New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

FDNS Metabolism Notes

by: alk88738

FDNS Metabolism Notes FDNS 2100

GPA 3.5

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Metabolism slides filled out. I typed the missing notes this time instead of printing out the slides and filling them out that way.
Human Nutrition and Food
Tracey Brigman
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Human Nutrition and Food

Popular in Child and Family Studies

This 21 page Class Notes was uploaded by alk88738 on Tuesday April 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FDNS 2100 at University of Georgia taught by Tracey Brigman in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Human Nutrition and Food in Child and Family Studies at University of Georgia.

Similar to FDNS 2100 at UGA

Popular in Child and Family Studies


Reviews for FDNS Metabolism Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 04/05/16
Metabolism Extraction of energy from food (absorbed molecules) Energy: Fuel for Work • Energy source  Chemical energy in carbohydrates, fat, protein • Food energy to cellular energy  Stage 1: digestion and food  Stage 2: absorption and transport of molecules to tissues and organs  Stage 3: breakdown of molecules and production of energy within cells What is Metabolism? • Catabolism Reactions that break down compounds into small units • Anabolism Reactions that build complex molecules from smaller ones Chemical Reactions in the Body Transfer of Energy in the Body Coupled Reactions: energy released from the breakdown of one compound is used to create another compound Energy can be captured by some molecules and transferred to other molecules e.g. ATP (cell’s energy source; “the currency of cells”) What is Metabolism? • Cell is the metabolic processing center  Nucleus  Cytoplasm  Cytosol + organelles • ATP is the body’s energy currency  Form of energy cells use • NAD and FAD: transport shuttles  Accept high energy electrons for use in ATP production Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) Breakdown and Release of Energy • Extracting energy from carbohydrate  Glycolysis  Pathway splits glucose into two pyruvate  Transfers electrons to NAD  Produces some ATP  Pyruvate to acetyl CoA  Releases CO2  Transfers electrons to NAD  No energy produced Glycolysis Breakdown and Release of Energy • Extracting energy from carbohydrate  Citric acid cycle (=TCA cycle)  Releases CO2  Produces GTP (like ATP)  Transfers electrons to NAD and FAD  Electron transport chain  Accepts electrons from NAD and FAD  Produces large amounts of ATP  Produces water  End products of glucose breakdown  ATP, H2O, CO2 Pyruvate to Acetyl CoA Breakdown and Release of Energy • Extracting energy from fat  Split triglycerides into glycerol and fatty acids  Beta-oxidation  Breaks apart fatty acids into acetyl CoA  Transfers electrons to NAD and FAD  Citric acid cycle  Acetyl CoA from beta-oxidation enters cycle  Electron transport chain  End products of fat breakdown  ATP, H2O, CO2 Triglyceride Hydrolysis Fatty Acid Oxidation Breakdown and Release of Energy • Extracting energy from protein  Split protein into amino acids  Split off amino group  Converted to urea for excretion  Carbon skeleton enters breakdown pathways  End products  ATP, H2O, CO2, urea • Can enter at numerous spots of the cycle depending on the amino acid • Can produce glucose Urea Excretion Urea Synthesis Break- down and Release of Energy Biosynthesis and Storage • Making carbohydrate (glucose)  Gluconeogenesis: uses pyruvate, lactate, glycerol, certain amino acids • Storing carbohydrate (glycogen)  Liver, muscles make glycogen from glucose • Making fat (fatty acids)  Lipogenesis: uses acetyl CoA from fat, amino acids glucose • Storing fat (triglyceride)  Stored in adipose tissue Biosynthesis and Storage • Making ketone bodies (ketogenesis)  Made from acetyl CoA  Inadequate glucose in cells • Making protein (amino acids)  Amino acid pool supplied from  Diet, protein breakdown, cell synthesis Special States • Feasting  Excess energy intake from carbohydrates, fats, proteins  Promotes storage Special States • Fasting  Inadequate energy intake  Promotes breakdown  Prolonged fasting  Protects body protein as long as possible


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.