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Chapter 2 Notes

by: Alyssa Hendrixson

Chapter 2 Notes COM 101

Alyssa Hendrixson
GPA 3.0
Principles of Human Communication
Angela Billings

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Principles of Human Communication
Angela Billings
Test Prep (MCAT, SAT...)
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This 4 page Test Prep (MCAT, SAT...) was uploaded by Alyssa Hendrixson on Tuesday January 20, 2015. The Test Prep (MCAT, SAT...) belongs to COM 101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Angela Billings in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 98 views. For similar materials see Principles of Human Communication in Communication Studies at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 01/20/15
Com 101 Lecture Notes 0 Early Communication 0 Cave paintings dating back to 30000 BC in Egypt Babylon India and China 0 Earliest forms of the alphabet in 2000 BC 466 BC o Sicily experienced upheaval Fight to prove their homeland was theirs o Corax and Tisias studied way to help people order idea Construction of persuasion o Rhetoric Communication that is used to in uence the attitude or behaviors of others 0 Classical Period 0 5th century BC4th Century BC Communication was important in ancient Greece 0 Greece revered the spoken word Emphasis on persuasion and argumentation 0 Who could argue better 0 True or false did not matter 0 Plato quotMasking the truthquot 0 White free males counted as citizens No women 0 No professional lawyers Lyceum 0 Classes were in the morning 0 Walk and discuss in the afternoon 0 Paidagogos would assist you Learn through discussions Aristotle o Believed a speaker could sway an audience through Ethos Perceived credibility Pathos Emotional appeals Logos 0 Logic 0 Canon of rhetoric o lnvenUon Deciding subject matter 0 Arrangement Introduction purpose body conclusion 0 Style Proper words to convey message 0 Memory Hold content in mind 0 Delivery Pleasing voice and graceful gestures Com 101 Lecture Notes 0 Medieval and Renaissance o 7 liberal arts of Roman39s used a school curriculum Trivium Grammar Rhetoric Logic Quadrivium Geometry Music Arithmetic Astronomy Goal was no longer to discover possible truth through debate but to instruct the faithful in the quotwill of Godquot 0 Modern Period 0 Sir Francis Bacon First social scientist Studied communication as a science and not an art 0 People started believing that political and moral problems could be solved through free speech 0 Oral tradition of learning Elocution Movement 0 People believed they should present themselves properly in society and take part in society Changed their speech in order to t in o Elocution Mechanics of public speaking proper pronunciation posture and grammar 0 Thought of communication as a physical science 0 US Concerned primarily with the Church and clergy How ministers communicated with people Trained lawyers and preachers into strong communicators The Great Debate 0 Does it HAVE to be one 0 Different questions need different tools If all you have is a HAMMER everything looks like 0 Impact of war 0 How did Hitler Mussolini and Stalin persuade their citizens Contemporary Approaches 0 Social Science Behaviorism Goal of research 0 The describe predict and explain View of reality 0 External and describable View of human behavior 0 Complex but predictable Primary methods Com 101 Lecture Notes 0 Quantitative analysis of surveys observation experiments focused interviews Contributions Identi es communication patterns among variables Limitations 0 does not focus on the in uence if power or societal forces 0 Critical Goal of research 0 The describe predict and explain context View of reality Subjective View of human behavior 0 Creative and voluntary Primary methods Qualitative analyses of rhetoric texts and ethnographic data such as participantobservation observation interviews Contributions Emphasizes indepth study if communication Limitations 0 Limited number of participants does not focus on power or societal forces 0 Interpretive Humanism Goal of research 0 To describe explain and understand society in order to affect change View of reality Subjective and material View of human behavior Resistive Primary methods Textual analysis media analysis Contributions Emphasizes power relations in communication interactions recognizes societal impact on communication Limitations 0 Does not focus on facetoface communication 0 Postmodern Goal of research 0 The understand the contemporary human condition View of reality Subjective View of human behavior Fluid Primary methods Com 101 Lecture Notes Textual analysis participantobservation Contributions 0 Challenges assumptions about gender race ethnicity and other social categories Limitations 0 Does not focus on facetoface communication may be viewed as pessimistic and impractical Every good researcher is attempting to understand a situation 0 Selecting a topic for investigation Studying what other researchers have already learned Gathering data Analyzing the data Providing an explanation of the ndings OOOO


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