There were 12 minutes of commercials during the one-hourprogram. What was the ratio of commercial to noncommercial timeduring the one-hour program? Explain how you found your answer.

Generalized Principle of Counting If ‘r’ experiments are to be performed, where ‘n’ represents the number of outcomes for an experiment, then the total number of outcomes is expressed by the following: ◦ n 1* n 2* … * n r Example(s) ◦ Suppose a car comes with 5 different colors, 3 different models, dealer protection potential, and leather or cloth seats. How many different outcomes are possible ▪ 5 * 3 * 2 * 2 = 60 ◦ Suppose an Oregon license plate comes with 6 characters, 3 of which are letters, and the other 3 being numbers. How many different outcomes are possible ▪ 26 * 10 = 17,576,000 Permutations If there are ‘n’ objects that you want to rearrange, then the