Grades A Statistics instructor created a linear regression equation to predict students final exam scores from their midterm exam scores. The regression equation was Fin = 10 + 0.9 Mid. a) If Susan scored a 70 on the midterm, what did the instructor predict for her score on the final? b) Susan got an 80 on the final. How big is her residual? c) If the standard deviation of the final was 12 points and the standard deviation of the midterm was 10 points, what is the correlation between the two tests? d) How many points would someone need to score on the midterm to have a predicted final score of 100? e) Suppose someone scored 100 on the final. Explain why you cant estimate this students midterm score from the information given. f) One of the students in the class scored 100 on the midterm but got overconfident, slacked off, and scored only 15 on the final exam. What is the residual for this student? g) No other student in the class achieved such a dramatic turnaround. If the instructor decides not to include this students scores when constructing a new regression model, will the R2 value of the regression increase, decrease, or remain the same? Explain. h) Will the slope of the new line increase or decrease?

STAT 2004 Week 2 Lecture 5 Fri. 01/27/17 Observational study: data analysis where researcher does not interfere with data outcomes Experiment: researcher directly interferes with data outcomes y imposing treatments and controls Observational An example of an observational study would be a survey: did you get a flu shot Observational studies help establish correlation Experiment Randomly assign a treatment group (flu shot) and a control group (no flu shot) Help establish causation Sample frame: data has to be assigned with a number (a list of people, each have a number that doesn’t repeat) 194,147,134,33,62 Strata: (singular- stratum): subgroups or demographics of a population Stratified random sample: first break population into stra