Bureaucracy Notes POLS 1337
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chris Notetaker on Wednesday April 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1337 at University of Houston taught by Andrea Eckelman in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see US Govt: Congress,Pres & Crts in Government at University of Houston.
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Date Created: 04/06/16
Bureaucracy – Andrea Eckleman Independent Administrative Agencies o A host of independent administrative agencies are each responsible for a more narrowly defined function of the national government o Structurally, independent administrative agencies look like cabinet department, with a single head appointed by the president o However, there agencies are independent because Congresses and presidents place them outside of the cabinet department. o In addition, these agencies have a varying level of independence from the president o Examples: CIA, EPA, NASA, NLRB, NTSB, SSS, SSA Independent Regulatory Commissions o Independent regulatory commissions are bureaucracies outside of the cabinet departments with the authority to develop standards of behavior for specific industries and businesses, to monitor compliance with these standards, and to impose sanctions on these it finds guilty of violating the standards o Consumer Products Safety Commissions, FCC, OSHA Government Corporations o Like private businesses, government corporations sell a service or a product; but unlike private businesses, they are government owned. o A bipartisan board typically directs each government corporations Examples: the Post Office, PBS, NPR, Amtrak o A subset of government corporations are governmentsponsored corporations, wherein a company isn’t owned by the government, but it is partially funded by the government Examples: Freddie Mac, Fannie Mae and Sallie Mae Federal bureaucrats’ roles in public policy o Agenda Setting o Policy Formation o Policy Approval o Resources Allocations o Policy Implementation – Bureaucratic discretion most power o Policy Evaluation Administrative rule making o Creation of the Administrative Procedure Act in 1946 in response to concerns about the lack of transparency in administrative rule making o It is so important that you know what’s going on and make your voice heard Andrea Eckleman