Critical Approaches to Literature HUMA 3300.001
Critical Approaches to Literature HUMA 3300.001 HUMA 3300.001 (Ming Dong Gu)
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HUMA 1301 (Chinese Humanities with Ming Dong Gu)
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HUMA 3300.001 (Ming Dong Gu)
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nicholas Notetaker on Tuesday April 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HUMA 3300.001 (Ming Dong Gu) at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Dr. Ming Dong Gu in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 61 views. For similar materials see Critical Approaches to Literature in Arts and Humanities at University of Texas at Dallas.
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Date Created: 04/05/16
Critical Approaches to Literature January 12th14th, 2016 Course Objectives: To learn basic ideas and approaches of major schools of literary theory Materials: His Coy Mistress by Andrew Marvell Young Goodman Brown by Nathaniel Hawthorne Everyday Use by Alice Walker The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain Hamlet by William Shakespeare Frankenstein By Mary Shelley What is precritical response? Common senses used in reading and emotions aroused in reading process Emphasis on nutrition not on technical skills of criticism Intuitive insights and crude materials for sophisticated criticism Basic terms and concepts for literary studies: Setting: Time and place where the story takes place; Kinds of settings: Single settings and multiple settings Single/simple: the setting does not go beyond a single place and time Multiple/complex: the setting progresses beyond a single location throughout the story Story: a story involves events in a chronological order by a narration in a natural way and not an artificial way Plot: holds a reason or a cause, this is called a contrived sequence of events making it an artificial way Plot structure: The relatedness of actions the gradual buildup in suspense from a situation full of potential to a climax o A plot often involves one or multiple conflicts: a struggle between protagonist and antagonist Freytag's pyramid: o Exposition: basic development of plot o Rising action: further developing plot o Climax: biggest moment of the book o Falling action: the story starts to end o dénouement: happy, tragic or neutral ending, but ending none the less Character: subject of the story, can be human or animal Antagonist: villain, person of interest usually a villain Protagonist: hero or heroine, person of interest usually good Flat character: characteristic trait of being straight forward with no deviation o Ex) Polonius in hamlet Round character: Characteristic trait shows twists and turns, thus his character develops in a surprising way. o Round characters are also ambiguous Character ambiguity: Role of ambiguity in characters, were you can't tell who is good or bad Points of view: o First person The protagonist is the narrator, uses I o Third person He or she observes person and events o second person person uses you o Omniscient God point of view, as if the writer is a god, he can even enter the minds of the characters Structure: o Long complex structures versus short poemsTo his coy mistress o Classical tragedy Hamlet o Ambivalent structuresadventures of Huck Finn and young good man brown Style: verbal characteristics of a literary work o Plain, Ornate, Spare, Understated (Hemingway) o sophisticated (Oscar Wild) o Compressed, highly allusive (T.S. Eliot) o Learned and polished (To His Coy Mistress) o Magnificent verse (Hamlet) o Serious and solemn (Young good man brown), dialect (Huck Finn) o Dialect(Hamlet) Allusion: alluring to something, someone, or someplace in history Atmosphere: mood in the story, Refers to the mood or feeling which permeates an environment. o Ethereal and dreamy like Alice and wonderland o Erie locales and stormy weather in Frankenstein o panicky in red badge of courage o suspense and terror in Edgar Allen Poe o indifference and listlessness; brutal and violent, gloomy and foreboding in Hamlet o farcical and dramatic in Huck Finn Theme: o Universal message, what is the story is all about o Simple or complex, and can be felt or thought; less likely to be part of a pre critical response o A theme is not the story; simply put what does it all mean? o It is the underlying ideas or messages of the action in a literary work o A literary work may have more than one theme o Obvious theme as the message in uncle tom's cabin o Implicit theme in Robin Hood o Profound theme in Macbeth, the scarlet letter o Multiple themes in Hamlet, Ulysses o You can tell what literary work is good and is not a good by looking at the themes o There is never a single theme to explain a work