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Additional Study Material

by: Vanessa Alpert

Additional Study Material PY 370

Marketplace > Psychlogy > PY 370 > Additional Study Material
Vanessa Alpert
GPA 3.911
History Of Psychology
Dr. Sheila R. Black

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About this Document

These are additional notes that she went over in class! These came directly from what the test questions are going to be like! ENJOY and GOOD LUCK
History Of Psychology
Dr. Sheila R. Black
Test Prep (MCAT, SAT...)
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This 3 page Test Prep (MCAT, SAT...) was uploaded by Vanessa Alpert on Wednesday February 4, 2015. The Test Prep (MCAT, SAT...) belongs to PY 370 at a university taught by Dr. Sheila R. Black in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 205 views.

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Date Created: 02/04/15
Plato deductive reasoning Natural laws that explain bodily functions Hippocrates Atomism bodymatter comprised of atoms how is that related to elementalismassociationism breaking mind down into smallest units when you look at the mind you create complex ideas by combining small units One person who advanced mathematics and advanced the notion that you can make predictions based on mathematics Pathagorus Truth lies in side youall you need is a skillful teacher to get knowledge out of you Socrates I think therefore I am Descartes Descartes believed animals are equal to humans false no medicine during surgery You can combine small elements of the mind together in order to learn Associationism Who believed that people are aggressive and only after own selfinterest Hobbesempiricist What did Copernicus do Heliocentric used inductive reasoning take bites and pieces of information that may not be inborn and put it together to form hypothesis Descartes Dualist mind different from body Newton used scientific methods and deductive reasoning You can apply scientific principles to the mind and predict behavior Was Locke an associationist YES What were the two types of information that would form ideas Sensations and re ections more cognitive How did Locke believe that people could create sophisticated ideas Combine basic units of information to combine and create something new how you learn everything from experience Locke believed in a tabula rasa blank slate Who said If you can t perceive it it doesn t exist Berkeley According to Hume what is more likely an impression or idea ANSWER impression much more sensory information Why was John S Mill considered more of a chemist than his father He thought when you combine ideas you create something new Who developed the Journal Mind Bain How did this contribute to work having to do with the nervous system and studying it Decapitating a person and the face would smile I People wanted to know once the brain was not connected to the brain was the mind still active It wasn t until Canbanis said that any smiles gestures were re exes This also sparked interest in how important is the brain in all activities People found that when frogsanimals were decapitated their legs would still move when stimulated people began to wonder about the role of the spinal cord What researcher conducted research because he was really mystified when he saw a frogs leg continue to move after the brain was removed and found out the spinal cord was still intact but without the spinal cord the legs wouldn t move Whytt What person is famous for his work on color vision Helmholtz What was important about Helmholtz s work He discovered the delay between nerves stimulation and movement Father of Phrenology Gall Phrenology study of bumps in the skull Gall thought that studying the skull indentations and bumps would let us know about their personality and abilities Phrenology got people interested in the connections of the brain and the differences bt people Considered important in psych even though there is no evidence that bumpsindentations actually predict personalityability What person is famous for action proper amp action commune Flourens Phineas Gage taught us the importance of the frontal lobe changes personalityjudgment Gave us evidence on function of frontal lobe Why was ablation removing part of the brain important in Flourens work He would remove at of the brain of an animal and see how they behave and make inferences on roll of that part of the brain pigeons and dogs First person to use brain stimulation with a person Bartholow Invented solution to stain neurons Golgi network where neurons were all connected Caj al also contributed to knowledge of brain neurons did not touch so when neural impulses travel from one neuron to the next there was synapse Scientist that spent a lot of time to find the exact neural structures where memories are stored Lashley Father of Psychology Wundt because he set up first lab and published book on psych and called himself a psychologist Wundt was less of a reductionist you want to break something down into its most elemental unit than Tichener reductionist and associations together Volunteerism Wundt If you were going to work in Wundt s lab you had to go through 10000 hours of practice to become well trained and describe to him in detail what was going on Wundt was a physiologist Wundt focused on rxn time associations feelings etc Titcheners one of his down falls was narrowminded and intolerant if one of his students disagreed with him he wanted nothing to do with him Munsterberg is different from Wundt because Munsterberg was interested in applied psychology Fields that Munsterberg contributed to started Industrial psych forensic psych Was the polygraph admissible in court during the Frye case NO Marston Wonder Women Who is the philosopher that really believed that you couldn t just trust you senses Plato This scientist felt that mathematical formulas can help you predict information Pathagorus Was Aristotle entirely a rationalist NO he was actually also an imperialist Locke was impressed with the scientific methodinductive reasoning to apply it to the mind he wanted to see if there were laws of the mind to see if it worked in a certain way Hobbes Assocaitionist Pessimist Ideas are basic units of information and based on re ections and sensations Locke Locke did not believe that you could create something new based on the inborn information that you had at birth Blank Slate Empiricism In order for something to exist it had to be perceived Berkeley If a tree falls in the forest and no one is there to hear it would it make a sound Berkeley James MillMechanistic Utilitarianism seek happiness John S MillChemist put ideas together and create something entirely different Utilitarianism make majority of people happybenefit majority even if it wasn t your own benefit You must have some innateinbom capacities or else you cannot make sense of Kant Animals and Humans are different Animals no selfawareness Descartes Famous for work of roots of spinal cords Megendie What person made contributions to color perception Helmholtz What term by Fleuron s refers to a particular brain structure having a particular function action proper In work with dogs and brain stimulation they discovered primary motor cortex Ferrier he was bale to better explain which part of the primary motor cortex were associated with which bodily movement Tan Broca Patient knowledge of speech frontal lobe s of left hemisphere localization of speech production


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