Vocabulary For Skull, Tissue
Vocabulary For Skull, Tissue 21655
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This 12 page Test Prep (MCAT, SAT...) was uploaded by Lauren Kinker on Friday January 23, 2015. The Test Prep (MCAT, SAT...) belongs to 21655 at Indiana University taught by James Heersma in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 67 views. For similar materials see ANAT-A 215 Lab in Anatomy at Indiana University.
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Date Created: 01/23/15
Quizlct Study online at quizlet com13u rdm 1 altas 4 body centrum first vertebra in the cervical vertebrae allows for nodding has no vertebral body 2 alveolar 7 A process 5 carotid canal ridge of bone ont he maxilla that contains the sockets alveoli for the upper teeth 3 axis 6 cervical vertebra second vertebra in the cervical vertebrae group allows for rotating the head left and right has an extension of its vertebral body called the dens odontoid process 7 coccygeal region LAB CH 4 Skeletal System skull bones Th Dirsci write bra all but the rst have a large mass that connects with a thin arch called the vertebral arch anterior to the jugular foramen passing medially and anteriorly as it enters the skull to end at a posterior corner of the sphenoid bone39s sella turcica oxygenated blood passes through rst 7 vertebrae 2 tranverse foramen atlas axis contains three foramen in total in all normally four small vertebrae that fuse to form the coccyx 8 coccyx 9 coronal suture 1o costal facets 11 cribriform plate frontal and parietal bones are connected by this brous joint Imusmum smooth areas on the transverse processes where ribs articulate with the thoracic vertebrae g is 1quot horizontal plate of bone within the ethmoid bone looks perforated CAUTION don39t mix it up with the vomer in picture provided it is shown through the palatine plate in a normal skull with this same view it would not be visible 12 dens odontoid process part of the axis vertebra projection of the axis vertebral body 13 ethmoid bone perpendicular plate best seen within the cranial cavity but can be seen on the external and orbit as well located posterior to the nasal bone 14 external acoustic auditory meatus canal i i g is I posterior to the mandibular fossa on a transverse view this is posterior to the zygomatic process CAUTION don39t mess this up with the carotid canal or the jugular foramen 15 external occipital protuberance 19 hyoid bone usually Prominent POinted Proj eC on 0 not part of the skull U shaped bone posterior the POSteriOI39 surface 0f the bone more and inferior to the mandible only seen on prominent on males than females COMPLETE SKELETON 16 foramen 2Q inferior 39 I 1 magnum articular R processes Eup Eu iiar HiBW occipital bone contains a large hole known as large hole Lateral view 17 frontal bone 21 inferior nasal conchae forms the forhead anterior roof of te skull and the superior walls of the orbits 18 frontal sinus 39 a on the lateral sides of the nasal cavity two small curled bones 115 E develops during puberty connects the nasal cavity via a small duct only seen on sagittal view number one one the diagram provided 22 infraorbital foramen 23 internal acoustic auditory meatus canal 24 jugular foramen 25 lacrimal bones opening inferior to the orbit part of each maxilla within the cranial cavity may be seen on the posterior side of the petrous part image to come I 4 quot 1 lies in the suture between temporal and occipital bones deoxygenated blood passes though medial to the internal meatus and posterior to the carotid canal form a small portion of the medial wall of the orbits on the left and right side 26 lambdoid suture 27 lumbar vertebra 28 mandible 29 mandibular fossa connects the parietal bones with the occipital bone 5 vertebrae very large bodies broad spinous processes this bone forms the lower jaw inferior to the proximal end of the zygomatic process is the where the mandible articulates 34 occipital 3o mastoid bone process rounded bump like elevation posterior to the located posteriorly and inferiorly back of the head external acoustic meatuscanal 31 maxillae 35 occipital condyles I if 7 upper jaw and most of the hard palate are formed on the left and right side of the foramen by the left and right portion of this bone magnum medial to the temporal bones 32 middle 3 quot 39 39 39 articulate with the rst cervical channel nasal I vertebrea chonchae 21 a quot123 36 Optic T a canals 7 Optic 3331 EB 39 395 foramina 1 Z x mpmq f Mn 1 Z n SEEN ON HALF HEAD MODEL ONLY inferior to superior nasal conchae number four on the image 33 nasal bones 37 palatine bones forms the bridge of the nose 1 posterior third of the hard palate is formed by the left and right sides of this bone 38 palatine process 39 parietal bone 40 petrous part 41 pterygoid processes 42 ribs pug i 7 part of the maxilla that articulates with the horizontal plate of the palatine bone Location of this bone is posterior to the frontal bone both sides are separated by sagittal suture of the temporal bone dense bony ridge projecting up into the cranial cavity contains the auditory ossicles which will be studied later in another chapter looks like the top of a mountain ridge VFW 2 vertical plates seen on the inferior side of the skull twelve pairs 43 sacral region 44 sacrum 45 sagittal suture 46 sella turcica 47 sphenoid bone 5 separate vertebrae that form the sacurm region of vertebrae inferior to the lumbar region and superior to the cocch rounded depression of the sphenoid process is known as also houses the pituitary gland Large butter y bone posterior to the nasal bone 48 sphenoidal sinus 49 spinous process 50 styloid process 51 superior articular processes 2 SEEN ONLY ON ON THE BISECTED SKULLS AND HALF HEAD MODEL cavity within the butter y bone H on image thin pointed projection of bone broken off several of the lab specimens anterior and medial to the mastoid process looks like a stylus for a tablet Th cracir rm te bra Superior View Lamra l View projections superior of the vertebrea 52 superior nasal conchae 53 superior orbital ssures 54 temp oral bones 55 thoracic vertebra Litl 1 D gu SEEN ON HALF HEAD MODEL ONLY lateral parts of the ethmoid bone superior to middle nasal conchae letter A on the image inferior sides of the cranial vault are formed by the left and right side of these bones Lateral H39xitrg39w Superior View 12 vertebrae each articulate with ribs have costal facets on its body 56 transverse foramen 57 transverse processes 58 vertebral foramen 59 vomer L a holes on the left and right side of the cervical vertebrae two of the three foramen I the nasal septum that divides the nasal cavity into left and right halves so zygomatic bone connecting with the lateral sides of the maxillae and form the prominence of the cheek 61 zygomatic process 35 I a each temporal bone has a long slender anteriorly projecting process know and the process keratinized stratified squamous epithelium SKIN many layers of cells those near the basement membrane appear darker and more rounded those near the free space appear lighter attened and indistinguishable basement membrane is folded not parallel to the apical snrfa 39e nonciliated simple columnar epithelium SMALL INTESTINE single layer of cells each like a tall columns with an elongated nucleus near its base adipose connective tissue 5 4 1th 3x connective tissue that contain large numbers of fat cells 77 it v7 V areolar connective tissue connective tissue often packed between and around other tissues in general they support structures by may also have special funntinnq dense irregular connective tissue 1 connective tissue that thecollagen 3 ber bundles are arranged randomlv dense regular connective tissue connective tissue that the bers have an orderlv arrangement epithelial tissue covering surfaces and having one side free and the other attached to underlying supportive tissue goblet cells unicellular glands small intestine interspersed throughout the corresponding epithelium muscular tissue specialized for contraction HBI39VOUS tissue specialized for impulse conduction integration and storage of information pseudostratified ciliated clumnar epithelium TRACHEA appears to have more than one layer of nuclei but is simple because all cells touch the basement mpml ramo even if tl39mv in nn r all rpar h the anion curfanp simple cuboidal epithelium simple epithelia type of epithelia that consist of a single layer of cells simple squamous epithelium tissue found in the kidney small round structures scattered through out the slide magnify one and note the circular clear space around it is lined by very at cells with a dark attened nucleus stratified epithelia type of epithelia that always two or more cell layers only the cells of the deepest layer contact the basement membrane transitional epithelium URETER takes two appearances surface cells may appear cuboidal or dome shaped when not stretched when stretched surface cells appear atter the basement membrane nearly parallels the apical surface