Consider the titration of 100.0 mL of 0.100 M NaOH with 1.00 M HBr. Find the pH at the following volumes of acid added and make a graph of pH versus Va: Va 0, 1, 5, 9, 9.9, 10, 10.1, and 12 mL.
VSEPR Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory (VSEPR) is a qualitative theory that allows us to predict the geometry of molecules based upon their Lewis structures. This model looks at the repulsion of different electron regions (either bonding or non-bonding) and chooses a geometry that minimizes their repulsions. Valence Bond Theory The valence bond model is a quantum mechanical model for understanding bonding in molecules. However, now it is mostly used by chemists as a means to describe the bonding with organic systems qualitatively. The idea is that bonds form between atoms as a result of the overlap of atomic orbitals. This leads to what we would call a localized bonding picture. You can point to a bond in a molecule and say what types of atomic orbitals lead to that parti