Week 1 Lecture & Reader Notes
Week 1 Lecture & Reader Notes SOC-S 100
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Margaret Guenther on Sunday February 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC-S 100 at Indiana University taught by Eric Wright in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 106 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at Indiana University.
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Date Created: 02/01/15
Week 1 Lecture Notes Mills the idea that the individual can understand his own experience and gauge his own fate only by locating himself within his period p 5 Sociology is the scientific study of the connection between the individual and social structure Social Construction an idea or practice that a group of people agree exists 0 Maintained over time by people taking its existence for granted 0 What people think and do are products of culture and history Socialization the processes through which children develop an awareness of social norms amp values and achieve a distinct sense of self 0 An explanation for social order 0 Norms re ect divisions of power amp class Emile Durkheim 0 Study of suicide examined the anomie that comes when social constraints break down during periods of social change 0 The main dynamic of modern development in the division of labor as a basis for social cohesion and organic solidarity 0 Durkheim believed that sociology must study social facts as things just as science would analyze the natural world His study of suicide led him to stress the important in uence of social factors qualities of a society external to the individual on a person s actions Durkheim argued that society exerts social constraint over our actions Marx 0 The main dynamic of modern development is the expansion of capitalism Rather than being cohesive society is divided by class differences 0 Marx believed that we must study the divisions within a society that are derived from the economic inequalities of capitalism 0 The main dynamic of modern development is the rationalism of social and economic life 0 Weber focused on why Western societies developed so differently from other societies Also he emphasized the importance of cultural ideas and values on social change 0 Symbolic Interactionism exchanges of symbols through social interaction Mead one s sense of self develops through interactions with others Interactions with others teach individuals how to act what to say and what to think Fanctionalism society is made up of parts that carry out functions that contribute to the whole Microsociology symbolic interactionism is microsociology because it focused on facetoface interaction Macrosociology functionalism amp Marxism are macrosociology because of their study of social institutions political amp economic systems industrialization and globalization Capitalism economic system that emerged in Europe during the 16th and 17th centuries Organized around the concept of capital the ownership amp control of the means of production by those who employ workers to produce goods and services in exchange for wages 0 Three Relationships 1 Workers 2 The means of production factories machines tools 3 Those who own or control the means of production Division of Labor Durkheim focused on the shift in societies from a simple society to one that is more complex 0 Traditional Societies homogenous people that were more or less the same in terms of values religious beliefs amp backgrounds 0 Modern Societies complex division of labor beliefs amp backgrounds Manifest Functions the recognized and intended functions Latent Functions the unrecognized and unintended functions Bureaucracy formal organization with a hierarchy of authority amp a clear division of labor emphasis on impersonality of positions amp written rules communications amp records Anomie a condition in which social control becomes ineffective as a result of the loss of shared values amp of a sense of purpose in society Power Individuals and groups use power to promote their interests Power is exerted through force rules laws amp ideologies Week 1 Reading Notes 1512015 Media Comprehension Giddens 310 C Wright Mills wanted to understand how an average person in the US understood an average day of his life Thought everyone lives in a small orbit so our worldview is limited by our social situations of everyday life ie family small groups we re a part of school ever dorm life Argued that we need to overcome our limited perspective by having sociological imagination Sociological Imagination the application of imaginative thought to the asking amp answering of sociological questions Someone using the sociological imagination thinks himself away from the familiar routines of daily life Social Structure the underlying regularities or patterns in how people behave and in their relationships with one another Social Construction an idea or practice that a group of people agree exists It is maintained over time by people taking its existence for granted 0 Example college administration system criteria for admission has shifted depending on the historical amp demographic trends as well as changes in university leadership One purpose of sociology is to disentangle what is biological from what is socially constructed 0 Sex vs Gender Sex of a child biological and the gender child being a boy or a girl Gender is socially constructed and sex is biological Socialization the social processes through which children develop an awareness of social norms amp values amp achieve a distinct sense of self Although socialization processes are particularly significant in infancy amp childhood they continue to some degree throughout life No individuals are immune from the reactions of others around them which in uence amp modify their behavior at all phases of the life course