Intro to Theatre, Week 10 Notes
Intro to Theatre, Week 10 Notes CO 1503
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebecca Smith on Tuesday April 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CO 1503 at Mississippi State University taught by William Stockstill in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Intro to Theatre in Communication at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 04/05/16
Intro to Theatre Modern Theatre History th Prior to the 19 century, Restoration and Romantic style theatre produced non-realistic, over the top acting styles Melodramatic was the new vogue in American theatre Presentational theatre- over the top acting 1850’s- art and intellectual critics of France demanded an objective observation on the surrounding world o Romantics perceived the world as emotional Move towards objectivism establishes realism o Objective: art must depict the real world so viewers can make up their mind about how to feel o Artists do this by focusing on now and capturing everyday life (present facts) Henrick Ibsen Born 1828 Norwegian playwright Father of modern realism Play A Doll’s House is the beginning of the Realism movement in Europe o Realistic domestic trouble portrayed in a realistic setting and acting in front of an audience o Worldwide phenomenon and controversy Some places rioted due to the controversial ending and realistic portrayal of the characters/actions Makes audiences uncomfortable because hits too close to home Stanislavsky From Moscow, Russia Made modern realistic acting Applied psychological teachings to approach acting in a realistic manner Stanislavsky and Chekhov o Russian playwright in the late 1800’s o Worked with Stanislavsky at the MAT o Plays were realistic in characterization and action o Included a massive amount of subtext for the actors to portray on stage The Fourth Wall The idea that in a realistic drama, the audience was like a voyeur, peering through an invisible wall at the action within Invisible to the actors, pretend walls are still there In realism, the actors did not “break” the fourth wall meaning they didn’t address the audience Non-Realistic Theatre Developed as a reaction to Realism o Theatre should not be realistic o The world doesn’t make sense therefore art reflects it We suspended our disbelief for realistic theatre Epic Theatre and Brecht Bertolt Brecht o German theatre director o Purpose of theatre is social change Epic theatre o Very harsh theatre o Goal is for social change and engaged the audience as an active participant o Shouldn’t be too emotionally attached so Brecht takes emotion out so audience can make decisions o Alienation technique Theatrical techniques used to highlight the theatricality of the production Characters know they are characters This constantly reminds the audience that they are watching a okay They are then free to make decisions on the play’s actions and theme o Examples Projections Contradicting lyrics- song happily sung with extremely depressing lyrics Direct audience address Musicians fully exposed to audience Absurdist Theatre Europe had known war for three straight decades in the early 20 century The entire continent was ravaged and dislocated again and again Art reflects society and how people view the world Existentialism Principle o Religion, society, and government don’t work together because humans are responsible for their own actions o The search and journey for true self and true personal meaning in life Asked the big questions o Why are we here? o What does all this mean? o Who am I? Principles of existential thought o Human free will o Human nature is chosen through life choices o The best of you comes out when you’re fighting for own life o Big decisions cause stress and consequences o There are things that are not rational o Society is unnatural and religious and secular rules are arbitrary o Worldly desire is futile Jean Paul Sartre o Said God did not exist o Conforming to values and rules set forth by others is pure madness Albert Camus o Human condition was absurd o We long for order in an inherent universe of chaos o People fight and struggle to make sense of their lives in a senseless environment The Glass Menagerie Realistic o Relatable characters Tom longs for adventure, wants to be a poet, get away from current situation Amanda has good intentions, but goes about it the wrong over-the-top way Laura is limited by disability, a sad characters, and is different from others o Relatable conversations Nonrealistic o Breaks fourth wall o Projections and music o Only works with southern dialect Tragedy o Characters fail the American Dream o Tom escapes to adventures through movies and drinks, at home he escapes to fire escape, and he finally escapes when he’s had enough and joins the Merchant Marine o Laura escapes to glass collection o Amanda escapes to past
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