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Chloroformates have the functional groupOR O Cl, in which R is often a tert-butylor

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9781133952848 | Authors: William H. Brown, Brent L. Iverson, Eric Anslyn, Christopher S. Foote ISBN: 9781133952848 483

Solution for problem 18.69 Chapter 18

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

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Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9781133952848 | Authors: William H. Brown, Brent L. Iverson, Eric Anslyn, Christopher S. Foote

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

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Problem 18.69

Chloroformates have the functional groupOR O Cl, in which R is often a tert-butylor benzyl group. A chloroformate is used in the following synthesis of the antibacterialdrug linezolid (Zyvox).

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Step 1 of 3

I. Chapter 11 Continued A. Concentration Units 1. Molarity (M) a. M = moles/liters b. [KCl] means molarity of a KCl solution 2. Molality (m) a. m = moles/kg of solvent b. mass-based and independent of temperature 3. Mass Fraction a. Mass fraction = mass of solute/total mass b. Mass percent = mass fraction * 100% 4. Mass Percent a. Mass percent is parts per hundred i. Ppm = part per million ii. Ppb = parts per billion iii. Ppt = parts per trillion b. 1 ppm of solute in water = 1 mg/1000g of solution i. Since 1 L of H2O has a mass of 1000 g: 1. 1 ppm = 1 mg/L 2. 1 ppb = 1 ug/L 3. 1 ppt = 1 ng/L 5. Problems: B. Colligative Properties 1. Dependent on number of solute “units” in solution 2. Particle type is unimportant a. Ex. Vapor pressure -> Solvent of vapor pressure is lowered by dissolved solvents C. Raolt’s Law 1. A nonvolatile solute in a volatile solvent obeys: a. Psolution = xsolvent * Psolvent b. Xsubi is mole fraction c. Lower purity solvent = lower vapor pressure 2. Problems: D. Van’t Hoff Factor 1. Ionic compounds break apart in water

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Chapter 18, Problem 18.69 is Solved
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 7
Author: William H. Brown, Brent L. Iverson, Eric Anslyn, Christopher S. Foote
ISBN: 9781133952848

The full step-by-step solution to problem: 18.69 from chapter: 18 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 03/16/18, 05:02PM. This full solution covers the following key subjects: . This expansive textbook survival guide covers 24 chapters, and 1131 solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781133952848. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7. The answer to “Chloroformates have the functional groupOR O Cl, in which R is often a tert-butylor benzyl group. A chloroformate is used in the following synthesis of the antibacterialdrug linezolid (Zyvox).” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 29 words. Since the solution to 18.69 from 18 chapter was answered, more than 246 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer.

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Chloroformates have the functional groupOR O Cl, in which R is often a tert-butylor