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Test 2 Notes

by: Alyssa Hendrixson

Test 2 Notes CJ 100

Alyssa Hendrixson
GPA 3.0
Intro to Criminal Justice
Douglas Klutz

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About this Document

Notes for Test 2
Intro to Criminal Justice
Douglas Klutz
Test Prep (MCAT, SAT...)
75 ?




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This 4 page Test Prep (MCAT, SAT...) was uploaded by Alyssa Hendrixson on Tuesday January 13, 2015. The Test Prep (MCAT, SAT...) belongs to CJ 100 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Douglas Klutz in Winter2013. Since its upload, it has received 335 views. For similar materials see Intro to Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.

Similar to CJ 100 at UA

Popular in Criminal Justice


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Date Created: 01/13/15
Cl 100 Test 2 Notes 0 The goals of criminal justice 0 Doing justice Fairness in laws Upholding the rights of individuals Punishing those who violate the law 0 Controlling crime Arresting prosecuting conviction and punishing those who violate the law Much be carried out within the framework of the law 0 Preventing crime Deterrent effort of action of police court and corrections 0 Police 0 About 50 federal law enforcement agencies 17876 state and local law enforcements agencies 0 About police function Images if policing come mainly from ction 0 Law and Order Without a Trace Criminal Minds 0 History of policing required that groups of ten families called tithing agree to uphold the law keep order and bring violators to court With the growth of commerce and history cities expanded while farming declined urbanization In 1829 created the force in quotbobbiesquot Policing was localized to prevent a national force that would threaten civil liberties Controlled by democratically elected officials Policing in America 0 By 1840 the of policing had emerged 18401920 0 Close ties between the police and local political leaders 0 The 19201970 Progressive movement focused on attaining a more ef cient government and crime ghting focus The police have to get out of politics and politics had to get out of the police 0 The 19702001 Moving away from the crime ghting focus Greater emphasis on keeping order and providing services to the community 2001present Cl 100 Test 2 Notes quotHomeland securityquot and antiterrorism efforts are the new era in policing 0 Federal Law Enforcement 0 Homeland security Transportation Security Administration 0 Provide security for the nation39s transportation system FAMS 0 in the law enforcement community US Customs and Border Patrol 0 0 Protect 1900 miles with Mexico and 5000 miles of border with Canada 0 CBP Officer Border checkpoints Originally established in 1865 solely to suppress the counterfeiting of US currency 0 Dual mission now protection of national and international leaders and safeguard our nancial infrastructure 0 DO department ofjustice 1 priority is to protect the US from Nation s oldest and most versatile federal law enforcement agency 1789 Serve as the Apprehend more than half of all federal fugitives protect the federal judiciary operate Witness Security Program transport federal prisoners seize criminal property etc Changes in recruitment efforts 0 Starting base salary ranges from 3050k 0 Education level is increasing for potential recruits 0 Expansion of criminal justice programs 0 Do collegeeducated of cers perform better than those who lack advanced education 0 Organizational stress Scheduling changes irregular work hours detailed rules and procedures 0 Personal stress Worklife etc 0 Operational stress Cl 100 Test 2 Notes Total effect of dealing with lawbreakers Police response and action 0 Police are 0 Usually arrive at the scene after the crime was committed o Incidentdriven policing Reactive approach that focuses on quick response Preventative patrol 3 sections were divided into quotreactive patrolquot a preventative patrol withdrawn quotproactive patrolquot 4 times the normal level and a control group normal levels of patrol 0 Research shows that crime is not spread evenly over all places and times like once thought Resources should focus on concentrating policing efforts to quothot spotsquot Io Studies have shown that response times have o In about 34 of crime calls the police are already in a reactive roe 14 quotinvolvementquot crimes 0 Research ndings Foot patrols do not have a great impact on reducing crime Citizen satisfaction with the police increases Increased foot patrols do not reduce the fear of crime in terms of performance two of cer patrol received more complaints 0 Two of cer patrols involved in more resisting arrest confrontations and critical incidents Do Detectives Really Solve Crime 0 Detectives were responsible for clearing less than 3 of all index crimes 0 Reality is bulk of detective39s time is spent on cases that will never be solved 0 So who is responsible for solving the majority of crimes Patrol of cer rst on scene 0 Abuse of Power 0 Police Brutality The intentional use of excessive force 0 What is Any force beyond what is necessary to arrest a suspect and keep police and bystanders safe Cj 100 Test 2 Notes 39 1985 o to believe that the suspect poses a signi cant threat of death or serious physical injury 0 use of against a subject is the possible Police Corruption Of cers who accept payoffs that the routines of police work being their way small gratuities soliciting small payments etc Officers who actively use their power for personal gain protecting drug rings quotshaking downquot drug dealers etc Bail Pretrial Release Sum of money or property speci ed by a judge that the defendant must present to the court in order to gain pretrial release Will be forfeited if the defendant does not appear in court as scheduled Bail Bondsmen 0 Private businesses that loan money to defendant who lack the money to make bail 0 Charge a usually to put up money to gain the defendant39s release 0 If charges are dropped or a defendant is acquitted the bondsman still keeps the fee paid to make bail o Hired by bondsmen to nd defendants who have skipped out on bail


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