002
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nicholas Notetaker on Tuesday April 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Comm 3300-002 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Lisa Bell in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Reading Media Critically in Communication Studies at University of Texas at Dallas.
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Date Created: 04/05/16
Reading Media Critically March 9th & 23rd, 2016 Let us recap Semiotics and Marxist critique: Semiotics what do symbols signify to viewers and the signification behind it. Marxism what affects what and who gets a voice in the media and either confirms or denies values. Looking at what perspectives are being presented. Marxist critique is more systematic while psychoanalytical is inward The new type of critique is known as Psychoanalytical critique, these are the purposes of this critique: Looks at the inward visual of individuals, aka in their mind Reflecting the notion of how our conscious and unconscious minds function: Unconscious vs. conscious How do media texts reflect our mental drives towards unity or pleasure and desire What does it tell us that the author could not say explicitly There are three parts to the human mind: the Id, the Ego, and the Superego The Id or pleasure principle is the part of the mind that satisfies desires. EXAMPLE) if you want a soda you grab a soda o Pleasure is anything that allows us to transcend every day reality Superego or morality principle is the part of the mind that governs morality against the Id. EXAMPLES) you want to buy a soda but you need that money for an errand and that soda may not be good for you. The Ego or Reality principle is the mediation between desire and morality. EXAMPLES) I want to buy a soda, but I need the money today, so tomorrow I will have a soda. When viewing a media, these questions can be asked: How is the show constructed through symbols that illustrate the pleasure principle vs. the reality principle vs. the morality principle Looking for evidence of unresolved emotion, guilt, ambivalence, etc Where you see signification that communicates something that happens at a different level I suggest watching Adventure Time with Finn and Jake the tower, and analyze it using these Psychoanalytical critique questions and strategies. Here are some Psychoanalytical terms Voyeurism looking from the outside o Camera scope represents a phallic object Male gays when photos weak women or dominates women, constructs woman as powerless or objects Condensation indicate representation of several ideas or images by a single word or image o guns, metaphor Displacement representation of a part by the whole, or in the substitution of one idea or image by another which is associatively connected with it o crown, metonymy Camera lens focuses, captures, assigns, imprints, zooms, represents, to capture an ideal image Defense mechanisms used by the Ego to control instincts and ward off anxieties o Denial not believing, actively rejecting something, wishfulfilling fantasies o Repression refusing the emotions or instincts in that moment, blocking all desires cause they hurt o Suppression conscious decision to move the emotions out of the mind Denial vs. repression vs. suppression To have a better grasp at understanding Psychoanalytical critique and defense mechanisms I suggest watching the TV show Buffy the Vampire Slayer The Body, Season 5 episode 16. I do warn you that this episode is very heart wrenching but I cannot spoil the plot for you.