Health notes 4/4-4/6
Health notes 4/4-4/6 HEA 102-010
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassie Ferree on Wednesday April 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HEA 102-010 at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by Dina Hayduk in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Intro to Health/Wellness in Health Sciences at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 04/06/16
April 4, 2016 – April 8, 2016 HIV- Human Immunodeficiency Virus 4 bodily fluids – which you could potentially get HIV from 1. Breast milk 2. Blood 3. Sperm 4. Vaginal Fluid *not saliva Risk – with unprotected sex of any kind Oral Vaginal Anal Sharing Needles/IV Low High MSM- male to male - Increases risk TCell count - Lower than 200 can qualify for AIDS - Opens you to other disease like THRUSH National HIV strategy - Prevent - Test - Link - Treat (retain) *ask your doctor to get tested like once a year *only 28% remain in the retain stage due to personal issues like drug abuse and mental disorders Babies - Males infected with HIV can only effect the baby if the male has already infected the women - Women infected doesn’t pass HIV on to child until the child comes through the birth canal - Less than 3% of HIV infected women have babies with HIV PREP – pre-exposure prophylaxis - Marketed mostly to MSM - If you continually have unprotected sex it is smart to ask your doctor about this - They a daily pill *Age 13-24 African American participating in MSM have more likely chance to become infected in HIV. They take 48% of new cases. PSP – post-exposure prophylaxis - 36-72 hours after you have unprotected sex with someone known or unknown you can go to an emergency room and get tested. STI’s – sexual transmitted infections - No need for fluid exchange, could just be skin to skin contact Syphilis - Bump – thought to be no big deal - Rash – goes away after time - Can cause you to go blind or debilitate your brain - Can be treated and cured if caught early enough Gonorrhea - Green discharge from male penis - Not as many symptoms from females - Can be treated and cured Herpes - Little bumps - 2 types - Can be treated but not cured Testing - 20 min oral swab - Could be bought or for free at some locations - HIV can wait up til 3 months to show up Pathogens - A disease causing organism - Example – virus, bacteria, fungi - Skin acts as biggest barrier Spreading Pathogens – what is required? - Some type of contact (physical, airborne, vector (rabies)) - Poor immune system (prevention by healthy eating, exercising, and good sleep habits) - Need pathogen - Need enough of pathogen Prevention of Pathogens - Washing hands (for at least 20 secs, with warm soapy water) MRSA – methicillin-resistant staphylococcus - Staph aureus bacteria that have become resistant to this antibiotic Why have we become resistant? - Overuse of antibiotics - Limited number of choices - Not using antibiotics correctly Antibiotics Body modification and Body art - Tattoos - Piercings - Implants - Branding *skin gets broken, increases concern for pathogens More potential for infections: - Manicures - Pedicures Before body modification: - Vaccinated against hepatitis B During body modification: - Pre-medicate if necessary Ex: chronic illnesses The Artist - Hands-on profession - Lengthy apprenticeship - Self-taught - Ask about qualifications - No license - Ask about cleaning procedure Look for – sterilizing equipment and cleanliness of shop *each region/ county has its own rules Possible problems: - Severe redness, swelling, pain - Discharge - Flu like symptoms - Red streaks from piercing site If it occurs: - Speak to an expert/professional - Visit health and wellness center STI: Sexually Transmitted Infections Transmitted by: - Sexual intercourse - Oral – genital - Hand – genital - Anal - Mouth to mouth - Contact with fluids from your body sores/body fluid *many STI’s are asymptomatic (they don’t have symptoms) *some run into the ping pong effect – one partner gets treated but the other one doesn’t and they pass it back and forth with each other Universal Precautions - Treat everyone as if they have all diseases - You can protect yourself
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