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Get Full Access to Organic Chemistry - 8 Edition - Chapter 12 - Problem 6
Get Full Access to Organic Chemistry - 8 Edition - Chapter 12 - Problem 6

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# How many alkyl halides are obtained from monochlorination of the alkanes in if

ISBN: 9780134042282 482

## Solution for problem 6 Chapter 12

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

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Problem 6

How many alkyl halides are obtained from monochlorination of the alkanes in if stereoisomersare included?

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Chapter 18 – Ketones and Aldehydes Chapter 18 is divided into 2 parts: synthesis of ketones/aldehydes, and then reactions of ketones/aldehydes. Again, it’s a lot of reactions, but if you understand the properties of ketones/aldehydes, it is usually easy to predict how it will react with given reagents, and the product that follows. You don’t have to memorize many mechanisms. I recommend you do because it helps understand what is going on, but it is not required. You guys have already covered many synthesis reactions in the previous chapters, which I will do a quick review of below. This will not be directly asked on your exam, but will be useful to know during synthesis questions involving ketones/aldehydes. Review of old synthesis of ketones/aldehydes Oxidation of Alcohols (Ch 11): A 2 alcohol + Cr(VI) = ketone, A 1 alcohol + Cr(VI) = carboxylic acid. To stop at the aldehyde, use PCC or Swern oxidation (DMSO) Ozonolysis (Ch 8): An simple alkene + Ozone (O ) and3(CH ) S = 23 2tones/aldehydes (breaks the double bond and forms 2 C=Obonds). Remember that aldehydes do not oxidize to carboxylic acids in this reaction, but when reacted with KMnO , aldehydes will 4xidize to carboxylic acids! Friedel-Crafts Acylation (Ch 17): a benzene ring + an acid chloride with AlCl = ketone attached to benzene ring. Remember it can’t 3 occur on very deactivated rings (can still occur with halogens attached, but not with any carbonyl g

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