Three bottles A, B, and C have been found, each of which contains a liquid and is labeled amine C8H11N. As an expert in amine chemistry, you have been hired as a consultant and asked to identify each compound. Compounds A and B give off a gas when they react with NaNO2 and HCl at 0 8C; C does not. However, when the aqueous reaction mixture from the diazotization of C is warmed, a gas is evolved. Compound A is optically inactive, but when it reacts with (1)-tartaric acid, two isomeric salts with different physical properties are obtained. Titration of C with aqueous HCl reveals that its conjugate acid has a pKa 5 5.1. Oxidation of C with H2O2 (a reagent known to oxidize amino groups to nitro groups), followed by vigorous oxidation with KMnO4, gives p-nitrobenzoic acid. Oxidation of B in a similar manner yields 1,4- benzene dicarboxylic acid (terephthalic acid), and oxidation of A yields benzoic acid. Identify compounds A, B, and C.
What happens after arrest Layer 1: The Celebrated Cases o The top and smallest layer o Only tier that comes close to meeting desired standards of procedural justice o Receives all that the CJ process has to offer. o Celebrated cases o High media profile o Highest criminal court system Layer 2: The Serious Felonies o Serious felonies o Full attention of the CJ system o Highest criminal court in system Layer 3: The Lesser Felonies o Less serious than level 2 o Offenders often know victims o Resolved through plea bargaining Layer 4: The Misdemeanors o Bottom and largest layer of the “wedding cake” model o Where the vast majority of defendants are dealt with informally o C