Determine the maximum bending stress in the handle of the cable cutter at section a-a. A force of 45 lb is applied to the handles.
4.0 Memory Management The main purpose of a computer system is to execute programs. These programs, together with the data they access, must be at least partially in main memory during execution. To improve both the utilization of the CPU and the speed of its response to users, a general- purpose computer must keep several processes in memory. Many memory-management schemes exist, reflecting various approaches, and the effectiveness of each algorithm depends on the situation. Selection of a memory-management scheme for a system depends on many factors, especially on the hardware design of the system. Most algorithms require hardware support. 4.1 Main Memory The CPU can be shared by a set of processes. As a result of CPU scheduling, we can improve both the utilization of the CPU and the speed of the computer’s response to its users. To realize this increase in performance, however, we must keep several processes in memory—that is, we must share memory. There are various ways to manage memory. The memory management algorithms vary from a primitive bare-machine approach to paging and segmentation strategies. Each approach has its own advantages and disadvantages. Selection of a memory-management method for a specific system depends on many factors, especially on the hardware design of the system. Many algorithms require hardware support, leading many systems to have closely integrated hardware and operating-system memory management . 4.2 Basic Hardware Main memory and the registers built into the processor itself are the only general-purpose storage that the CPU ca