Anthropology 151T Spring 2011, Midterm Exam
Anthropology 151T Spring 2011, Midterm Exam ANTH 151T
Popular in Evolutionary Psychology
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
This 9 page Test Prep (MCAT, SAT...) was uploaded by martinlutharking on Friday October 9, 2015. The Test Prep (MCAT, SAT...) belongs to ANTH 151T at a university taught by in Spring 2011. Since its upload, it has received 332 views.
Reviews for Anthropology 151T Spring 2011, Midterm Exam
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/09/15
Evolutionary Psychology Anthropology 151T Spring 2011 Midterm Exam Questions 1 40 are worth 34 point each Please choose the one best answer and mark it on your 85 X 11 pink scantron sheet Include and bubblein your name and perm on the scantron Due 1210 PM Tuesday May 10 2011 1 Designs A and B have a recent common ancestor and belong to the same ecology Per generation A makes 6 copies of itself while B makes 4 copies of itself Find the condition such that natural selection favors B A Every 5th generation A makes 4 copies of itself and B makes 6 copies of itself B The organisms genetic material is not DNA C A reproduces sexually while B reproduces asexually D A forages more efficiently than B E B s copying fidelity is 1 and A s copying delity is lt 23 2 Norm of reaction designates A the evolved rule that modulates changes in an organism according to environmental variation B the optimal level of melanin to be synthesized in a given environment C the way obligate traits function in novel environments D the socially sanctioned response to neighbors actions E susceptibilities 3 The most realistic way to characterize the relationship between genes and environment taking place during the development of an individual phenotype is A traits with low heritability like having two eyes are more genetically determined than food preferences B the design features of a phenotype are determined by its environment C anatomical phenotypes are determined by their genetic codes D genes and environment determine the phenotype with 5050 input E evolution has preprogrammed particular interactions between genes and environment 4 The existence of human universals suggests that A culture and experience are the principal shapers of human behavior B human behavior is obligate C in human development learning is more important than genes D our evolved nature constrains our behavior E actually there are no universals of human behavior and culture 5 At the most abstract level natural selection favors A the survival of groups of organisms B genes with instructions for efficient enzymatic action C traits designed for coping with the strategies of conspecifics D traits that augment reproduction even when that comes at the expense of survival E all of the above 6 The Darwinian concept of fitness denotes a particular organism s A physical strength B suitability to its environment C Vigor D health E longevity 7 The existence of homologies is taken to illustrate that natural selection is a process akin to A engineering design B random generation of designs C tinkering D effort minimization E replicator propagation 8 The most important criterion to decide if something is or is not an adaptation is A design for reproduction B design for longevity C simplicity of design D universality in a species E universality in a population 9 Sexual selection designates the instances where natural selection A adorns the seX that invests the most in offspring B selects for weapons in males C enhances both sexes ecological abilities D produces traits that confer mating advantages E selects for meiotic instead of mitotic cell division 10 Which population will evolve most slowly The one where there is A little genetic variation short generation time weak selection B much genetic variation short generation time weak selection C little genetic variation long generation time weak selection D much genetic variation short generation time strong selection E all of these populations will evolve at the same rate 11 Brains are eXpected to be collections of modules because A selection favors improvements B many different problems confronted our ancestors C a mechanism that does one task well usually does others poorly D a jackofalltrades is master of none E all of the above 12 Game theory A studies social role playing B suggests that cheating is the best alternative in iterated Prisoners Dilemma C suggests that a form of reciprocity called TitforTat is a winning strategy D studies the development of children s games E none of the above 13 From a molecular point of view is the process of phenotype building while is the ultimate purpose of phenotypes A natural selection DNA B development gene eXpression C protein development D replication propagation E gene expression lgene replication 14 All new adaptations arise initially by A mutation B natural selection C mitosis D genetic drift E recombination Questions 15 and 16 refer to the graph below question 16 Assume low values are at the bottom left 15 Curve is the best approximation of the norm of reaction of Violent behavior see graph below A A B B C C D D E All may be correct because different cultures endorse Violence to varying degrees norms of reaction are eXpected to vary from one culture to another 16 Fill in the XaXis label on the graph A Perceived seX ratio B Perceived risk of being violently attacked C Objective probability of being Violently attacked D Population density E None of the above Norm of Reaction of Violent Behavior quot 2 c IV IV VI IUVG Violently il IUVI Fill in the Blank 17 One effect of sexual reproduction on polygenic traits such as depression threshold is that A the majority of the individuals in the population will have optimal phenotypes B more than one optimal phenotype will appear in each case disruptive selection C a high proportion of suboptimal phenotypes will arise in each generation D two mates with the optimal phenotype each will produce 100 optimal offspring E genetic variation will disappear more rapidly than in onegene onetrait cases 18 Assume that trait W has a heritability of 01 in a certain population This means that A 10 of that population has W while 90 of that population does not have it B the 10 with trait W will have higher fitness than the 90 without it C developmentally speaking W is determined 10 by genes and 90 by the nongenetic environment D 90 of the variation in W is accounted for by genetic differences among the individuals E 90 0f the variation in W is accounted for by environmental differences among the individuals 19 Bitter taste is an indication of while sour taste is a indication of A rotting availability of highenergy resources B useful electrolytes availability of highenergy resources C useful electrolytes bacterial byproducts D plant toxins spoilage E spoilage plant toxins 20 Povinelli and Cant s theory cited in Evolutionary Psychology Gaulin amp McBurney predicts that will pass the mirror test for self awareness A all monkeys B all squirrels C all largebodied mammals D large arboreal mammals E only birds and humans 21 Emotions A are designed to get us to do things that we have no motivation for B come in three types positive negative or neutral C constitute a system of internal rewards and punishments D were studied with the Wason selection task by Cosmides and colleagues E none of the above 22 is involved in a mechanism that encourages initiative when succeeding while promoting withdrawal when failing A Insulin B Adrenaline C Prolactin D Oxytocin E Testosterone 23 According to Daly amp Wilson cited in Evolutionary Psychology Gaulin amp McBurney the ultimate cause of the higher rates of homicidal violence in males is A males higher variance in income than females B females higher variance in income than males C males higher variance in reproductive success than females D females higher variance in reproductive success than males E males higher average reproductive success than females 24 If you only had 3 days to study for an exam and you knew that the latest day you can study is 2 days before the exam how would you optimally space the other two study days relative to the exam A 3 and 5 days before the exam B 3 and 4 days before the exam C 3 and 6 days before the exam D 4 and 6 days before the exam E 4 and 5 days before the exam 25 Memory A is best for events farther in the past B is best for events that occur only once C depends on at least three effects D is unaffected by content e g nice person vs cheater E none of the above 26 Communication the transfer of information between individuals A is always honest B exists in order to spread knowledge for its own sake C is sometimes deceptive D is always deceptive E none of the above 27 An evolutionary psychology explanation of the widespread phenomenon of the gambler s fallacy stresses that A random events did occur in the EEA B in the natural world events are typically not independent C hominids did not play games in the EEA D frequency estimation was not an adaptive problem E all of the above 28 As regards rationality the human mind A is unboundedly rational B probably uses stopping rules to optimize under constraints C probably uses fast and frugal heuristics D performs equally well regardless of the information format E none of the above 29 Illusions such as the MullerLyer illustrate A cognitive impenetrability B that forgetting is adaptive C that the human mind is like a generalpurpose computer D the SSSM E none of the above 30 Fuzzy categories eg typicality A are a good example of Tversky and Kahneman s heuristics and biases B capture the pattern of similarity seen in the living world C is an example of sensory adaptation D re ect the taxonomic structure of the world produced by natural selection E none of the above 31 As discussed in your textbook and lecture range shifting allows A facultative mate guarding B facultative sleep in relation to environmental variation C animals home ranges to vary as a function of resource distribution D males of polyginous species to have bigger ranges than males of monogamous species E sensitivity to stimuli despite enormous intensity variation 32 The fact that the retina of the vertebrate eye is wired backwards suggests that natural selection A is the only evolutionary force able to create functional designs B privileges reproduction over survival C selects for mean values of traits most of the time D works with preexisting variation E can select for different morphs in one species 33 The availability heuristic A is a fast and frugal heuristic B suggest that selection must work with available mutations C produces good accurate results D makes specific testable predictions E none of the above 34 Group selection A Is a plausible explanation for the kind of altruism we see in human societies B Predicts preferential treatment of some group members over others C Could operate it the population structure were right D Predicts selfish traits E Could not under any circumstances overcome the force of individual selection 35 Forgetting A Shows that natural selection simply can t solve every problem B Is a plausible adaptation to the tradeoff between the challenges of storage and retrieval C Depends entirely on the practice effect D As demonstrated by Linda Mealy is independent of the social relevance of the information E none of the above 36 Performance on the Wason selection task A shows that people are innate logicians B shows that abstract problems are much harder to solve than concrete ones C suggests that selection for reciprocity may have shaped human cognitive processes D shows that if P then Q problems are equally difficult regardless of their content E shows little if anything about the human mind 37 Guilt A is a cultural invention designed to compel compliance to authority B might function to motivate repair of important reciprocal relationships C is one of many examples suggesting that emotions are fundamentally irrational and not worthy of scientific study D would always interfere with productive fitness enhancing behavior E none of the above 38 SeX differences in cognitive performance A seem reliable with respect to spatial memory for edible plants B should not be studied to avoid Charges of sexism C are unlikely to have an evolutionary basis because all members of a species are subject to the same selection pressures D always favor men E None of the above 39 What seems to be true about the size weight illusion A when comparing two same weighted objects the larger one is usually perceived to be heavier B when comparing two samesized objects the heavier one is perceived to be smaller C to be thrown equally far the larger of two objects needs to be lighter D the illusion curve matches how much heavier the larger of two objects must be to be thrown as well as the smaller one E All of the above 40 Which of the following would favor a facultative adaptation as opposed to distinct local obligate adaptations A A species subdivided into many local populations each with a stable environment and minimal migration between them B A high positive correlation e g similarity between the environment of parents and offspring C Environments that vary significantly over the lifetime of individuals D Facultative adaptations are always better than obligate ones E Obligate adaptations are always better than facultative ones because they are Cheaper developmentally speaking The End
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'