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Write Lewis structures for these compounds. Show all valence electrons. None of

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9781133952848 | Authors: William H. Brown, Brent L. Iverson, Eric Anslyn, Christopher S. Foote ISBN: 9781133952848 483

Solution for problem 1.27 Chapter 1

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

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Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9781133952848 | Authors: William H. Brown, Brent L. Iverson, Eric Anslyn, Christopher S. Foote

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

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Problem 1.27

Write Lewis structures for these compounds. Show all valence electrons. None of themcontains a ring of atoms.(a) Hydrogen peroxide, H2O2 (b) Hydrazine, N2H4 (c) Methanol, CH3OH

Step-by-Step Solution:
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3/9/16-3/23/16 ElectronConfiguration • MainGroupelementsformmonatomicionsthathaveanoblegas configuration( )▯ • SoOxygenwhichisnormally1 2 2 becomes andhasthesame electronconfigurationasNeon • Calciumwilltrytoattainthenoblegasconfigurationbygoingfrom → Calciumwouldthenhavethesameelectronconfigurationas Argon • ImportantNote:CalciumcangobacktoArgonbecauseitismucheasierfor ittoloseelectrons,thanitisforcalciumtogainthem.Bromine,however, wouldn’tloseelectronsandgobacktoArgon,insteaditwouldgainan electronandhavethesameelectronconfigurationasKrypton • TransitionMetals(themiddleoftheperiodictable)don’tnormallyobtaina noblegasconfiguration • Transitionmetalswill‘steal’electronsfroms-shelltotryandgetastabled- shell. • d-orbitals-arestablewhentheyarehalffull,andwhentheyarefull,sowhen theyhave5or10electrons.Theywillstealelectronsfromthes-orbitalto obtain5or10electrons • Crnormallyhasahalffilled3dorbital(becauseitstoleoneelectronfromthe 4sorbital),in▯ thed-orbitalonlyhas3electrons.1electronwas removedfromthe4sorbital(theonlyelectronthe4sorbitalhad)andthe othertwowereremovedfromthe3dorbital. • Electronsinthetransitionmetalsaretakenfromthes-orbitalfirst,followed bythed-orb

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Chapter 1, Problem 1.27 is Solved
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 7
Author: William H. Brown, Brent L. Iverson, Eric Anslyn, Christopher S. Foote
ISBN: 9781133952848

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Write Lewis structures for these compounds. Show all valence electrons. None of