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RA 101

by: Deshaya Green
Deshaya Green


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Informal Fallacies-Chpt 4.
Reasoning & Argumentation
Edward schallert
Test Prep (MCAT, SAT...)
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This 8 page Test Prep (MCAT, SAT...) was uploaded by Deshaya Green on Friday February 26, 2016. The Test Prep (MCAT, SAT...) belongs to RA-101 at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville taught by Edward schallert in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 255 views.


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Date Created: 02/26/16
2/28/2016 Review Test Submission: Quiz 4 S16 – Reasoning and ... Deshaya Green 7 mySIUE myServices Feedback H    Coursework Week 7 Review Test Submission: Quiz 4 S16 Review Test Submission: Quiz 4 S16   User Deshaya Lenai Green Course Reasoning and Argumentation­RA­101­500­201615 Test Quiz 4 S16 Started 2/28/16 10:26 PM Submitted 2/28/16 11:08 PM Due Date 2/28/16 11:59 PM Status Completed Attempt Score 16 out of 20 points   Time Elapsed 42 minutes out of 1 hour Results Displayed All Answers, Submitted Answers, Correct Answers Question 1 Answer true or false for #1­5. Choose the correct fallacy, from the list we are using, for #6­ 17. An informal fallacy is a logical error that occurs in the form or structure of an argument and is restricted to deductive arguments.   Selected Answer:  False Answers: True  False Question 2 Begging the question occurs when an argument uses pity to beg someone to accept the conclusion. Selected Answer:  False Answers: True  False… 2/28/2016 Review Test Submission: Quiz 4 S16 – Reasoning and ... Question 3 A post hoc fallacy always involves a long­term pattern of results. Selected Answer:  False Answers: True  False Question 4 A slippery slope fallacy attempts to make a final event the inevitable outcome of an initial act. Selected Answer:  True Answers:  True False Question 5 Equivocation is the intentional or unintentional use of different meanings of words or phrases in an argument. Selected Answer:  True Answers:  True False Question 6 You had better get straight A's this year. If you don't, I will take away your car and your allowance. Selected Answer: Appeal to force   Answers: Appeal to pity Appeal to force   Appeal to ignorance Missing the point Appeal to an unqualified authority… 2/28/2016 Review Test Submission: Quiz 4 S16 – Reasoning and ... Question 7 Yes, it is true that he killed both his parents. Nevertheless, you shouldn't be too hard on him; after all, he is an orphan. Selected Answer:  ppeal to pity Answers: Argument against the person (ad hominem) Tu quoque Appeal to the people  ppeal to pity Appeal to force Question 8 Since no one has completely proved that ghosts don't exist, it follows that they must exist. Selected Answer:  ppeal to ignorance Answers: Appeal to pity Appeal to force Appeal to ignorance   Missing the point Appeal to an unqualified authority Question 9 Do you still take heroin three times a day? Selected Answer: Complex question   Answers: Begging the question  omplex question Biased sample Accident… 2/28/2016 Review Test Submission: Quiz 4 S16 – Reasoning and ... Hasty generalization Question 10 She's the best candidate for the job. I know this, because no one is better qualified. Selected Answer:  egging the question Answers: Begging the question   Complex question Biased sample Accident Hasty generalization Question 11 If you start out by drinking only one beer, then pretty soon you will not be satisfied unless you drink two. Then you will need three, and so on. Eventually, you will become an alcoholic. Selected Answer:  lippery slope Answers: False dilemma Coincidence Post hoc fallacy Common cause fallacy  lippery slope Question 12 I had two station wagons and they both were lemons. I'm sure that there is something in the design of station wagons that makes them all terrible vehicles. Selected Answer: Hasty generalization   Answers: Begging the question… 2/28/2016 Review Test Submission: Quiz 4 S16 – Reasoning and ... Complex question Biased sample Accident  Hasty generalization Question 13 My mother wants me to take piano lessons because studies show that early music training helps students in math. But pianos cost a lot of money, and even if we could afford one, our apartment is too small to put in a full­size piano. Selected Answer:  Red herring fallacy Answers: Composition Division Emphasis Straw man fallacy Red herring fallacy   Question 14 He put his money in a bank. He lives next to the bank of a river that contains many large boulders. So, he must have put his money where there are a lot of boulders. Selected Answer:  Equivocation Answers: Equivocation   Amphiboly Composition Division Emphasis Question 15 The last four times I wore those socks, I got a home run. So, the next time I wear them, I… 2/28/2016 Review Test Submission: Quiz 4 S16 – Reasoning and ... expect to get a home run. Selected Answer:  Common cause fallacy Answers: False dilemma Coincidence Post hoc fallacy   Common cause fallacy Slippery slope Question 16 My boss caught me playing video games on my office computer during work hours. He said that it was a violation of office policies, and he warned me to stop or I would be fired. Pretty soon, he will try to eliminate coffee breaks, or even going to the bathroom. He doesn’t have the right to take away all my benefits. Selected Answer:  Straw man fallacy Answers: Composition Division Emphasis  Straw man fallacy Appeal to ignorance Question 17 I crashed my car into a tree trying to kill a bee. Selected Answer:  Amphiboly Answers: Equivocation  Amphiboly Composition Division Emphasis… 2/28/2016 Review Test Submission: Quiz 4 S16 – Reasoning and ... Question 18 Socrates believes that Selected Answer: we should act justly generally, but there are exceptional cases where it is good to be unjust Answers: we should always act unjustly we should act justly generally, but there are exceptional cases where it is good to be unjust we should act justly except when someone treats us unjustly first we should not repay injustice with injustice, no matter what we may have suffered from someone Question 19 Socrates, when speaking on behalf of the laws, says you must do what your state tells you to do... Selected Answer:  all of the above Answers:  or persuade it that its commands are unjust unless it might endanger your life only if it benefits you all of the above Question 20 The following statement is TRUE concerning Socrates: Selected Answer: we should obey the law unless it calls us to suffer, i.e flogging or imprisonment or war Answers: our parents should be revered more than the state and its laws we should obey the law unless it calls us to suffer, i.e flogging or imprisonment or war the laws play no large part in our quality of life… 2/28/2016 Review Test Submission: Quiz 4 S16 – Reasoning and ... the laws make it possible for our parents and ancestors to raise families and so deserve more reverence than even our biological parents Sunday, February 28, 2016 11:08:39 PM CST ←  OK…


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