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by: Dilraj Cambow
Dilraj Cambow
Intro to Psychology
Dr. Winters

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Intro to Psychology
Dr. Winters
Class Notes
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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dilraj Cambow on Sunday February 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 110 at University of Miami taught by Dr. Winters in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Miami.


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Date Created: 02/01/15
What is the role of interpersonal relations in personality and emotional health 21215 0 Personality a person s unique patter of thinking unique emotional world unique patterns refers to consistency in who you are and will be 0 relies on specifying characteristics of the individual standing alone not in relation to others Interpersonal theory regarding emotional health in terms of the nature and quality of interpersonal relationships 0 Idealself person you want to be defined in terms of goals 0 what feature is most important in determining emotional health that the individual has chosen an idealself motivation to have a sense of worth and value How do people develop sense of worth and value starts at home motivated to become connected with others experiencing unconditional positive regard is critical to becoming validated to have a sense of worth and value called core value and to become connected 0 ldealizedself individual needs to be accepted and valued by others but sometimes a person believers that his or her trueself authentic self is too flawed and has too many limitations or simply ordinary O person creates an idealself that is idealized one that is easy for others to accept exceptional stellar qualities extraordinary person believes that the fictitious person is more acceptable and convinces himherself that heshe is the fictitious person ex child believes that something is wrong with him creates idealized person that is more authentic means that the person can only validate himself by experienced validation but not core validation Core Validation vs Experienced Validation 0 Core comes from interpersonal relationships in which the individual experiences unconditional positive regard accepting someone regardless of flaws or shortcomings Experienced comes from everyday experiences such as reaching a goal being successful being liked by others meeting the approval of others being admired and meeting expectations Fundamental selfconflict people whose idealself is idealized are said to have not adequately resolved a conflict that most everyone faces 0 Natural self inborn characteristics problem arises when these inborn characteristics conflict with what is expected of the individual by society I example Boys don t cry Be a man gender role cultural differences 45 year old boy hits ball off T gets out and starts crying Coach said boys don t cryquot Fundmental selfconflict boy is naturally emotionally expressive but is now told that boys don t cry Student from Sri Lanka wanted to be a doctor but was expected to be a businessman role prescribed by his family problems becomes between what he wants and what his family wants Salesman who was shy and not competitive role prescribed by his father every day was full of misery as a salesman Couple who parents did not want them to marry 0 Performance Principle she must measure up to certain standards to feel that she has value said to have conditions of self worth ex JP man with performance anxiety had to play his role idealized self well to have a sense of worth and value Salesman who was shy and noncompetitive role prescribed by father 0 Emotionally health individuals have an idealself that is more achievable authentic and realistic know and accept limitations shortcomings frailties and flaws O individuals who seek to be authentic can enter into close interpersonal relationships 0 Case histories 0 Bill the sore loser gt characterize a type A personality 0 Harry D the princequot 0 Ann quotthe anorexicquot o Valerie the problem solverquot o MK quotthe actressquot 0 Allen F quotthe man with no emotionsquot 3 basic Interpersonal Orientations o Toward Interpersonal Orientation 0 characterized by concern for the wellbeing of the significant other most common around lovedones 0 Against Interpersonal Orientation 0 the individual is trying to excel relative to someone else seeks respect admiration and esteem of others 0 Away Interpersonal Orientation 0 an individual stands alone such that a decision be made that does not meet the approval of others decisions require independence self reliance and being your own personquot ex choosing a career or a mate drug use 21715 Emotionally Healthy individuals 0 Toward with family and friends 0 Away situations requiring independence and selfreliance such as choosing a career or a mate 0 Against situations in which the individual is trying to excel relative to someone else to win his respect admirations and selfesteem Emotionally unhealthy individuals o rely on one of the three Interpersonal orientations 0 live by a performance principle and all three have an idealself that is idealized 0 found a way to validate themselves experienced value by showing the characteristics of their idealizedselves good motto for against interpersonal orientation 0 I am better than superior to youquot 0 example in which person showed an Against Interpersonal Orientation when it would have been appropriate to show a Toward Interpersonal Orientation O woman showing off to her friends knowledge of wines having a better car went to a better college have a nicer house make more money have children who do better than your child have more friends High school girlfriend competing in a world literature class resentful when she had better grades on papers or exams SNL with Penelope why the Toward personality Away personality and the Against personalityareDisconnected 0 lack of authencity 0 self consumed focus on self ego and its validation experienced 0 Sense of worth and value are continuously changing Emotionally healthy individuals seek the approval of others want to be liked by others Toward try to be selfsufficient and selfreliant in certain situations Away try to excel in competitive situations Against They also seekexperienced value 0 An unhealthy individual 0 feels wortliess when she falls short of her idealself which is idealized 0 requires continual validation so often develop a behavioral addiction 0 Runs from the truth by nontruth telling and psychological defenses O psychological defenses lying to oneself so much that one is actually deceived 0 can t form interpersonal relationships examples of psychological defense mechanism 0 Reaction Formation adopting and expressing attitudesbehaviors that are the extreme opposite of the underlying real attitudes and behavior 0 being excessively friendly toward a person you intensely dislike 0 Projection attributing one s own acceptable desires motives or feelings to another person 0 a woman continually accuses her romantic partner of having an affair when she herself is having one 0 Terms to know 0 1 Toward Away and Against Interpersonal Orientations Individual s behavior in social situations is different depending who she is around friends a competitor standing alone 0 2Toward Personality Away Personality and Against Personality People who show the same orientation disposition in all social situations 0 3HToward HAway and HAgainst personalities The H stands for healthy 0 HAgainst have a natural self that is competitve and in terms of temperament has a tendency to show the Against orientation but still can show Toward and Away orientation HToward have a natural self that is not competitive but instead is more socially orientated and is more focused on relationships with other people but still can be competitive Against and be self reliant Away HAway natural self that is more selfreliant and less competitive socially orientated but can still form interpersonal relationships Toward and be competitive Against 0 How Against Personality validates himself 0 Type A admired by others because of his accomplishments and success 0 Conforming Admired by others by being the person they want her to be Accomplished by meeting their expectations doing what he ought to do and should do to perfection conforming to the rules being morally superior o Narcissistic Admired for just being himself often from family wealth and status physical attractiveness or special abilities such as intellectual musical athletic abilities Case histories 0 Bill the sore loserquot 0 Type A Against personality attorney consumed by his work little time with family no friends similarly as student spent most time studying validated through admiration and esteem of others Talk others down when he was successful at something demeaning and insulting to others winner whenever he lost at something his anger and verbal abuse are examples of active externalization active externalization mismatch between the idealself and life experiences resolving a conflict by victimizing others faultfinding critical abusive reflected in defensiveness and interpersonal behaviors active and passive externalization 21915 0 Harry D the princequot 0 narcissistic personality Against personality seek to be admired by others fishing for compliments validated by attention from others gifts and compliments and self talk what he says about himself to others exaggerated sense of selfimportance without commensurate achievements superiority is created in large measure in their own minds exaggerates importance of achievements and minimizes importance of failures persona is superficially charming likable outgoing optimistic some who makes a good first impression persona is the aspect of someone s personality that is presented to or perceived by others shows effortless superiorityquot self talk gt marketing personality selling himherself lacks empathy so is disconnected and has difficulty recognizing the feelings and desires of others only looks at the behaviors of others in terms of how it impacts him ex buying concert tickets very early and girlfriend becomes extremely ill and cannot go to concert boyfriend s reaction anger wife wanted a divorce because he was unfaithful self consumed self centered a taker who spent minimal time with his family fired by father because of poor decisions that cost company a million dollars minimal effort in whatever he did depression and associated sense of worthlessness based on the fact that he didn t measure up to his idealized self 0 Ann the anorexicquot O conforming personality against personality persona includes being seriousminded wellbehaved obedient polite respectful limited social spontaneity and overly restrained initiative and emotional expression and perfectionism perfectionsim considered to be the perfect child she was everything they wanted her to be validated herself by meeting the expectations of others always doing what she ought to doquot the perfect woman in our culture is often thought to be extremely thin her idealself was idealized perfect in the eyes of others winning approval by meeting expectations achieved secondary gains from her behavior secondary gains rewards gleaned by unhealthy behaviors type of enslavement lacked autonomy a personality characteristic that is necessary for close interpersonal relationships being a unique individual who does not always require the approval of others or to meet their expectations low amounts of power power refers to the ability to influence the behaviors of others to satisfy one s needs and goals ex parents want daughters to participate in beauty pageants


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