Critical Approaches to Literature HUMA 3300.001
Critical Approaches to Literature HUMA 3300.001 HUMA 3300.001 (Ming Dong Gu)
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HUMA 1301 (Chinese Humanities with Ming Dong Gu)
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HUMA 3300.001 (Ming Dong Gu)
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nicholas Notetaker on Tuesday April 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HUMA 3300.001 (Ming Dong Gu) at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Dr. Ming Dong Gu in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Critical Approaches to Literature in Arts and Humanities at University of Texas at Dallas.
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Date Created: 04/05/16
Critical Approaches to Literature January 19th21st, 2016 His Coy mistress: Is about a man asking a woman for "sex" Love poem Wants to court her They were separated by a gap as wide as the gap of India and England He will spend his whole life loving her body (first stanza) His coy mistress, set in the 17th century but unknown about the setting The characters are the man and the woman Persona or personae: Problem about persona is that it mentions I and you, we cannot tell if I is the author because if they write it may not be in the first person Analyzing His Coy Mistress: He must sell his reasons to her to make her fall in love He does not have much time to still be coy Carpe diem: seize the day Theme of the poem was to enjoy your time while you may as shown in the line: "Now let us sport us while we may" Life is not eternal, death is not eternal, and death is inevitable Theme of the poem, death is inevitable, but because it is we need to enjoy our time together Memento mori: memory death, remember you will die It is structured elegantly Chapter 2 Traditional approach Overview An introduction to three major traditional approaches: 1)textual 2)Historical biological 3)Mortalphilosophical Covers genre and allusion Offered applications of all three approaches Outline and major points: why are traditional approaches called such What is old historicism Historicism: ideas and conception of history Old historicism: theory that history is a record of past events New historicism: history is not a record, it is really a narrative of past events Past events were not facts but narratives someone narrates the past version of the past events all history is written down as texts History is not any different from story, they are different in degree but not in kind Historical classification of literary works; biographical in orientation; emphasis on mimetic accuracy; source study, allusions to older literary works Abuses and criticism: The old historicism was criticized for its various drawbacks. This makes it give way to formalism, or new criticism, but later on the latter in turn was followed by a return to historicizing, giving rise to new historicism Textual scholarship: do we have an accurate version of what we are studying? General observations: Due to various reasons, different versions of a literary work exist and textual critics try to research and edit a work in order to establish an accurate, authentic text, or what the writer is believed to have intended. Technically called "definitive version" Textual corruption: many mishaps befall a manuscript before it is published. Textual critics strive for an accurate text; hamlet and Huckleberry Finn have famous textual problems. Authors issue revised versions. Textual critics are not scientists but make educated judgments Collation of textual variants; emendation or conjecture; concerned with such matters as spelling, punctuation, capitalization, italicization, and paragraphing (accidentals) It's ultimate aimed at a satisfactory text The role of textual study: E.g. Pound's editing of TS Eliot's the wasteland from a clumsy and diffuse poem to a modern classic Text study in practice: Hamlet: "O that this too too "solid" flesh would melt." Solid or sullied? Matters of Genre: what are we dealing with? An overview of genre: inspired by Aristotle's poetics scholars engage in efforts to determine the type of text and identify that genre's special features in its form as a short story, poem, novel, or drama, etc. Definition of genre: Criticism of kinds or typese, a traditional way of approaching a piece of literature by considering what it belongs to Genre characteristics in particular "to his coy mistress" as lyric and a metaphysical poetry; Hamlet as tragedy; adventures of Huckleberry Finn as picaresque with antihero; young good man brown as gothic mood; everyday use as plot analysis; Frankenstein as epistolary novel Poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings Lyric poems: hold emotions Narrative poems: poem that tells a story or an event Source study: Did earlier Writings Help This work come into being? Also called "genetic approach". It is concerned with "how a literary work came into being, and what influences were at work to give it exactly the quality that is has." (Princeton Dictionary of poetry and poetics), especially as shown through the use of allusions Def: the growth and development of a work as seen through a study of the author's manuscripts during the stages of composition of the work Key elements in source study: contexts, allusions, authors' notes and letters. Historical biographical approaches General observations This approach sees a literary work chiefly if not exclusively, as "a reflection of its author's life and times or the life and times of the characters. In the work." Nearly all literature is open to historicalbiographical analysis. Historical fiction is even more so: Walter Scott: Ivanhoe; Dickens: A Tale of Two cities; Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's. Cabin Historical and Biographical approaches in practice "To his coy mistress" Marvell's life, politics, and career; courtly love traditions, biblical and Greek allusions Hamlet Court of Queen Elizabeth I; condition of melancholy, theme of revenge Moral and philosophical approaches General observations approaches that go back to Plato, Horace, Samuel Johnson, but has stayed relevant to modern readers. They examine the moral and philosophical issues in a text, focusing mostly on what it says, what is being taught in the text, not on its form and techniques. Based on the argument: the function of literature is to educate and to delight; to explore Philosophical issues Key points: Emphasis on moralism and utilitarianism Education, entertainment and explore issues about life and other issues are the three major functions of literary works Syllogism: poem that has a large premise, a small premise, and then a conclusion. Young Goodman brown review: Characters: YGB young man, newly married, wants to go on a journey, has an appointment with the old man, was not resolute to follow the devil, fears the forest cause he will be going to a witch's gathering, woke up from the dream of vision and realized what he meant, at the end his attitude changes with his wife and neighbors as cold and nonchalant instead of being close and kind, Faith the wife of YGB, does not want him to leave, part of the witch gathering, was about to be baptized into the witch's group Devil/ middle aged man meets YGB in the forest, explains that they had an appointment with the old man, knows father very well Goody Cloyse devout Christian, taught YGB, part of the witch gathering Deacon Grookin part of the witch gathering, part of the clergy Minister part of the witch gathering Puritanism: Oldest American faith who wanted to purify the Christian church Setting: Salem Theme: Lose of innocence dark and light, in the day they are faithful people but at night they are seen as witches at witches gathering Hypocritical Everyone in the story is hypocritical except the devil, he is dark throughout the story unlike his followers Autobiographical: Nathaniel hawthorn's grandfather was the head judge of the witch hunts...Nathaniel's purpose of the story was not just to denounce witch hunts or witch trials but to dispute the Puritan doctrine