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Week 11 Notes

by: Caroline Crews

Week 11 Notes HY 101

Caroline Crews

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These notes are from week 11
Western Civ To 1648
Daniel Riches
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caroline Crews on Wednesday April 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Daniel Riches in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Western Civ To 1648 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 04/06/16
WEEK 11 NOTES Renaissance I The Renaissance  Period of rebirth  Most famous rebirth of culture  Humanism o The seven liberal arts: grammar, rhetoric, dialectic, arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, music o Reacting directly against the dominant movement, the scholastic (logic system)  In Church and universities  Useless system, generates the abstract  The language was barbaric Latin, lacked eloquence, couldn’t reach the potential audience  “Dark Ages” come from the humanist, described the time without the light of knowledge o People can be perfected through knowledge  Wanted to change the educational system to be more well rounded by using the seven liberal arts o Philology  The study of language, especially the ancient languages o Had more curiosity about the ancient past  Looked at ruins o Values:  Education based in 7 liberal arts  You can make something out of people  Useful knowledge; living more meaningful lives  Eloquence  Cultivation of virtue by being active in the world  Valued unique individualisms  You should be politically active, businessman, social, “Renaissance man” Italian Renaissance Humanist  Francesco Petrarca (Petrarch) 1304-1374 o Father of humanism  Leonardo Bruni 1370-1444 o Important in the revival of the study of Greek  Lorenzo Valla 1407-1457 o Disproved the Constantine donation  Leon Battista Alberti 1404-1474 o One of the ultimate Renaissance men o Cultured, highly educated Italian Renaissance Artist  Human centered, classical theme, everyday life  Leonardo da Vinci 1452-1519 o Mona Lisa 1503-1506 o Scientist as well as artist o Wanted to portray an atomically correct form  Increase in weather patronage of the arts  Proportions and naturalistic representation of the body  Each artist is unique and an individual for the first time  Social status of being an artist increased  Michelangelo Buonarroti 1475-1564 o David 1501-1504 o Sistine Chapel 1509-1512 o Big in Florence and Rome  Georgio Vasari 1511-1574 o Lives of the Artists  Collection of biographies of the artists of this time  Many artists knew and practice many diciplines of art The Northern Renaissance  Renaissance as it spread out of Italy  How did it spread: o Universities  Gathered students from around the world to study at the universities in Italy o Art  Artwork and artists were brought by the wealthy in Europe o Movement of written works  Desiderius Erasmus c. 1466-1536 o Most famous humanist o In Praise of Folly, 1509  Critique of the Church in a witty way st o Greek New Testament 1516 (1 edition)  Corrected the newer copies  Thomas Moore, 1478-1535 o Martyr, English o Utopia 1516  “No place” o Social critic  German Renaissance o Shared core values as the Italian Renaissance but some are different:  Celebration of heroic German past  More concerned with religion  More centered at Universities o Tacitus’s Germania  This document helped the Germans learn more about the past and their ancestors o Roman Law  Civil law especially, they apply this law code all over Europe Politics in Renaissance Italy  They big five: Florence, Venice, Milan, Naples, Papal States o Most important political powers o Did not get along, constant warfare, constantly shifting alliances  Aimed at preventing one of the big five from getting all the power  Constant competition led to innovation  Foreign invasion start in 1494 o Milan gets the French to help and send in troops, then Spain gets involved, and the Holy Roman Empire  Civic humanism o The humanist began to think more politically o Developed in city-states o Leonardo Bruni – Panegyric to the City of Florence (1403- 1404) and History of the Florentine People (1442)  To empower the people of Florence o Francesco Guicuadrini 1483-1540  Recordi  Secular political advice Machiavelli 1464-1527  The West’s first political scientist, describes how politics actually is  Classical principle of humanism  Deeply rejected abstract form of politics  Discourses of Livy c. 1515-1519; 1 published in 1531 o Description of a republic st  Il Principe (The Prince) c. 1513; 1 published in 1532 o Italy in turmoil, foreign invasion were going on


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