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Notes on Elections and Campaigns

by: Torie Pierce

Notes on Elections and Campaigns POLS 1101 096

Marketplace > Clayton State University > General Science > POLS 1101 096 > Notes on Elections and Campaigns
Torie Pierce
Clayton State
GPA 2.67
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These notes cover whats going to be in the next exam
American Government
Dr. Augustine Ayuk
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Torie Pierce on Tuesday April 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1101 096 at Clayton State University taught by Dr. Augustine Ayuk in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 64 views. For similar materials see American Government in General Science at Clayton State University.

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Date Created: 04/05/16
What is an election campaign- an organized effort to persuades voters to choose one candidate over others, competing for the same office -tend to be candidate centered not party centered as in the past Studying election campaigns -the political context -Incumbents-generally have an advantage over challengers because they have name recognition and superior campaign organizations because they already were elected before. -challengers -availability of financial resources -aggressive fundraising campaign -personal financial resources -financial contributions from friends/supporters -strategies and techniques for winning a campaign -campaign managers/consultants will: -seek endorsements from prominent individuals or organized groups for their candidates -arrange for candidates to speak at meetings for organized groups -organize focus groups to test voter reactions on issues -engages in research on important issues -public relations campaign to build a positive image of the candidate -Going for the undecided voters -Two categories for people who run for public office -Self-starters- get into political race on their own to gain publicity to further their career outside the electoral process or because of a commitment to a cause -Recruited candidates- are recruited by party bosses -qualifications to run for public office at the federal level -President of the United States -Natural born U.S citizen (Only office that requires a candidate to be a natural born citizen) -35 years of age -must be resident of United States for at least 14 years -Senate -must be at least 30 years old -Must be a citizen of the U.S (Natural born or naturalized) -Must have resided in the U.S for 9 years -U.S House of Representatives -Must be 25 years old -Must have resided in United States for 7 years - Must be a citizen of the U.S (Natural born or naturalized) In GA- Governor- must be at east 30 House of Representatives- Must be at least 21(Avg age is 58. Federal) Senate-25 years of old (Avg age is 61. Federal) Amendments: 12 - electors are required to vote separately for president and vice president. -because of what happened with Abe Lincoln and Andre Johnson 22 - limited presidents term of office to two four year terms rd 23 - gave District of Columbia 3 Electoral College votes 17 -allowed the people to vote directly for their senators 5 stages of General Election: Pre-nomination – Individuals who want to run for office start their preparations and try to raise funds and gain support. Also form exploratory committees- help to determine whether an individual to continue their campaign or not Nomination campaign- Primary and Caucuses is held to determine delegates who will attend the national convention and vote for candidates National Convention-Party nominees showcase the president and vice president, Party platform is written, and tell why you should vote for them General Election campaigns-Presidential debates between the top nominees Electoral College decision: Mechanism used in selecting the president of the United States. Votes for each state is based on number of House of Representatives and 2 senators. Need 270 votes to be president. (Andrew Jackson was the first president in American history to win the popular vote but not win the Electoral College) Party ticket -political parties select people to run as the presidential and vice presidential candidates in the general election Factors that influence selection of vice presidential running mate -Geographical and regional balance -ideological balance -balance of experience -character and personal demeanor Safe Seat -a congressional seat from a district that included a high percentage of voters from one major parties Marginal Seat- a seat in congressional district that could go either democratic or republican Presidential primary-statewide election where voters elect delegates committed to a particular candidate for the national convention -delegates will represent the state at the parties Caucus- local meetings at which party members choose delegates and provide input as to who their party should nominate into office Types of primary elections: -Closed primary-only individuals who are registered with the party can vote for the candidate that’s in the same party -Open Primary-Voters are restricted to voting for candidates of a single political party. Party affiliation not required -Blanket primary-voters may choose to vote for candidates in both parties -From January to June of a presidential election year: There are 4233 delegates in Democratic Party, need 2383 to be nominees Republicans have 2286, need 1237 Super delegates: members of U.S house of Reps, Senators, state and territorial governors, distinguished party leaders, etc -make up 20% of total delegates Jimmy Carter: first president from state of Georgia, first presidential candidate to appeal to primary voters directly. -Was seen as a low-key outsider who was not the first pick of the party power elites/ Elections: procedure by which voters choose candidates to determine who shall hold public office -3 types of elections -maintaining elections: reflects incumbent parties identification with the voters, most elections fall under this category -results in political continuity -critical Elections -results in permanent realignment of the electorate due to dissatisfaction with policies, performances in office or other factors -some change parties -Reinstating Elections- reflects normalcy. Reinstating elections take place after devastating elections. -


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