GRE Vocabulary Study Guide
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Date Created: 09/13/15
GRE Vocabulary Words in bolded in black are GRE vocabulary that will appear on other standardized tests such as the SAT Words in purple are quotadvanced GRE words that appear on GREandabove level tests Aa Abasement Humiliation degradation Abate Reduce in intensity Aberration Deviation from the normal Abeyance State of inactivity disuse Abhor To hate Abjure Renounce swear to refrain from something Abraded Worn away eroded Abrasion 1 Damage to skin caused by scraping 2 Process of scraping or rubbing Abrasive Rough course harsh Abrogate To cancel deny repeal Abscission Cutting process of causing leaves to fall off Absolution Forgiveness pardon release Abstain To desist go without withdraw Abstemious Selfdenying refraining from indulging Abstruse Difficult to understand obscure Abut To adjoin Abysmal Very deep very bad Accolade Tribute honor praise Accretion Accumulation of matter growth produced by adding from the outside Acquiesce To agree to to give in to Acolyte Disciple follower or attendant Acrid Sharp pungent used of smells and tastes Acrophobia Fear of heights Acuity Mental or visual sharpness Admonitory Scolding Adroit Skillful Adversity Hardship Advocate Support Aesthetic Concerning art or beauty Affable Friendly social easygoing Agog Amazed wideeyed with enthusiasm Aisle Corridor passageway Alacrity Eagerness enthusiasm quickness Alchemy Medieval chemistry attempt to change base metal into gold Alibi An excuse that shows someone was not at a crime scene Allay To lessen fear worry suspicion Alleviate Make less severe Allure 1 Attraction 2 To attract Aloof Distance detached cold Altruism Selflessness putting others first Amass Accumulate Amalgamate Join consolidate Ambidextrous Able to use both left and right hands equally well Ambiguity Uncertainty vagueness Ambiguous Unclear in meaning can be interpreted in different ways Ambivalence Lack of clarity wavering being undecided Ambulatory Able to walk around used of hospital patients Ameliorate Make better Amiable Friendly Amity Friendship Amorphous Lacking in shape Amortize Pay off a debt in installments Anachronistic Occurring in the wrong time period Analgesic Medicine to combat pain Analogous Comparable Analogue 1 Something similar 2 Output proportional to input Anarchy Chaos lack of government Anecdote A brief amusing story Animosity Hatred antagonism Annex n A building which is an addition to an existing building Annex v Take possession of seize capture Anodized Electroplated coated with thin layer of meatal Anomaly Something which does not fit in a pattern irregularity Antagonism Hostility strong opposition Antagonistic Opposed hostile aggressive Antediluvian Outdated prehistoric very oldfashioned Anthology A book which is a collection of poems or stories Anthropocentrism Putting man at the center of one s philosophy Antiquated Outdated oldfashioned Antipathy Hatred Atonement Making amends for sin or crime Apathetic Indifferent uninterested lethargic Apathy Lack of interest or emotion Aphoristic Expressed tersely Apocryphal Of doubtful origin Apostrophe 1 Punctuation mark 2 Appeal to someone who is not present Appease Pacify soothe calm down make peace with Apposite Fitting suitable Apprehensive Worried fearful Arable Can be cultivated Arbitrary Random for no definite reason Arbitrator Mediator person appointed to judge a dispute Arboreal Living in trees concerned with trees Arcane Obscure known only to a few people Archaic Ancient outdated oldfashioned Archetype A classic example of Archive Collections of old records place of storage of old documents Arduous Hard Armada Fleet of ships Arresting a Attracting attention striking Arson Deliberate criminal starting of fires Articulate Clear lucid eloquent Artifice Deception trickery Artisan Craftsman Artless Without effort without trickery simple Ascetic Without luxuries severely simple Asperity Using harsh or critical tone Assay 1 To try 2 Assess purity Assiduous Thorough diligent Assuage To calm Astute Perceptive sharpwitted Asylum Place of refuge or safety Atavism Reappearance of ancestral traits regression Atheist Person who does not believe in God Atrophy Waste away from lack of use Attenuate VVeaken Augment Increase make bigger Augury Prediction looking for omens Auspicious Favorable promising to turn out well Austere Severely plain Avaricious Greedy for money Aver Affirm Aversion A strong dislike or avoidance of Bb Baleful Evil Balk Hinder and prevent hesitate over Balm Soothing ointment something soothing Banal Common dull Banality Ordinariness dullness Bane Troublesome influence Bard Poet Barrage 1 Extended gunfire to cover an attack 2 Dam across a river 3 Deluge or information Bastion Fortress stronghold Befuddle Confuse Begrudge Resent Begu e Mislead lure Belabor Explain in unnecessary detail Belittle To demean Bellicose Warlike aggressive Belligerent Aggressive ready to fight Bemoan Complain about Benevolent Kindly Benign Kindly harmless Benignity Compassion gentleness fondness Bent ncHna onap tude Bequeath Leave something in one s will to be given after one s death Berate Scold criticize Beret Type of hat Bestial Behaving like a beast brutal Bigot A narrowminded prejudiced person Bilk Cheat defraud Billowing Swelling fluttering waving Blandishment Words used to coax or flatter Blasphemy Speech which offends religious sentiments Blatant Obvious Blighted Damaged destroyed ruined Blithe Freespirited carefree Blowhard Boastful person Blunderbuss 1 An ancient weapon type of gun 2 A clumsy person Bolster Support prop up Bombast Arrogant pompous language Boor An illmannered person Boorish Rough badmannered Bourgeois The middle class Boycott Refuse to have dealings with Braggart Someone who boasts Brevity Being brief Broach Start to discuss approach Brook 1 Small stream 2 Tolerate Brusque Blunt abrupt Bulwark Fortification barricade wall Bureaucracy A system of government in which most of the important decisions are made by state officials rather than by elected representatives Burgeon Grow flourish put forth new shoots Burlesque 1 Comic play 2 Lampoon Burnish Polish Buttress Strengthen support Byline The line that tells you who wrote an article g Cadge Get by begging Canonical Orthodox Cant Insincere talk Caprices Whimsies fantasies Caulk Make watertight using a substance such as tar Chantey Type of song sung by sailors Chauvinist Someone excessively or aggressively patriotic Churlishness Rudeness illmannered behavior Clandestine Secret covert stealthy Clemency Mercy Cloture Closure terminating a debate by voting Cognitive Concerned with thinking or perceiving Commingle Mix Commensurate Equal in significance Compromised 1 damaged or put in doubt 2 reached an agreement by giving up part of a claim Conscript 1 Person enlisted compulsorily in the armed forces 2 To enlist compulsorily Counterfeit Fake false Covert Hidden undercover Cower Recoil in fear or servility shrink away from Credible Believable Creditable Praiseworthy Credulous Gullible ready to believe anything Crepuscular Active at dawn and dusk Cringe To recoil flinch shy away Cryptic Puzzling enigmatic Curmudgeon Grumpy person Curtail Cut short Cynical Believing that people act only out of selfish motives Cacophony Discordant loud noises Cajole Coax Caldron A huge cooking pot Calibrate Mark an accurate scale on a device Callow Immature Candid Frank honest Candor Frankness openness Cantankerous Badtempered quarrelsome Capacious Spacious Capitulate Surrender give in to Caret Punctuation mark used to indicate a proposed insertion of text Cardinal 1 Highranking church official 2 Major important Carping Constant criticism Carrion Dead flesh carcasses Cartographer Person who makes maps Castigate Scold strongly Cataclysmic Violently disruptive Catharsis Purging of pentup emotions Caucus Type of private poitica meeting Caustic Burning Cavalcade Procession of vehicles Celerity Speed Centrifuge Device to separate substances by spinning them at high speed Censorious Disapproving critical Censure Blame Centurion Roman soldier Cerebral Intellectual Certitude Certainty Charlatan Trickster who claims knowledge he doesn t have Chary Wary of cautious about reluctant to give Chastises Punishes Chicanery Trickery Chimerical Changeable unstable Choleric Easily angered Chorales Simple hymns Chronic Long lasting Chronicler Person who records historical information Circuitous Indirect Circumlocution Using too many words longwindedness Circumscribe Limit Circumspect Cautious considering all sides Circumvent Avoid Clairvoyant Psychic mystic Clamor Shout loud noise Clandestine Secret covert stealthy Clemency Mercy Clich Overused expression something unoriginal Clientele Customers Cloistered Isolated Coalesce Come together merge Coda Piece of music at the end of a musical work finale final part of a document Coddle Pamper fuss over indulge Coercion Persuading through force Cogent Lucid wellargued Cogitate Think over something ponder Colander Bowl with holes used to drain vegetables pasta etc CoHage Picture made from fragments of other pictures Collate Arrange in order Colloquial Local and informal term for something Collusion Plotting and planning Comeliness Beauty prettiness Commandeer Take possession of Complacent Selfsatisfied smug Complaisance Flexibility willingness to please Compliant Easy to control submissive Concatenate Link together Concatenation Linking into chains Conciliate To bring together end a dispute Concise Stated in few words Condescend Talk down to Condescension Talking down to someone Condone Tacitly support overlook Condoning Overlooking disregarding ignoring Conflagration Big fire Confound Confuse Congeal Solidify Congenital Present from birth Conniving Cunning scheming Connoisseur Person with refined taste and good judgement Consecrate Dedicate Consensus General agreement Conspicuous Easily seen prominent Consummate Complete total supremely good Conspicuous Easily seen prominent Consternation Worry and concern Consummate Complete total supremely good Contentious Causing argument Contemporary Living or happening at the same time Con guous Adjacent touching abutting Contrite Sorry Contrition Sorrow and repentance Contumacious Stubborn Contusion A bruise Conundrum A puzzle Conventional Usual customary common Cornucopia Symbol depicting natural abundance Corpulent Fat Corroborate Give supporting evidence Corrugated Highly folded Coterie Clique small group with common interests Culpability Guilt Cumbersome Bulky difficult to carry Dd Daguerreotype Forerunner of a photograph Dally Waste time flirt Dampen Reduce in extent Dawdler Slow person who falls behind the others Debacle Disaster Debilitating Weakening Deb y VVeaknessincapacHy Debunking Exposing false claims or myths Decimated Kill or destroy a large part of Decorum Behavior in keeping with good taste and propriety Deference Respect Deferential Showing respect Defoliate Cause leaves to fall off Defunct No longer existing or functioning Degradation Deprivation poverty debasement Deign Condescend Deleterious Harmful Deliberate 1 Slow 2 To think over deeply 3 On purpose Delineation Demarcation explanation definition outlining Desultory Aimless inconsistent in effort Demagogue Mob leader Demur Raise doubts or objections or show reluctance Denigrate Decry criticize belittle Deplete Use up lessen Deplore To feel or express strong disapproval of Depravity Moral corruption Deprecate Criticize denounce De de Ridicule make fun of mock De on Mockery Derogatory Uncomplimentary Descry To see to catch sight of Desecrate To damage or pollute a holy place Desist Stop discontinue cease Despondent Having no hope miserable Destitution Hardship poverty misery Deter To put off prevent Deteriorate Worsen decline Detrimental Harmful Devoured Greedily eatenconsumed Dexterous Skillful with one s hands Diaphanous Transparent thin and delicate Diatribe Tirade violent denunciation stream of criticism Dichotomy A division into two parts Didactic Intended to teach instructive Diffident Lacking confidence Digress Wander off the subject Dike Dam embankment Dilatory Slow falling behind in one s work Dilemma Puzzling situation Dilettante Person who dabbles in a subject without serious study Dilettantism Dabbling especially in the arts Diligent Hardworking Diorama Model of a scene Dirge Mournful song Disabuse Make someone aware of an error in thinking Disapprobation Disapproval Disarm 1 Take away weapons 2 Win over to one s side Discern To distinguish on thing from another Discord Disagreement Discordancy Cacophony harshness jarring Discountenance Disallow Discrete Separate discontinuous Discrepancy Something that does not match up inconsistency Discriminate To make a clear distinction see the difference Discursiveness Long windedness indirectness Disdain Contempt strong dislike Disingenuous Not candid or sincere Disinter Dig up Disinterested Unbiased Disparage Criticize belittle Disparity An inequality Dispatch 1 Send 2 Speed celerity Dispassionate Neutral objective Dissemble Avoid the truth Disseminating Circulating broadcasting spreading information Dissident Person who disagrees Dissonance Discord disagreement Diurnal Active in daytime Divert 1 Entertain 2 Distract 3 Cause a detour Divest Remove take off Docile Gentle and easily led Doff Take off Dogmatic Having stubbornly held opinions Dolt Stupid person Don Puton Dormancy State of inactivity Dotard Foolish old man Dote Be excessively fond of Drabness Dullness Drawl To speak slowly with words running together Drivel Nonsense Droll Dryly amusing Drone 1 Monotonous noise 2 To speak with no emotion 3 A male bee Dross Something worthless impurities left after refining Dubious Doubtful Dupe To fool someone Duplicity Cunning deception double dealing Dynamic Lively vibrant energetic Ee Ebullient Very lively cheerful jovial happy Eccentric Unusual quirky odd Eclectic Taking things from different sources Eddy Circular current Edifice Building structure construction Efface Wipe out remove all trace of Efficacy Effectiveness Effigy A model of a person Effrontery Daring audacity Effusive Gushing demonstrative Egalitarianism Belief in equality Egregious Outstandingly obviously bad Egress Exit Elaborate 1 Complex and detailed 2 To expand on Elegy Poem concerned with death praise of a dead person Ellipsis Punctuation mark used to indicate an omission of text or a pause Eloquent Fluent and persuasive in speech Elucidate Make clear Elusive Hard to pin down Emaciated Very thing withered Emancipate Set free Embezzle Defraud steal Emboss Decorate with a raised design Embroil Involve in hostility or argument Emerge Come out appear Emollient 1 Softening a 2 Something that softens n Empirical Found by experimenter practice Emulate To imitate something admired Encomium Praise Endorse Give support of approval to Endow Give gift provide with money Endurance Staying power patience stamina Endu ng Lasting Enervate VVeaken Enfranchise To give voting rights to Engender To cause or give rise to Enhance Improve make better or clearer Enigma Puzzle mystery Enigmatic Puzang Enlist 1 Sign up for 2 Obtain Ensconce To establish firmly in a position Enshroud To cover Enunciation Clear pronunciation accent articulation Envenom To cause bitterness and bad feeling Ephemeral Shortlived Epicure Someone who appreciates good food and drink Epigram Short witty saying Epistle A letter form of communication Epistolary Concerned with letters through correspondence Epithet Phrase used as a label or to express the essential nature of Epitomized Typified characterized personified Epistemology Theory of knowledge Epaulet Shoulder decoration Equivocal Ambiguous open to interpretation Equivocation Speaking ambiguously Err To make a mistake Errant 1 Wandering 2 Wrong 3 Straying from accepted standards Erudition Learning scholarly knowledge Eschew Shun avoid Esoteric Obscure and difficult to understand Esoterica Obscure details Espouse Promote take up support Etymology The study of word origins Eulogy A speech of writing of praise especially for someone who has died Euphemism A polite phrase to cover something unpleasant Euphony Pleasant sounds Evacuate Vacate empty abandon Evanescent Shortlived Exacerbate Make worse Exact To demand extort Exasperated Frustrated annoyed Exceptionable Very bad Exculpate Free someone from blame pardon acquit Execrable Very very bad Exegesis Scholarly explanation or interpretation Exemplar Model type Exemplary Outstandineg good setting a fine example Exemplify To serve as a good example Exhaustive Complete and thorough Exigency Urgent matter pressing need Exorcism Getting freerid of eliminating especially demons Expatiate Speak or write at great length Expatriate Refugee emigrant someone living away from hisher own country Expedient Convenient practical Expedite Make faster Expiate Atone make amends for Exposition Clear explanation Expostulate Offer strong objections remonstrate Extant Still in existence Extemporize Speak without preparation or rehearsal Extirpation Wiping out complete destruction Extol Praise Extradite Deport from one country back to the originating country Extraneous Irrelevant Extrapolate Extend predict on the basis of known data Extrinsic Irrelevant on the outside F f Fabricated Made up false manufactured Facade 1 Front elevation of a building 2 False appearance or demeanor Facetious Not intended to be taken seriously Faddish Whimsical following a fashion Fallacious False Fallacy Wrong idea Fallible Capable of making mistakes Fallow Uncultivated Falter Hesitate waver Fanatical Obsessed fixated Fanaticism Passion excessive devotion Fastidious Overly particular finicky Fatuous Silly foolish Fawn Behaving in a sycophantic way grovel Feasible Possible and practicable Feckless False helpless lacking in initiative Fecund Fertile Feint Pretend attack a move intending to deceive Felicitous Apt Ferrous Concerned with iron or its compounds Fervid Passionate Fervor Passion enthusiasm Fickle Unpredictable whimsical easily swayed Figurehead Symbol of power nominal leader Filibuster Delaying tactics Finesse Skill Fitful Not continuous stopping and starting Flag 1 To lose energy 2 To signal Flagrant Clearly wrong Flail 1 Tool used to thresh grain 2 To thresh 3 To wave arms about wildly Flamboyant Showy ornate Flaunt Show off display in a showy manner Fledge 1 Grow feathers 2 Leave nest Fprant Making jokes about serious matters Flout Defy reject Flustered Workedup not calm Flybynight Unreliable disreputable Foible Quirk minor weakness Foment 1 To incite rebellion 2 To heat up Foolhardy Reckless Foppish Behaving or dressing like a dandy excessively concerned with fashion Forage Search for food Forbearing Tolerant Forensic Concerned with argument or debate especially for legal evidence Foreshadowed Indicated a future event Fortitude Bravery Fortuitous Happening by chance Fracas Fight disturbance Fractious Irritable difficult to control Fraudulent Fake false Frieze Decorative border Frivolous Not serious Fringe 1 Decorative border with tassles 2 To form an edge Froward Stubborn wayward Disobedient Frugal Economical not wasting anything Fulminate 1 Attack loudly in words denounce thunderously 2 Explode noisily Furrow G roove Furtive Hidden and secret Fusillade Long burst of gunfire Futile Useless hopeless gg Gaffe Blunder social mistake Gainsay Contradict Gall 1 Bitterness 2 Confidence 3 Abnormal growth on a plant Galleon An ancient type of sailing ship Gambit Opening move transaction Gambol Frolic leap bound Garble Distort confuse muddle Garish Gaudy Garner Gather collect Garrulous Talkative Gaucherie Awkwa rdness Gaunt Emaciated bony and angular Gavel Ajudge s hammer Genre A category type Germane Relevant Germinal Just growing not developed immature Gerontocracy Government by the aged Gibbering Making meaningless noises Gist Essence main point Glacial Hostile unfriendly cold icy Glib Slick superficial Goad Prod urge Gossamer Delicate filmy like gauze Gouge Cut or dig out Grate v 1 Annoy aggravate vex 2 Shred Gratis Free of charge without payment Gratuitous Unwarranted Gravity Seriousness Gregarious Extroverted sociable outgoing Gritty Coarse granular Guffaw Sudden loud laughter Guile Cunning craftiness Guileless Frank straightforward honest Gustatory Concerned with the sense of taste Hh Hack 1 Chop roughly 2 Person who writes to earn money 3 Hired horse Hackneyed Common and overused Halcyon Peaceful and happy calm Hallow Respect worship Hallowed Worshipped consecrated Hamper Hinder obstruct Hangar Storage areagarage for an airplane Harangue Noisy attacking speech Harbingers Indicators bringers of warnings Hapless Unlucky Haughtiness Arrogance pride Hawser Thick rope or cable Headstrong Stubborn willful Hedonism Selfindulgence pleasureseeking Hedonist A pleasureseeker Heed To pay attention to take notice of Hegemony Political domination complete authority Heresy Against orthodox opinion Heterodox Unorthodox Hiatus Interruption pause Hidebound Rigid in opinions Hoary Old Homiletics Art of preaching and giving sermons Homogeneity Evenness uniformity Hone Sharpenincreasevvhet Hortatory Encouraging extorting Hyperbole The use of gross exaggeration as a rhetorical device Hypochondriac A person obsessed with health having imaginary illnesses Hypocritical Behaving in a way that suggests one has higher standards or more noble beliefs than is the case Iconoclast A person who attacks cherished beliefs or institutions ldiosyncrasy A personal peculiarity something unique to an individual ldyll A story or incident in a peaceful or ideal setting lgnominious Shameful lgnominy Public shame or disgrace Illuminate To light up or make clear Illusory Deceptive false misleading lmmoderate Excessive extreme Immutable Unchanging permanent Impartial Unbiased neutral lmpecunious Having no money Impeding Hindering Imperative Of the utmost importance must be obeyed lmperturbability Quality of being clam and not easily disturbed lmpious Wicked profane lmportune Beg solicit lmpoverished Destitute poor lmprobity Lack of honesty or integrity lmpropriety Inappropriate behavior Impromptu Unrehearsed spontaneous lmpugned Challenged called into question Inadvertent Not intentional Incantation Chant invocation prayer Incarceration Putting in prison lncessant Without stopping lnchoate Undeveloped nascent Incipient Just beginning lncise Cut into Inclination Tendency a leaning toward Incoherent Not clear lncongruous Not fitting in out of place lnconsequential Unimportant insignificant negligible lnconspicuous Not easily seen subtle not noticeable Incubus Encumbrance nightmarish thing Incumbents Occupiers of a job or position lndecorous Unseemly inappropriate of behavior lndelible Cannot be wiped out Indicted Accused of a crime Indifferent Neutral not outstanding Indigenous Native to a particular area Indigent Poor needy lndolence Laziness Inductee Novice beginner lndulgent Pampering satisfying desires lnebriation Drunkenness intoxication lneffable Cannot be expressed in words lnefficacious Ineffective lnept Incompetent unskilled useless lnerrancy Infallibility inability to make a mistake Inertia Inactivity lethargy Inevitable Cannot be avoided lnexorable Relentless lnexpedient Not advisable lnfallible Perfect flawless cannot make mistakes Infamous Famous for something bad lnfer Deduce conclude lng nue A naive unsophisticated person lngrate Ungrateful person lnimical Hostile lniquitous Evil unjust Innate Inherited inborn lnnocuous Harmless inoffensive Innovate Create introduce something new lnscrutable Mysterious impenetrable lntelligible Can be understood lntemperate Excessive immoderate lnterregnum Interval between reigns or governments lntractability Stubbornness resistance lnsentient Unfeeling lnsipid Dull bland boring lnstigate To start provoke Instigator Troublemaker person who entices others to do something Insurgent A rebel Intangible Cannot be touched abstract lnterminable Neverending Intermittent Sporadic irregular lntransigence Stubbornness lntransigent Stubborn unyielding Intrepid Brave lnured Hardened habitual lnveigle Coax cajole wheedle entice lnveterate Habitual lnvidious Arousing envy lnviolable Cannot be invalidated lrascible Easily angered Ire Anger lrksome Irritating infuriating Ironclad Cannot be altered firm Ironic Satiric unexpected Irrational Unreasonable absurd lrreproachable Cannot be criticized perfect lrrevocable Cannot be canceled unchangeable ltinerant Nomadic wandering from place to place 41 Jaded Tired bored worn out Jamb Door post Jargon Specialized language used by experts Jaundiced Cynical pessimistic Jaunt Short pleasure trip Jeopardize Put at risk endanger Jibe Agree with complement match up with Jingoistic Extremely patriotic nationalistic Jocular In a joking manner Jockeying Maneuvering struggling to get ahead of others Jollity Gaiety happiness Jub ant Ecstatic delighted rejoicing Judicious Correct in judgement wise Jurisprudence Science or study of law Juxtapose Place next to Kk Kindle To start a fire Knotty Complex difficult to solve LI Labile Changing rapidly unstable Labyrinth A maze Labyrinthine Complicated highly convoluted Laceration A cut Lachrymose Tearful sad Lackluster Dull monotonous bland Laconic Using few words brief to the point Lacuna Gap missing part Lambaste Attack verbally Lamentation Expression of regret or sorrow Lampoon Ridicule spoof Lance Spear spike javelin Languid Tired slow Languish Decay fade away get weaker Largesse Generosity in bestowing money or gifts upon others Lassitude Lack of energy weariness Latent Hidden real but undeveloped Lavish On a grand scale wasteful Lax Careless not strict Leaven To make light modify cause bread to rise using yeast Legend 1 The key to a map 2 A myth or story Legion In large numbers Lethargic Tired without energy Levee 1 Raised bank of a river 2 Morning reception held by a monarch Levity Flippancy joking about serious matters Libertarian Someone who opposes tyranny Libertine Dissolute person prodigal Lien Right to sell property as a security legal on a job Limerick Short amusing poem Limpid Transparently clear Liniment Soothing lotion Lint Fluff soft material used to cover wounds Lithe Flexible supple Liturgy Form of warship List 1 To lean to one side 2 To write in order Livid Very angry Lobbyist Deceptive false misleading Lofty Snooty arrogant haughty Loll Laze around hang out when used of the tongue Longevity Long life Loquacious Talkative Lope Run with long strides Lucid Clear Ludicrous Ridiculous silly Lugubrious Sad gloomy Lukewarm 1 Unenthusiastic 2 Neither hot nor cold Lumber 1 Walk in an ungainly way 2 Timber wood Luminary Eminent person Lummox Clumsy person Luscious Juicy moist succulent Lynch Assassinate kill illegal hanging Mm Macerate Soften or break up by soaking weaken Machinations Plots and plans Maculated Spotted Maelstrom Whirlpool storm in the ocean Magnanimous Generous bighearted Magnate Powerful businessman Maladroit Clumsy unskilled Malady Illness Malapropism Use of similar sounding but incorrect word Malediction A curse Malefactor A wrongdoer Malign Slander Malinger Deliberater avoid work shirk Malingerer Person who deliberately tries to avoid work Malleable Flexible can be shaped Mallet Wooden hammer Manipulative Scheming Mannered Stylized pretentious Marred Damaged spoiled Marshal To gather together Marsupial Pouched mammal Martinet Person who believes in strict discipline Masochist Person who gains pleasure from intentionally inflicting pain on themselves Matriarchy Society governed by women Maudlin Sad sentimental inclined to weep Maverick A loner Meager In short supply Meander Wander from side to side Malevolent Having evil intentions Mellow Soft melodious ripe Menagerie Collection of animals Mendacious Given to lying Mercenary Concerned only with money Mercurial Volatile changeable Meretricious Falsely attractive tawdry Merge Come together Metaphorically Symbolically figuratively Mettlesome Spirited Milieu Environment Milk To squeeze obtain by application of pressure Millinery Related to hats and hatmaking Minatory Threatening Mince 1 Chop into small pieces 2 Walk with tiny steps 3 Speak in an affected manner Minion Underling servant Minutiae Small details Mire Swamp muddy ground Misanthrope Hater of the rest of mankind Misconstrue Wroneg interpret Misnomer Wrong name Misogynist Hater of women Misrepresentation A deliberate deception Mitigate Lessen make less severe Modest 1 Bashful unpretentious 2 Not excessive Modicum Small amount Momentous Very important Monolithic United in purpose forming a single unit Monotonous Dull unvarying Moralistic Concerned with morals Moratorium Temporary prohibition or halt to an activity Moribund On the point of death Morose Gloomy bad tempered Mundane Ordinary worldly Munificent Generous charitable Muse 1 Think meditate 2 A source of inspiration Mutinous Rebellious Myriad In large numbers m Nadir Lowest point Natty Neat dapper smart Nascent Emerging newly formed Navigable Suitable for sailing Nebulous Vague Nefarious Wicked immoral disreputable Negate Cancel deny Neophyte New convert tyro Neologism Newly coined word Nettle Annoy Nexus Connection Niggardly Miserly stingy Noisome Disgusting Nomadic Wandering from place to place Nonchalance An appearance of indifference calm and composed Nondescript Having no special feature dull and ordinary Nonentity A person of no importance not famous Nonplussed Confused Nostalgia Longing for the past Nostrum Remedy Notoriety Infamy known for wrong doing Novel New unusual Novice A beginner tyro Noxious Harmful poisonous lethal Nuance Something subtle a fine shade of meaning Nugatory Of minor significance futile Nullify To counter make unimportant Nuzzle Cuddle snuggle Obdurate Stubborn Obfuscate To deliberately make something difficult to understand Objective Unbiased not subjective Obligate Compulsory Oblique Indirect slanting Obliterate Destroy demolish eradicate Oblivious Totally unaware Obscure Difficult to understand partially hidden Obscured Hidden covered buried Obsequious Servile submissive Obsolete No longer valid Obtuse Mentally dull Obviate Avoid make unnecessary Occluded Obscured blocked Odious Hateful Odometer Instrument to measure distance covered Officious Domineering intrusive meddlesome Ogle Stare at observe in an obvious manner Olfactory Concerned with the sense of smell Ominous Threatening Omnipotent Allpowerful Omniscient Allknowing Onerous Burdensome hard to undertake Onus Burden Opaque Does not let light through Opprobrious Expressing great scorn Opulent Wealthy rich magnificent Orate Speak in a pompous manner Ordain 1 Destine 2 Confer holy orders on a priest Ostentatious Showy Oust Push out of a position Ornate Highly decorated Orthodox Conventional Ostracism Shunning social isolation Ossify 1 Turn to bone 2 Become fixed and rigid Overt Obvious not hidden Overwrought Worked up in an emotional state EB Paean Praise tribute Palatable Good to eat agreeable Palisade Fence made of posts Palliative A remedy that improves but doesn t cure Pallid Pale Palpable Easily felt easily perceived Palpate Medical term meaning to examine with hands Panacea Remedy for all His Panegyric Speech praising someone laudatory words Papyrus Material used for writing on before paper was invented Paradigm Example model way of looking at things Paradox Apparently contradictory statement Paragon A perfect example Paramount Of supreme importance Paranoia Mental state characterized by delusions or excessive fear Parasite 1 Scrounger 2 An organism that lives in or on another organism and benefits by taking nutrients at the host s expense Parched Dried up Pa ah An outcast from society Parity Equality Parochial Narrowminded concerned only with local matters Parody A mockery imitation for ridicule spoof Parry Ward off avoid Parsimonious Economical frugal thrifty Parsimony Stinginess frugality costcutting Partiality Bias Partisan Biased onesided committed to one group Pathos Evoking sadness or pity Patron One who gives support Patronize Condescend to behave in an arrogant manner towards Pastiche Work which imitates or is composed of parts taken from varied sources Paucity Shortage Peccadillo Minor weakness trivial offense Pedagogy Science of education teaching Pedant Person who insists on strict adherence to rules or narrow learning Pedantic Overinsistent on matters of book learning Pedestrian Common mundane banal Peer 1 An equal 2 To stare at 3 Nobleman Peerless Without equal Pejorative Derogatory Pellucid Transparently clear Penchant Inclination leaning tendency predilection Pensive In a thoughtful mood thinking deeply Penury Poverty Perceptive Observa nt Percipient Perceptive insightful Perdition Damnation Peremptory In a commanding manner Perennial Longlasting Perfidy Treachery Perfunctory Superficial cursory Peripatetic Nomadic moving from place to place Peripheral On the edge not important Perjury Telling lies under oath Pernicious Destructive harmful Persnickety Fastidious fussy Perpetuated Caused to continue Perpetuity Eternity Personable Friendly attractive Personification 1 Represent something as a person 2 A concrete example of Perspicacious Insightful sharp wise Perspicacity Insight Pertain Be relevant to Pertinent Relevant Peruse Read carefully Pervasive Spreading everywhere Petrify 1 Terrify 2 Turn tostone Petulant Sulky peevish Phenomenon An event or happening Phenomenology A branch of science concerned with things as they are perceived not directly derived from theory Philanthropy Charity love of mankind Philistine Uncultured person Phlegmatic Calm imperturbable Picayune Insignificant of little value Pied Multicolored Pillage Plunder Pine 1 Type of evergreen tree 2 To grieve or long for Pinnacle Topmost point Pious Very religious Pique 1 Annoyance 2 To stimulate interest 3 To annoy Pith Center soft part of a stem essence Pivotal Of central importance Placate Pacify soothe calm Placebo Harmless medicine with no effect Placid Calm peaceful Plagiarism Taking credit for someone ese s writing work or ideas Plaintiff Petitioner in court of law Plaintive Sad mournful Plaque 1 Surface deposits on teeth or in an artery 2 Decorative plate or sign Platitude Unoriginal obvious saying Plaudit Statement giving strong praise Plausibility BeHevabHHy Plausible Can be believed reasonable Plethora An excess Pliable Flexible not stubborn Plodding 1 walking slowly and heavily 2 uninspired Pluck Courage Plumage Feathers of a bird Plumb Measure depth Plummet To fa suddenly and steeply Podium Raised platform Poignant Deeply moving strongly affecting the emotions Poised Calm collected selfpossessed Polemical Causing debate or argument Pontificate Speak pompoust or dogmatically Portent A warning sign omen Poseur Someone who puts on an act Posterity All future generations of people Posthumous After death Postulate Hypothesize propose Posture To put on an act Potable Suitable for drinking Potent Powerful compelling strong Pragmatic Practical Pragmatist Practical person one who is concerned with usefulness Prattle Mindless talk Preamble Introductory material Precarious Unstable risky Precedent A previous occurrence used as a guide Precept Guiding principle Precinct District of a city Precipice Steep slope Precipitate 1 Hurried 2 Insoluble product of a chemical reaction 3 To instigate or speed up in action Precipitous Done in a hurry Preclude Prevent or make impossible Predecessor One who came before Predicament Dilemma difficult situation Predilection Leaning interest talent Preeminent Famous outstanding Prerogative Right or privilege Presage Forewarn of indicate Prescient Having foreknowledge Presentiment A feeling that something might happen Presumptuous Assuming too much arrogant Pretension Assumed attitude of superiority arrogance Pretentious Pompous selfimportant Preternatural Unnatural abnormal Prevaricate Speak misleadingly and evasively Primordial Present from the beginning of time Pristine UnspoHed Probity Uprightness honesty Proclivity Tendency towards Procrastinate Delay put off Prodigal Wasteful extravagant Prodigious Very large Profane Unholy Profanity Swearing cursing Profound Having deep meaning Profundity Depth Prohibitive 1 prohibiting 2 exorbitantly expensive Proletarian Member of the working class Proliferate Grow and spread Prolific Producing a lot Prone 1 Vulnerable to 2 Horizontal Propensity Tendency inclination Propitiate Appease try to gain favor Proponents Promotors supporters Prosaic Dull boring ordinary Proscribe Forbid Prosody Study of versification Prostration 1 Laying facedown 2 To be overcome with extreme weakness Protagonist Main character Protean Changeable Prot g Person under protection of or guided by another Protocol Procedure code of behavior Provincial Unsophisticated narrowminded Prolixity Wordiness Proximate Immediate nearness Prudent Cautious wise Prudish Narrowminded excessively concerned with morals Prune 1 To trim 2 A dried plum Psychosis Severe mental disturbance Puerile Childish Pugnacious Aggressive ready to fight Puissance Power Pund Expert Punctilious Paying attention to small details Purchase 1 Grip 2 Buy Purist Conservative one who insists on correct forms of language Purloin Steal Pusillanimous Cowardly Pyre Ceremonial fire Pyromania Compulsion to start fires g1 Quack Charlatan fake Quaff Drink down quickly Quagmire Marsh bog Quaint Picturesque Qualm Hesitation or fear Quandary Dilemma puzzle Quarantine Isolation to prevent the spread of disease Quarry 1 Something that is hunted 2 Mine for stone Quell Suppress Querulous Always complaining Quibble 1 To argue about minor maters 2 To play on words when finding fault 3 A minor verbal point in an argument Quintessential Most typical the perfect example of Quirk Oddity Quisling Traitor Quixotic Impractically idealistic Quotidian Daily routine Raconteur Person who relates a story Ramble Talk aimlessly Ramifications Branches subdivisions of a complex system consequences Rancor Resentment animosity bad feeling Rant Use bombastic language Rarefy Make less dense Ratify Approve consent Raucous Rough and unpleasant noises Raze Destroy demolish tear down Rebus Puzzle in which pictures give clues Rebuttal Denial Recapitulate Summarize Receptacle Container vessel holder Recant Disclaim retract statement Recluse Someone who cuts themselves off from others Reconnaissance Examination or survey conducted in advance Recondite Obscure Recuperate Get better after injury or illness Recumbent Reclining lying down Redtape Formalities paperwork official procedure Redolent Smelling off giving off odors Redress Put right something that was wrong Redundant Unnecessary superfluous Referendum Public vote Refulgent Glowing radiant Refute Disprove Regale Entertain Rekindle Relight revive Relegate Dismiss to a lower position Remorse Regret sorrow contrition Remuneration Payment for work done Renege Go back on a promise or retract a statement Renown Fame Rent Torn Repine Fret be discontented Replete Full Reprehensible Shameful very bad Rep eve A respite postponement of a sentence Reproof Scolding criticism Repudiate Shun eschew Rescind Retract repeal Resignation Acceptance of fate Resilience Resistance ability to spring back Resolution Determination Resolve 1 Firmness n 2 To settle or find a solution to a dispute or problem Resonant Echoing Respite A break intermission Resplendent Shining glowing Restorative Having the ability to restore health strength or feeling of wellbeing Reticent Restrained holding something back uncommunicative Resuscitation Revival from unconsciousness Revere Worship respect Riddled Full of usually full of holes Rife Of common occurrence Rigor Thoroughness Riveting Fascinating Robust Strong healthy tough Roster List of named Rotund Round Rue Regret Ruminate Think over something ponder Runic Mysterious magical Ruse Trick stratagem g Saccharin Falsely sweet Sacrosanct Very holy inviolable Sagacious Wise Sage A wise person Salacious Lecherous erotic Sallow Yellowish Salubrious Healthgiving Salutary Something which teaches you a lesson beneficial Sanctimonious Hypocritically holy Sanction Give approval to Sanguinary Bloodthirsty bloody Sanguine Optimistic cheerful Sap 1 Liquid inside trees 2 To drain to undermine 3 A fool Sardonic Mocking Satiate Satisfy fill completely Savant Person with knowledge Savor EMoy Saw 1 Tool for cutting 2 Wise saying Scabbard Cover for a sword Scale To climb Scapegoat Person on who blame is placed for the faults of others Score n Written form of music Scotch To prevent stop disable Scrupulous Careful diligent painstaking Scrutinize Examine carefully Scurvy 1 Disease due to lack of vitamin C 2 Contemptiblerascaly Scuttle A deep bucket for carrying coal Sedulity Thoroughness perseverance Sedulous Persevering eager and thorough Seemly Appropriate behavior decorous Seine Type of fishing net Seminal Essential formative Seminary An institution where priests are trained Sensuous AppeaHngtothesenses Sentinel Guard sentry Sequester Isolate hide away Sere Withered old Serendipity Fortunate coincidence unsought discovery Serene Calm peaceful Serrated Jagged sawlike Servile Overly submissive groveling Shard Fragment usually of something sharp such as glass of pottery Shirk Avoid Sibyl Prophetess Sinecure A job which pays salary but requires little effort Sinewy Vigorous having welldeveloped muscles Sinistral Lefthanded or counterclockwise Skeptical Doubting not gullible Skiff Small boat Skirmish A minor battle Slake Quench satisfy Slew Glut excess Slight 1 Minor 2 Perceived insult Sluggard Slowmoving lethargic person Smelt Refine an ore Smorgasbord An assortment a Swedish buffet of cold dishes Solace Comfort for grief Solicit Ask for seek Solicitous Kindly expressing care and concern Soliloquy Solo speech Somatic Concerned with the body Somnambulist Sleepwalker Soothsayer Fortune teer Sophomoric Juvenile immature Sopo c Inducing seep Sparse Spare bare meager Specious False Speckled Spotted freckled dotted Sporadic Not continuous intermittent Spu ous False SquaHd Dirty and demeaning Stagnant Still not moving Staid Dull sober serious Stanch To stop Stanza Section of a poem State Satisfy Statute Law Staunch Loyal faithful dependable Steep v To soak in water Stereotype Fixed image Stevedore A dockworker Stickler One who is strict about rules or details Stier Suppress especially noise Stinting Holding back limiting the supply Stipple Mark with many small dots Stipulate Specify Stoic Known for fortitude indifferent to pleasure or pain Stoke Add fuel to strengthen Stolid Impassive dull indifferent Stomach v To tolerate Stratagem Plot plan trick Strident Loud and harsh Stringent Strict or severe Strut 1 Supporting rod 2 To walk in an arrogant manner show off Stupefying Astonishing shocking stunning into silence Stygian Very dark Subliminal Below the threshold of consciousness Suborn Bribe Subpoena Summons to court Substantiate Give supporting evidence Subterfuge A trick Subtle Not obvious Subversive Revolutionary rebellious Succinct Concise Suffragist Someone who campaigns for voting rights Sullied Made dirty or impure Supercilious Proud and haughty Superlative Extremely good the best Supine Lying flat on one s back Supplicant Person who requests or begs for something Surly Grumpy rude Surreptitious Secret sneaky stealthy Surreptitiously Secretly furtively stealthy Susceptible Vulnerable Suspect Doubtful Sybarite Lover of luxury Sycophant Bootlicker flatterer Syllogism Type of logical reasoning Symphony A musical composition Synapse Junction between two nerve cells Syncopation Type of musical rhythm with missed beats Tt Table v Put down for future discussion Taciturn Quiet saying little Tactile Concerned with the sense of touch Talisman Lucky charm Talon Long pointed nail or claw Tamp To plug press loose matter down tightly Tangent Going off the main subject Tangible Can be touched Tardy Slow late overdue delayed Tarnished Made dull Tare 1 Weed 2 Allowance made for container when weighing Taunt hAocktease Tawdry Of little value gaudy Tedium Boredom Teetotalism Total abstinence from alcohol Temper To moderate soften Temperate Moderate Tenacious Stubborn resolute holding firm to a purpose Tendentious Dogmatic biased Tender v To offer Tentative Not certain Tenuous Flimsy not solid Terse Concise to the point Testiness Irritability Therapeutic Medicinal curative Throwback Exhibiting primitive or ancestral traits Thwart Prevent frustrate Timorous Cowardly fearful Tirade A long angry speech of criticism or accusation Toady Sycophant flatterer Tome A large book Torpid Inactive lazy stagnant Torrid Hot and steamy Torpor Dormancy sluggishness inactivity Tortuous Indirect winding Totter Walk unsteadily Tou ng Advertising supporting Toy To play with Tractable Obedient dutiful polite Tranquil Peaceful Transcendental Supernatural going beyond normal experience Transcribe Copy Transgress Go astray disobey commit a sin Transient Shortlived ephemeral Transverse To move across Travesty Parody ridiculous error Trepidation Fear Trilogy Set of three Trinket Something of little value a knickknack Trite Unoriginal dull Trivial Unimportant Truant Shirker someone absent without permission Truncate Cut short Tumult Uproar noise Turpitude Depravity Tutelary Serving as a guardian Tyro Novice beginner Ubiquitous Found everywhere omnipresent Umbrage 1 Shadow 2 Offence sense of injury Unalloyed Undiluted total Unctuous Oily using excessive flattery Undercutting Offering a lower price undermining Undergird Support strengthen Undermined Damaged attacked Underscore Emphasize Underwrite Give guarantee insure Unequivocal Clear obvious Unfetter Set free Unfrock To remove a priest from his position Unprecedented Never having happened before Unprepossessing Unattractive Unscathed Unharmed intact without a scratch Untoward Unexpected inappropriate Unwitting Not deliberate unconscious Upbraid Scold tell off reprimand Uproarious Hilarious hysterical very funny Upshot Outcome Urbane Sophisticated suave Usurp Take someone s position usually by force Usury Lending money at high interest rates Utilitarian Useful Utopian A believer in an ideal world Vacillate Waver hesitate Vacuous Empty silly meaningless Vagary Something unaccountable freak Vagrant Person wandering without a home Vapid Dull uninspiring Variegated Multicolored speckled Vehemence Violence fervor forcefulness Vehement Forceful Venal Corrupt can be bribed Veneer Surface coating Venerate Revere warship Venial Minor unimportant Venturing 1 Hazarding risking putting forward 2 Going somewhere Veracious Speaking or representing the truth Veracity Truthfulness Verbiage Excessive or meaningless wordiness Verbose Talkative longwinded rambling Verbosity Using too many words Verisimilar True to life giving the appearance of reality Veritable True genuine Vertigo Dizziness Vestigial Not developed Vicissitude Unexpected change in fortune or circumstances Vignette Small sketch Vilification Blackening of someone s name Vindicate Prove right remove blame from Virtuosity Skill expertise Virtuoso An accomplished musician Virulent Dangerous harmful Vital Essential alive important Vitiate Weaken sap energy Vitriolic Corrosive strongly attacking Vituperate To attack bitterly Vivacity Liveliness animation Vivify EnHven Vociferous Noisy loud in speech Volatile Dangerously unstable evaporates easily Volubility Excessive talkativeness Voluble Talkative Voluminous Very large spacious Voracious Ravenous Vulpine Like a fox M Waffle Talk nonsense Waft 1 Drift smoothly 2 Whiff smell Wag A witty person Waive Surrender give up Wane Grow less Wary Hesitant cautious Wax Increase in size grow Waylay Accost stop approach hinder Weighty Serious heavy Whelp Young dog Whet Sharpen Whimsical Capricious changeable Whittle 1 Carve with a knife 2 Reduce little by little Willful Stubborn Wily Cunning Wispy Flimsy frai delicate Wistful Melancholy pensive expressing a longing for Wry 1 Twisted or bent to one side 2 Dryly humorous Xx Xenophobe Person who is afraid of foreigners Zz Zany Crazyvvacky Zeal Enthusiasm Zealot Fanatic Zenith Summit
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