(a) When water freezes, its volume increases by 9.05% (that is, ?V / V? = 0? 9.05×10? ). What force per unit area is water capable of exerting on a container when it freezes? (It is acceptable to use the bulk modulus of water in this problem.) (b) Is it surprising that such forces can fracture engine blocks, boulders, and the like?
Step-by-step solution Step 1 of 2 The volume of the freezing water increase by 9,05%. So the ratio of increase in volume to initial volume of the water is; The bulk modulus of the juice ; The increase in volume pressure to its container; the force exerted by the freezing water per unit area; Hence, the force per unit area is .