When 4-hydroxybutanoic acid is treated with an acid catalyst, it forms a lactone(a cyclic ester). Draw the structural formula of this lactone and propose a mechanism forits formation.
Electrolytes are very important in the functioning of our nervous system, muscles, and heart. Your body needs to have a certain level of the electrolytes – not too many, not too few Covalent Bonds 1. These bonds are created when atoms share electrons. They are “borrowed”. 2. The sharing of atoms creates bonds that are MUCH stronger than ionic bonds. 3. Many carbon-containing compounds form covalent bonds. Hydrogen also tends to form covalent bonds.