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ch. 2

by: Mina Notetaker
Mina Notetaker
Oral Communication

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About this Document

These notes are very detailed
Oral Communication
Test Prep (MCAT, SAT...)
75 ?




Popular in Oral Communication

Popular in Communication Studies

This 2 page Test Prep (MCAT, SAT...) was uploaded by Mina Notetaker on Monday January 12, 2015. The Test Prep (MCAT, SAT...) belongs to Comm103 at San Diego State University taught by Rapp in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 145 views. For similar materials see Oral Communication in Communication Studies at San Diego State University.


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Date Created: 01/12/15
Comm Notes Ch 2 culture the totality of learned shared symbols language values and norms that distinguish one group of people from another Societies groups of people who share common symbols language value and norms o Distinguishing between ingroups and outgroups a Ingroupsgroups of people with which a person identi es b Outgroup groups of people with which a person does not identify Ex going to another country 0 Acquiring a culture a Ethically people s perception of ancestry or heritage b Culture is related to our nationality which is our citizen of a particular country c Enculturation the process of acquiring a culture 0 What is a coculture a Coculture groups of people who share values customs and norms related to mutual interests or characteristics besides their national citizenship 0 Components of cultures and soculture a Culture vary in their symbols b Culture vary in their language c Culture value ub their values I Power Achievement Hedonism experiencing fun and pleasure Simulation having novelty excitement challenge in life Selfdirection Universalism appreciating and caring about all people Tradition respecting the customs ideas of your religion and culture Conformity observing social norms and inhabiting actions I Security d Culture vary in their norms I Norms are rules 0 How culture affects communication a individualistic versus collectivistic cultures I Individualistic a culture in which people believe that primary responsibility is to themselves I Collectivistic cultures a culture in which people believe that their primary responsibility is to their families their communities and their employees b Lowcontext versus highcontext cultures I Lowcontext culture a culture in which people are expected to be direct and to say what they mean I Highcontext culture a culture in which people taught to speak in an indirect inexplicit way they speech less of directed way c Lowpowerdistance versus highpower distance culture I Lowpowerdistance culture a culture in which people believe that no one person or group should have excessive power everyone is equal I Highpowerdistance culture certain groups such as the royal family have a greater power than the average citizen d Masculine versus feminine cultures I Masculine culture a culture in which people cherish traditionally masculine values and prefer sex specific roles for women and men I Feminine culture a culture in which people cherish traditionally feminine qualities and prefer little differentiation in the roles of women and men e Monochronic or polychronic cultures I Monochronic culture a culture that view time as a finite and tangible commodity I Polychronic culture a culture that views time as hostis uid and finite f Uncertainty avoidance the extent to which people try to avoid situations that are unstructured unclear or unpredictable o Communicating with cultural awareness a Be openminded about cultural differences I Be mindful awareas in being aware of how other cultures behaviors and ways of thinking are likely to differ from one s own b Avoid ethnocentrism the tendency to judge other cultures practices as inferior to one s own 0 Be knowledgeable about different communication codes a Communication codes verbal and nonverbal behaviors whose meanings are often understood only be people from the same culture I Cultures use different idioms I Cultures use different Jargon O Jargon language whose technical meaning is understood by people by people within a given coculture but not necessarily by those outside it I Cultures use different gestures 0 Be exible and respectful when interacting with others a Expect Ambiguity b Appreciate differences in access to communication technology c Adapt to others I Adapt to change one s behavior to accommodate what others are doing


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