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Immigration and Nationalism

by: Claudia Viloria

Immigration and Nationalism

Marketplace > Indiana University > Immigration and Nationalism
Claudia Viloria

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One Day of Notes
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This 12 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Claudia Viloria on Monday February 2, 2015. The One Day of Notes belongs to a course at Indiana University taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 20 views.


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Date Created: 02/02/15
Study Guide Exam l 0 NationState 0 The idea of a nation state came to place in the 18th century with the French Revolution It is the establishment of a political reality that it is rule by a government usually under democracy They are usually secular They are formed along ethnic lines which contain different groups 0 The one exception to this rule is the US 0 Diaspora 0 Jews living outside Israel 0 the dispersion of the Jews beyond Israel 0 Intifada 0 Intifada uprising resistance a violent resistance movement against occupation 0 Rising of Palestinians to fight the Israelis that are taking their land 0 First one 1987 Palestinian youth began to actively and collectively to oppose Israel 0 It came as a complete shock for the Israelis and Palestinians 0 There was nothing that particularly sparked this 0 Before this there was no collective resistance 0 Second one 2000 0 Sparked by the stroll of the prime minister of Israel to the Prime Dome in order to exercise authority 0 Different from the first one 0 It introduced suicide bombers 0 Mostly in buses 0 Zionism I Jews are victims That s why the Zionism exits 0 Its general definition means the national movement for the return of the Jewish people to their homeland and the resumption of Jewish sovereignty in the Land of Israel Theodore Herzl a secular Jew covered the trial 0 His review of the court case concluded that the product of assimilation has failed 0 Even though dreyfuss assimilated no one could forget his Jewishness 0 He decided the only way for Jews to survive nationally is for them to have a state of their own 0 Herzl writes a pamphlet about how Jews need their own nation state I This pamphlet The Jewish State prompts the formation of Zionsism I Knew he would have to get Eastern European Jews on Board 0 This returns the Jews to needing a promise land I Herzl did not require that the Jews return to Palestine I He was okay with a Jewish state in Uganda or Galveston Texas 0 The land of Israel Where Jews return to The land of Israel the actual physical territory is the ancestral place of the Jewish people This claim argues that this particular book the Jewish Bible talks about this land being a property of Jews But if the bible talks about other people Other people being the ones with the right of living here 0 But The land of Israel belongs to the Jewish people according to the Jewish biblical readings 0 Islamist vs Islamic PLO Islamic Hamas islamist Islamic is pertaining to the religion Islamist is pertaining of the militant groups 0 Sayyid Qutb 0 and the leading member of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood in the 1950s and 1960s In 1966 he was convicted of plotting the assassination of Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser and was executed by hanging 0 Muslim Brotherhood A revolutionary movement to end British colonialism in Egypt in the 1920s Founded by school teacher Hassan alB anna Nowadays it had an alliance with Hamas 0 JudeoChristian Tradition Term that it is used to define a certain kind of relation values mores etc that Christians share with Judaism 0 Sometimes used as an argument against Islam Abrahamic traditions 0 An attempt to correct the JudeoChristian tradition adding Islam 0 Biblical vs Territorial Land imagined vs real For most the history of the Jews the Land was imaginary The majority of Jews did not live in the Land 0 But there was a hope of going back 0 Jesus comes to fulfill the law As a replacement of the Law 0 The Land becomes the Heaven Kingdom 0 Human Being comes to follow the Law y if he or she obeys The Law then can go to the Kingdom of Heaven The land of Israel the actual physical territory is the ancestral place of the Jewish people This claim argues that this particular book the Jewish Bible talks that this land should be owned by Jewish 0 But The land of Israel belongs to the Jewish people according to the Jewish biblical readings 0 Everything that Israel does is a compromise The Jewish Question The Jewish question 0 Once Europe becomes Christian then what to do with the Jews 0 Jews were too problematic because if Christians were the covenants of the Bible and religion then why do the Jews still exist 0 Jews remained as an excluded minority 0 Secularism helped Jews to integrate into the Christian society 0 The political question 0 Issue of Antisemitism 0 A political and economic issue 0 Emergence of large urban centers and industrial revolution I Before this they were owner of lands 0 Herzl 0 Jews had an advantage They already had the skills necessary for the industrial revolution 0 Competition between Jews and Christians 0 Modern antiSemitism was a result of this competition 0 His solution take the Jews somewhere else to their own country or land then the completion will end and it would be easier for Christians and Jews to get along 0 He was trying to get the European power that the establishment of a Jewish land was going to solve the problems 0 Herzl makes an important distinction between old and modern antiSemitism 0 European Countries having all these Jews and Europeans not knowing if they were being loyal to their countries or to their imaginary land of Israel 0 Otherness 0 The Arab World 0 The Arab World and Africa 0 It is a very significant engine that drives the industrial revolution Colonialism 0 In order to get resources back to the home country One of the reasons England colonized Egypt was for Cotton Palestine had nothing not interesting enough for colonization Colonialism one of the ways the Arab world is introduced to modernity Concept of Nationalism 0 It is a product of Europe and it is transmitted to the Arab World 0 Arabism culture 0 Including language 0 Community that shares language feel connected 0 Arab Nationalism political 0 PanArabims politicalimperial 0 To create one large Arab National Collective Identity 0 In order to secularize the Arabic State 0 Secularism 0 They see the Judaism as part of a culture not as a religion These people build up communities where Jewish holidays are celebrated as historical and nature festivals and where life cycle events are marked in a secular manner 0 Dreyfus Affair 0 Alfred Dreyfuss officer of French army was accused and convicted of spying against France 0 10 years later the conviction was overturned 0 Witnesses to the original court case said he was only convicted because he was Jew 0 J ewishness impeded his full allegiance was the opinion 0 Colonialism 0 In order to get resources back to the home country 0 One of the reasons England colonized Egypt was for Cotton 0 Palestine had nothing not interesting enough for colonization 0 Colonialism one of the ways the Arab world is introduced to modernity 0 Concept of Nationalism 0 It is a product of Europe and it is transmitted to the Arab World 0 Nationalism Israeli vs Palestinian vs Arab 0 Before Having a common language didn t make them feel closer nor religion 0 The notion of national consciousness happens as a result of colonialism 0 Arabism culture 0 Including language 0 Community that shares language feel connected 0 Arab Nationalism political 0 PanArabims politicalimperial 0 To create one large Arab National Collective Identity 0 In order to secularize the Arabic State 0 Islamism Religious 0 They don t believe in States they are interested in reestablishing the caliphates 0 Muslim Brotherhood emerges to remove colonialism from Britain 0 They were against states 0 Important to understand that ISIS is using Western terminology 0 The reason why all of these are problematic is that they don t leave room for a nonIslamic nation in the Arab World Such as Israel 0 The Ottoman Empire 0 It was an empire inspired and sustained by Islam and Islamic institutions 0 It replaced the Byzantine Empire as the major power in the Eastern Mediterranean 0 One legacy of the Islamic Ottoman Empire is the robust secularism of modern Turkey 0 Religion was incorporated in the state structure and the Sultan was regarded as quotthe protector of Islamquot 0 United by Islamic ideology 0 United by Islamic warrior code with ideal of increasing Muslim territory through ihad 0 United by Islamic organisational and administrative structure British Mandate The formal objective of the League of Nations Mandate system was to administer parts of the defunct Ottoman Empire which had been in control of the Middle East since the 16th century quotuntil such time as they are able to stand alone The mandate document formalised the creation of two British protectorates Palestine to include a national home for the Jewish people under direct British rule and Transjordan an Emirate governed semi autonomously from Britain under the rule of the Hashemite family 1947 UN Partition Plan The United Nations General Assembly decided in 1947 on the partition of Palestine into Jewish and Arab states with Jerusalem to be an internationalised city Jewish representatives in Palestine the Jewish Agency accepted the plan tactically though with reluctance because it implied international recognition for their aims of establishing a state but on lesser territory than they considered a legal and historical right to The Palestinians and Arabs felt that it was a deep injustice to ignore the rights of the majority of the population of Palestine The Arab League and Palestinian institutions rejected the partition plan and formed volunteer armies that infiltrated into Palestine beginning in December of 1947 194748 Civil War in Palestine was the first phase of the 1948 Palestine war It broke out after the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted a resolution on 29 November 1947 recommending the adoption of the Partition Plan for Palestine When the British Mandate of Palestine expired on 14 May 1948 and with the Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel the surrounding Arab states Egypt Transjordan Iraq and Syria invaded what had just ceased to be Mandatory Palestine and immediately attacked Israeli forces and several Jewish settlements The con ict then turned into the 1948 Arab Israeli War 1967 Six Day War Third ArabIsraeli War Within was fought between June 5 and 10 1967 by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt known at the time as the United Arab Republic Jordan and Syria The war began on June 5 with Israel launching surprise strikes against Egyptian air fields after the mobilization of Egyptian forces in Sinai Peninsula on the Israeli border siX days Israel had won a decisive land war Israeli forces had taken control of the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsulafrom Egypt the West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan and the Golan Heights from Syria 1973 Y om Kippur War Fourth AI War The war began when the Arab coalition launched a joint surprise attack on Israeli positions in the Israeli occupied territories on Yom Kippur the holiest day in Judaism which also occurred that year during the Muslim holy month ofRamadan The 1978 Camp David Accords that followed led to the return of the Sinai to Egypt and normalized relations the first peaceful recognition of Israel by an Arab country Egypt continued its drift away from the Soviet Union and left the Soviet sphere of in uence entirely Camp David Hamas agreements between Israel and Egypt signed on September 17 1978 that led in the following year to a peace treaty between those two countries the first such treaty between Israel and any of its Arab neighbours Brokered by US Pres Jimmy Carter between Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and Egyptian Pres Anwar elSadat and officially titled the Framework for Peace in the Middle East Runs the Gaza strip thru election Not in existence until 198788 0 By the muslim brotherhood 0 ha organization 0 Raises to fight the corruption in the PLO 0 They aren t democratic organizations Top down 0 Claimed to be more for the wellbeing of the population interested in health care y cosas asi 0 However Hamas still calls for the eradication of Israel 0 Hamas would accept a Israel state with the 1967 borders with the deportation of people that are in jail and those who were kicked out of their place 0 They believe that violence is the way of getting what they want 0 Fatah 0 It s a leading secularPalestinian political party and the largest faction of the confederated multi party Palestine Liberation Organization PLO O The Settler Movement 0 are Israeli civilian communities built on lands occupied by Israel during the 1967 SiX Day War Such settlements currently eXist in the West Bank East Jerusalem and in the Golan Heights 0 Palestinian Liberation Organization 0 Secular organization Islamic not islamist 0 First Palestinian movement against Israel and in favor of establishing a Palestinian state 0 Removing the Israelis from the palestinian territory 0 The green line the border entre palestina e Israel despues de 1967 0 Palestinian Authority En 1993 PLO becomes Palestinian Authority The organization in charge of legislating the palestinian areas of the occupation Se convierte en Palestinian Authority porque el PLO es solo de Resistencia mientras que el PA is capable to rule over and legislate Yasser Arafat 0 was a Palestinian leader He was Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization PLO President of the Palestinian National Authority PNA2 and leader of the Fatah political party and former paramilitary group which he founded in 1959 0 Arafat engaged in a series of negotiations with the government of Israel to end the decades long con ict between it and the PLO These included the Madrid Conference of 1991 the 1993 Oslo Accords and the 2000 Camp David Summit His political rivals including Islamists and several PLO leftists often denounced him for being corrupt or too submissive in his concessions to the Israeli government 0 He was very corrupt Yitzhak Rabin 0 was an Israeli politician statesman and general He was the fifth Prime Minister of Israel serving two terms in office 1974 77 and 1992 until his assassination in 1995 0 He was assassinated by right wing Israeli radical Yigal Amir who was opposed to Rabin39s signing of the Oslo Accords Islamic Jihad 0 Both born from the muslim brotherhood 0 Both called for the eradication of Israel Messianism The belief in a Messiah a person who will redeem the people Israel and usher in a better more perfect era the messianic age is often thought of as one of Judaism39s defining characteristics 0 Oslo Accords 0 The Oslo Accords are a set of agreements between the government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization PLO 0 The Oslo Accords created the Palestinian Authority whose functions are the limited self governance over parts of the West Bankand Gaza Strip and it acknowledged that the PLO is now Israel39s partner in permanent status negotiations about the remaining issues 0 It didn t create a Palestinian State 0 TwoState Solution 0 Refers to a solution of the Israeli Palestinian con ict currently under discussion which calls for quottwo states for two peoplesquot 0 The two state solution envisages an independent State of Palestine alongside the State of Israel west of the Jordan River 0 The boundaries between the two states is still subject to dispute and negotiation with Palestinian and Arab leadership insisting on the quot1967 bordersquot which is not accepted by Israel 0 The territory of the former Mandate Palestine which shall not form part of the Palestinian State shall be part of Israeli territory 0 Edward Said and Orientalism 0 Idea from Said 0 A book that deeps into the question how to categorize Judaism 0 It talks about Israel and ignores Palestine 0 Is it a western or a eastern religion 0 It says that it is a western religion and talks about 0 Edward Said 0 He supports the two state solution


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