HIST150 The Nazi Party
HIST150 The Nazi Party History 150
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Foster on Tuesday April 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Malone in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 04/05/16
HIST150 The Nazi State 1933-1939 Important event • January 30, 1933—Hitler became Chancellor of Germany Enabling Act • March 1933—Hitler got the Reichstag (German Parliament) to pass theEnabling Act. This act granted Hitler unlimited power for 4 years. • Changes the democracy • They would bring bread and work to the people Hitler’s Economic Programs Public works project, rearmament • Unemployment • Bug impact o Public works o Constructed § Bridges § Canals § High way system Autobahn o 1933-38, a little more than 1800 m iles of the autobahn had been constructed, went through mountains, no speed limit o More people who are unemployed will find jobs from Hitler rearmament programs than from the public works programs o Winter of 1932 -6 M people were unemployed, 1937 —less than 500,000, by 1939, there was virtually no unemployment Wanted to reshape the nation • Boys be trained to be soldiers, women be housewives and make children • YOUTH o (1) Youth organizations—Hitler Youth (males aged 10-18) and the League of German Girls (females aged 10-18) o By 1939—7.3 million youths had joined these groups § Favorite part was the camping trip because they could be trained without parental guidance Nazi Party Rally • *****Hitler addressing the youth at the 1934 Nuremberg Rally (annual Nazi Party rally) o Message: Be obedient to him; they are the heart of what Germany will become; be altruistic; sacrifice yourself for the greater to Germany; no ranks and classes (reform) (2) The Nazi Education System • Were taught Jews started WW1 • Blamed for the Treaty of Versailles • Caused inflation • Are communists The Nazi State: Population and Family Policies League of German Girls • Some members of the League of German Girls participated in Heinrich Himmler’s special program (1935-1945) to expand the ‘Aryan’ race • Lebensborn (special maternity homes) o Those who were pregnant were sent to these homes o When they gave birth, they kept or gave up the child for adoption o Over 12 thousand children were produced • Gift a gift of the “pure Aryan child” to the state Quality of Population • Examples of policies to encourage the “racially desirable” to reproduce: • June 1933— the Law to Reduce Unemployment included a marriage loan scheme o A German couple (carefully screened) could apply for an interest-free loan of 1,000 Reichmarks. o Conditions: The future wife has to be employed and must leave her job upon marriage o A supplementary decree state that 1/4 of the lion would be cancelled for 1 child; 1/2 for 2 children; 3/4 for 3 children; the entire loan for 4 children. o Results: Between 1933 and 1943—2 million men received a marriage loan; they “repaid” the state with an average of 1.1 child per couple Mother’s Day • Big public national holiday • Distribute meddles to mothers • The Honor Cross of the German Mother o “The prolific German mother is to be accorded the same place of honor in the German Volk community as the combat soldiers, since she risks her body and her life for the people and the Fatherland as much as the combat soldier does in the rear and thunder of battle Bronze: 4 Silver: 6 Gold: 8+ • 1939—Mother’s Day—3 million women were awarded the Honor Cross of the German Mother Eugenics • Eugenics—a program of racial engineering —Hitler’s program to prevent the “racially undesirable” from reproducing: • July1933— Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Diseased Offspring —known as the Sterilization Law • Racial experts in Germany said 5-30% of the pop. should not be allowed to have children • Sterilization courts (250) were procee ded over a lawyer and two doctors • “HItlerschnitt” (the Hitler cut) • Excerpt from the section explaining the rationale of this law: o Whereas the hereditarily healthy families have for the most part adopted a policy of having only one or two children, countless numbers of inferiors and those suffering from hereditary ailments are reproducing unrestrainedly while their sick and asocial offspring are a burden on the community. o Anyone is hereditarily ill within the meaning of this law who suffers from one of the following illnesses: o Congenital feeble-mindedness o Hereditary blindness o Schizophrenia o Hereditary deafness o Manic depression o Serious physical deformities o Hereditary epilepsy o In addition, anyone who suffers from o Huntington’s chorea chronic alcoholism can be sterilized • *****The largest percentage of people (53%) were sterilized on the grounds that th ey were suffering from “congenital feeble-mindedness” o Directors of institutions forwarded the names of people o Tests: intelligence tests examined for the ability to read, write, and do arithmetic, as well as knowledge on Nazi leaders, geography, and history o Test that evaluated values: § Why does one study? § Why and for whom does one save money? § Why should one not bum even one’s own house? § If you won the lottery, what would you do with the money? § How do you plan your future? § What is the meaning of fidelity, piety, honor, modesty? § What is the opposite of bravery? • Test was rendered invalid • Gov. decree to sterilization courts: o Class biased: against working class, for the middle class • By 1939—c. 320,000 people had been sterilized
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